Florian Schröper

Forschungszentrum Jülich, Düren, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

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Publications (5)21.18 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: During the last decade protein electrochemistry at miniaturized electrodes has become important not only for functional studies of the charge transfer properties of redox proteins but also for fostering the development of sensitive biosensor and bioelectronic devices. One of the major challenges in this field is the directed coupling between electronic and biologically active components. A prerequisite for a fast and reversible electron transfer between electrode and protein is that the protein can be bound to the electrode in a favourable orientation. We examined electrostatic and bioaffinity-tag binding strategies for the directed immobilization of horse heart cytochrome c (cytc) on gold electrode surfaces to achieve this goal. Horse heart cytc was expressed in E. coli either as non-modified or genetically modified, i.e. histidine (his)-tag containing protein. The his-tags were introduced at defined positions at the N- or C-terminus of the polypeptide. It was our aim to generate tagged-versions of cytc that facilitate strong electronic coupling between protein and electrode and, at the same time, retain their catalytic and regulatory properties. The combination of different immobilization strategies, e.g. his-tag and electrostatic immobilization also opens new avenues for bivalent immobilization of proteins. This is of interest for molecular bioelectronic and biosensing applications where the proteins are immobilized between two crossing electrodes.
    Biosensors & bioelectronics 02/2012; 34(1):171-7. · 5.43 Impact Factor
  • Chemistry 11/2011; 17(47):13166-9. · 5.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Here, we report a new strategy for the directed bivalent immobilization of cyt c on or between gold electrodes. C-terminal modification with cys- or his-tag did not affect the functional integrity of the protein. In combination with electrostatic protein binding, these tags enable a bifunctional immobilization between two electrodes or alternatively one electrode and interacting enzymes.
    Chemical Communications 08/2010; 46(29):5295-7. · 6.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Biphasic reaction systems for enzyme catalysis are an elegant way to overcome limited solubility and stability of reactants and facilitate continuous processes. However, many synthetically useful enzymes are not stable in biphasic systems of water and organic solvent. The entrapment in polymer beads of polyvinyl alcohol has been shown to enable the stable operation of enzymes unstable in conventional biphasic reaction systems. We report the extension of this concept to continuous operation in a fluidised bed reactor. The enzyme benzaldehyde lyase was used for the continuous synthesis of enantiopure (R)-3,3'-furoin. The results show enhanced stability with half-life times under operation conditions of more than 100 h, as well as superior enzyme utilisation in terms of productivity. Furthermore, racemisation and oxidation of the product could be successfully prevented under the non-aqueous and inert reaction conditions.
    Biotechnology Journal 06/2006; 1(5):564-8. · 3.45 Impact Factor
  • Florian Schröper