A novel visible light-crosslinkable porcine gelatin was prepared for gelation and micropatterning. The preparation employed a photo-oxidation-induced crosslinking mechanism. First, furfuryl groups were incorporated into the gelatin. Second, the modified gelatin was mixed in water with Rose Bengal, which is a visible light sensitizer. Irradiation by visible light solidified the aqueous solution. In addition, when the solution was cast on a plate, dried and photo-irradiated in the presence of a photomask a micropattern was formed that matched the micropattern on the photomask. The gelatin-immobilized regions enhanced cell adhesion. It was also confirmed that the gelatin incorporating furfuryl and Rose Bengal have no significant toxicity. The photo-crosslinkable gelatin was employed as a direct pulp capping material in the dental field. Considering these results, this system could be useful as a new type of visible light-induced crosslinkable biosealant.
Acta biomaterialia 10/2010; 6(10):4005-10. DOI:10.1016/j.actbio.2010.05.018 · 5.68 Impact Factor