[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Plant genetic engineering, which has led to the production of plant-derived monoclonal antibodies (mAb(P)s), provides a safe and economically effective alternative to conventional antibody expression methods. In this study, the expression levels and biological properties of the anti-rabies virus mAb(P) SO57 with or without an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-retention peptide signal (Lys-Asp-Glu-Leu; KDEL) in transgenic tobacco plants (Nicotiana tabacum) were analyzed. The expression levels of mAb(P) SO57 with KDEL (mAb(P)K) were significantly higher than those of mAb(P) SO57 without KDEL (mAb(P)) regardless of the transcription level. The Fc domains of both purified mAb(P) and mAb(P)K and hybridoma-derived mAb (mAb(H)) had similar levels of binding activity to the FcγRI receptor (CD64). The mAb(P)K had glycan profiles of both oligomannose (OM) type (91.7%) and Golgi type (8.3%), whereas the mAb(P) had mainly Golgi type glycans (96.8%) similar to those seen with mAb(H). Confocal analysis showed that the mAb(P)K was co-localized to ER-tracker signal and cellular areas surrounding the nucleus indicating accumulation of the mAb(P) with KDEL in the ER. Both mAb(P) and mAb(P)K disappeared with similar trends to mAb(H) in BALB/c mice. In addition, mAb(P)K was as effective as mAb(H) at neutralizing the activity of the rabies virus CVS-11. These results suggest that the ER localization of the recombinant mAb(P) by KDEL reprograms OM glycosylation and enhances the production of the functional antivirus therapeutic antibody in the plant.
PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(8):e68772. · 3.73 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Baculovirus has been widely used for the production of numerous recombinant proteins in insect cells. Baculovirus vectors
have several advantages, including proper post-translational modification, biosafety, and multiple large gene expression ability.
Most insect cell-produced proteins have been expressed by using the baculovirus expression vector system (BEVS) under the
control of strong polyhedrin (Polh) or p10 promoters. There has been no report on the expression of recombinant proteins by
baculovirus in plant cells. In this study, we used the baculovirus vector to express recombinant green fluorescent protein
(GFP) in plants. To investigate the expression of GFP protein by baculovirus in plants, we cloned the gfp gene under the control
of Polh promoter or Cauliflower Mosaic Virus (CaMV) 35S promoter to yield the Polh-GFP and 35S- GFP bacmids carrying the GFP
expression cassettes, respectively. The presence of Polh-GFP and 35S-GFP expression cassettes in the bacmids was confirmed
by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Subsequently, both the GFP bacmids and GFP baculovirus vectors generated from the bacmid-transfected
Sf9 insect cells were inoculated into Nicotiana benthamiana leaves. Confocal microscopy revealed that the gfp gene expression was high in plant leaves at 48 and 72 h after bacmid and
baculovirus inoculation. Reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) and fluorescence microscopy confirmed that the gfp genes under
the control of Polh or CaMV35S promoters were highly expressed in plant leaves inoculated with 40 L of baculovirus solution.
These results suggested that the baculovirus vector can be used to express recombinant proteins in plants. The baculovirus
vector- mediated gene delivery and expression system could be used in plant biotechnology for fast and efficient production
of recombinant proteins and for molecular virology studies in plants.
Additional key wordsCaMV 35S promoter–GFP protein–Sf9 insect cell–polyhedrin promoter
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The baculovirus-insect cell system is considered a feasible expression system for recombinant glycoprotein production due to its several advantages, including high capacity, flexibility, and glycosylation capability. However, accurate titering of the recombinant baculovirus is required to ensure high expression in insect cells using a commercial and expensive immunoassay titer kit in which the envelope glycoprotein of the Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV)-type baculovirus is detected by anti-envelope glycoprotein antibody and a secondary antibody conjugated to horseradish peroxidase (HRP). In this study, conditions for the expression of the CO17-1A immunotherapeutic monoclonal antibody (MAb) against colorectal cancer cells in a baculovirus system were optimized without using a commercial titering kit. Several variables were investigated to optimize antibody expression in a baculovirus-insect cell system, including baculovirus passage, volume of the infecting baculovirus inoculum (100, 200, 400, and 800 μL), and the harvest time of insect cells or cell supernatants after virus infection (24, 48, and 72 h). Two different pFastBac vectors carrying the CO17-1A MAb genes with or without the KDEL endoplasmic reticulum (ER) retention motif (Lys-Asp-Glu-Leu) fused to the HC (MAb CO17-1A K and MAb CO17-1A, respectively) were constructed and used to generate baculoviruses. Immunoblot analysis was conducted to confirm expression of MAb CO17-1A K and MAb CO17-1A in baculovirus-infected insect cells. Densitometry analysis of the protein bands was used to quantify the relative expression under different conditions. The highest expression was observed in lysed cells infected with 400 μL of passage 3 baculovirus (P(3) BV) carrying the gene encoding the CO17-1A MAb without KDEL at 72 h after virus infection. These results suggest that the infection conditions, the number of virus passages, baculovirus inoculum volume, and the harvest time can be modified to optimize MAb expression without using a BaculoELISA titer kit in a baculovirus-insect cell system.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Advantages of the baculovirus insect cell expression system for production of recombinant proteins include high capacity, flexibility, and glycosylation capability. In this study, this expression system was exploited to produce anti-cancer monoclonal antibody (mAb) CO17-1A, which recognizes the antigen GA733. The heavy chain (HC) and light chain (LC) genes of mAb CO17-1A were cloned under the control of P(10) and Polyhedrin promoters in the pFastBac dual vector, respectively. Gene expression cassettes carrying the HC and LC genes were transposed into a bacmid in Escherichia coli (DH10Bac). The transposed bacmid was transfected to Sf9 insect cells to generate baculovirus expressing mAb CO17-1A. Confocal immunofluorescence and Western blot analyses confirmed expression of mAb CO17-1A in baculovirus-infected insect cells. The optimum conditions for mAb expression were evaluated at 24, 48, and 72 h after the virus infection at an optimum virus multiplicity of infection of 1. Expression of mAb CO17-1A in insect cells significantly increased at 72 h after infection. HPLC analysis of glycosylation status revealed that the insect-derived mAb (mAb(I)) CO17-1A had insect specific glycan structures. ELISA showed that the purified mAb(I) from cell culture supernatant specifically bound to SW948 human colorectal cancer cells. Fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis showed that, although mAb(I) had insect specific glycan structures that differed from their mammalian counterparts, mAb(I) similarly interacted with CD64 (FcgammaRI) and Fc of IgG, compared to the interactions of mammalian-derived mAb. These results suggest that the baculovirus insect cell expression system is able to express, assemble, and secrete biofunctional full size mAb.
Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering 08/2010; 110(2):135-40. · 1.74 Impact Factor