Joshua D Bell

University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, United States

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Publications (4)13.29 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Mn(II)(TCNE)[C(4)(CN)(8)](1/2) (TCNE = tetracyanoethylene) exhibits a reversible pressure-induced piezomagnetic transition from a low magnetization antiferromagnetic state to a high magnetization ferrimagnetic state above 0.50 ± 0.15 kbar. In the ferrimagnetic state, the critical temperature, T(c), increases with increasing hydrostatic pressure and is ∼97 K at 12.6 kbar, the magnetization increases by 3 orders of magnitude (1000-fold), and the material becomes a hard magnet with a significant remnant magnetization.
    Inorganic Chemistry 08/2012; 51(18):9978-82. · 4.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The magnetic behaviors of MII(TCNE)[C4(CN)8]1/2 (M = Mn, Fe) prepared from a new synthetic route yielding purer magnetic materials are reported. Detailed DC magnetization and AC magnetic susceptibility measurements reveal that both compounds exhibit magnetic ordering with antiferromagnetic ground states arising from antiferromagnetically coupled ferrimagnetic layers with ordering temperatures of 69 and 84 K for polycrystalline M = Mn (Mn) and Fe (Fe), respectively. Because of the presence of two spin sites, these antiferromagnets are best described as compensated ferrimagnets. A spin flop transition between the antiferromagnetically coupled ferrimagnetic layers occurs at 19 500 Oe at 5 K for Mn, whereas Fe is a metamagnet. Fe also exhibits a constricted hysteretic behavior with a 5 K critical field of 12 600 Oe, and a coercive field and remanent magnetization of 4800 Oe and 1850 emu Oe/mol, respectively.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 08/2012; 116(35):18952–18957.
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    ABSTRACT: The α, β, and δ polymorphs of [TTF][TCNE] (TTF=tetrathiafulvalene; TCNE=tetracyanoethylene) exhibit a new type of long, multicenter bonding between the [TTF](δ+) and [TCNE](δ-) moieties, demonstrating the existence of long, hetero-multicenter bonding with a cationic(δ+)···anionic(δ-) zwitterionic-like structure. These diamagnetic π-[TTF](δ+) [TCNE](δ-) heterodimers exhibit a transfer of about 0.5 e(-) from the TTF to the TCNE fragments, as observed from experimental studies, in accord with theoretical predictions, that is, [TTF(δ+)···TCNE(δ-)] (δ≅0.5). They have several interfragment distances <3.4 Å, and a computed interaction energy of -21.2 kcal mol(-1), which is typical of long, multicenter bonds. The lower stability of [TTF](δ+) [TCNE](δ-) with respect to typical ionic bonds is due, in part, to the partial electron transfer that reduces the electrostatic bonding component. This reduced electrostatic interaction, and the large interfragment dispersion stabilize the long, heterocationic/anionic multicenter interaction, which in [TTF(δ+)···TCNE(δ-)] always involves two electrons, but have ten, eight, and eight bond critical points (bcps) involving C-C, N-S, and sometimes C-S and C-N components for the α, β, and δ polymorphs, respectively. In contrast, γ-[TTF][TCNE] possesses [TTF](2)(2+) and [TCNE](2)(2-) dimers, each with long, homo-multicenter 2e(-)/12c (c=center, 2 C+4 S) [TTF](2)(2+) cationic(+)···cationic(+) bonds, as well as long, homo-multicenter 2e(-)/4c [TCNE](2)(2-) anionic(-)···anionic(-) bonding. The MO diagrams for the α, β, and δ polymorphs have all of the features found for conventional covalent C-C bonds, and for all of the previously studied multicenter long bonds, for example, π-[TTF](2)(2+) and π-[TCNE](2)(2-). The HOMOs for α-, β-, and δ-[TTF][TCNE] have 2c C-S and 3c C-C-C orbital-overlap contributions between the [TTF](δ+-) and [TCNE](δ-) moieties; these are the shortest intra [TTF···TCNE] separations. Thus, from an orbital-overlap perspective, the bonding has 2c and 3c components residing over one S and four C atoms.
    Chemistry 08/2011; 17(34):9326-41. · 5.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The (13)C chemical-shift tensor principal values for TTF and pi-[TTF](2)(2+) (TTF = tetrathiafulvalene) dimer dications have been measured in order to better understand the electronic structure and long intradimer bonding of these TTF-based dimer structures. The structure of pi-[TTF](2)(2+) is abnormal due to its two C-C and four S-S ca. 3.4 A intradimer separations, which is less than the sum of the sulfur van der Waals radii, and has a singlet (1)A(1g) electronic ground state. This study of TTF and [TTF](2)(2+) was conducted to determine how the NMR chemical-shift tensor principal values change as a function of electronic structure. This study also establishes a better understanding of the interactions that lead to spin-pairing of the monomeric radical units. The density functional theory (DFT) calculated nuclear shielding tensors are correlated with the experimentally determined principal chemical-shift values. The embedded ion method (EIM) was used to investigate the electrostatic lattice potential in [TTF](2)(2+). These theoretical methods provide information on the tensor magnitudes and orientations of their tensor principal values with respect to the molecular frame. The experimental chemical-shift principal values agree with the calculated quantum mechanical chemical-shielding principal values, within typical errors commonly seen for this class of molecular system. Relatively weak Wiberg bond orders between the two [TTF](+) components of the dimer dication correlate with the long bonds linking the two [TTF](+) monomers and substantiate the claim that there is weak multicenter bonding present.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 06/2010; 114(24):6622-9. · 2.77 Impact Factor