Michelle Lubetzky

Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York City, NY, United States

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Publications (11)35.65 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Patients with pretransplantation strong donor-specific anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies (DSA) are at higher risk for rejection. We aimed to study the safety of kidney transplantation in patients with lower strength DSAs in a prospective cohort study.
    Transplantation 05/2014; · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated why some donor-specific antibody-positive patients do not develop antibody-mediated rejection. Of 71 donor-specific antibody-positive patients, 46 had diagnosis of antibody-mediated rejection and 25 had normal biopsies. Fifty donor-specific antibody-negative patients with normal biopsies were used as a control group. A subgroup of 61 patients with available biopsy and 64 with blood samples were analyzed by microarrays. Both donor-specific antibody-positive/antibody-mediated rejection-positive and negative biopsies showed increased expression of gene transcripts associated with cytotoxic T cells, natural killer cells, macrophages, interferon-gamma, and rejection compared to donor-specific antibody-negative biopsies. Regulatory T-cell transcripts were upregulated in donor-specific antibody-positive/antibody-mediated rejection-positive and B-cell transcripts in donor-specific antibody-positive/antibody-mediated rejection-negative biopsies. Whole-blood gene expression analysis showed increased immune activity in only donor-specific antibody-positive/antibody-mediated rejection-positive but not negative patients. During a median follow-up of 36 months, 4 donor-specific antibody-positive/antibody-mediated rejection-negative patients developed antibody-mediated rejection, 12 continued to have donor-specific antibody, but 9 lost their donor-specific antibody. Gene expression profiles did not predict the development of antibody-mediated rejection or the persistence of donor-specific antibody. Thus, donor-specific antibody-positive/antibody-mediated rejection-negative patients had increased rejection-associated gene transcripts in their allografts despite no histologic findings of rejection but not in their blood. This was found in both biopsy and blood samples of donor-specific antibody-positive/antibody-mediated rejection-positive patients.Kidney International advance online publication, 26 March 2014; doi:10.1038/ki.2014.75.
    Kidney International 03/2014; · 8.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Affymetrix Human Gene 1.0-ST arrays were used to assess the gene expression profiles of kidney transplant patients who presented with donor-specific antibodies (DSAs) but showed normal biopsy histopathology and did not develop antibody-mediated rejection (AMR). Biopsy and whole-blood profiles for these DSA-positive, AMR-negative (DSA +/AMR−) patients were compared to both DSA-positive, AMR-positive (DSA +/AMR +) patients as well as DSA-negative (DSA −) controls. While individual gene expression changes across sample groups were relatively subtle, gene-set enrichment analysis using previously identified pathogenesis-based transcripts (PBTs) identified a clear molecular signature involving increased rejection-associated transcripts in AMR − patients. Results from this study have been published in Kidney International (Hayde et al., 2014 [1]) and the associated data have been deposited in the GEO archive and are accessible via the following link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE50084
    Genomics Data. 01/2014; 2:357 - 360.
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to investigate global gene expression profiles of BK viremia and nephropathy (BKVN) samples using microarrays to investigate the immunologic response to BK virus. Patients were monitored for BK viremia in the blood monthly for 6 months, then at 9 and 12 months after kidney transplantation. BKVN and normal transplant kidney biopsy samples, and whole blood samples of patients with and without BK viremia were analyzed by Affymetrix Human Gene 1.0 ST Arrays. During a mean follow-up of 917±325 days, 61 of the 289 patients (21%) developed BK viremia at a median 149 (27, 1,113) days after transplantation with a median peak PCR titers of 35,900 (1,000, 2,677,000). The only significant risk factor for development of BK viremia was induction with anti-thymocyte globulin (P=0.03). Only four patients developed BKVN (1.3%). Pathogenesis-based transcript analysis revealed a significant increased expression of interferon-gamma and rejection induced (GRIT), quantitative cytotoxic T-cell (QCAT), quantitative constitutive and alternate macrophage, B-cell and natural killer cell-associated transcripts (NKAT), indicating an active inflammatory immune response in BKVN biopsies (n=3) compared to normal transplant kidney biopsies with (n=3) and without BK viremia (n=11). The whole blood gene expression profiles of 19 BK viremia patients revealed significant increased expression of GRIT, QCAT, and NKAT compared to 14 patients without viremia. The results showed increased activity of cytotoxic T cells and natural killer cells in BKVN and viremia samples resembling acute rejection and suggested the involvement of both adaptive and innate immunity.
    Transplantation 12/2013; · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the mechanisms involved in development of donor-specific antibody (DSA) and/or C4d-negative transplant glomerulopathy (TGP) by allograft gene expression profiles using microarrays. This cohort study was conducted in kidney transplant recipients. Patients were eligible for inclusion if they required a clinically indicated biopsy at any time point after their transplant. They were then classified according to their histopathology findings and DSA and C4d results. Eighteen chronic antibody-mediated rejection (CAMR), 14 DSA+/C4d- TGP, 25 DSA-/C4d- TGP, and 47 nonspecific interstitial fibrosis/tubular atrophy (IFTA) biopsy specimens were identified. In a subset of patients from the study population, biopsy specimens in each group and normal transplant kidney specimens were analyzed with Affymetrix Human Gene 1.0 ST Arrays. The mean sum score of glomerulitis and peritubular capillaritis increased from 0.28±0.78 in IFTA specimens to 0.75±0.85 in DSA-/C4d- TGP specimens, 1.71±1.49 in DSA+/C4d-/TGP specimens, and 2.11±1.74 in CAMR specimens (P<0.001). During a median follow-up time of 2 (interquartile range, 1.4-2.8) years after biopsy, graft loss was highest in CAMR specimens (27.8%) compared to IFTA specimens (8.5%), DSA+/C4d- TGP specimens (14.3%), and DSA-/C4d- TGP specimens (16%) (P=0.01). With use of microarrays, comparison of the gene expression profiles of DSA-/C4d- TGP specimens with glomerulitis + peritubular capillaritis scores > 0 to normal and IFTA biopsy specimens revealed higher expression of quantitative cytotoxic T cell-associated transcripts (QCAT). However, both CAMR and DSA+/C4d- TGP specimens had higher expression of not only QCAT but also IFN-γ and rejection-induced, constitutive macrophage-associated, natural killer cell-associated, and DSA-selective transcripts. Endothelial cell-associated transcript expression was upregulated only in CAMR biopsy specimens. These results suggested that DSA+/C4d- TGP biopsy specimens may be classified as CAMR. In contrast, DSA-/C4d- TGP specimens showed increased cytotoxic T cell-associated transcripts, suggesting T cell activation as a mechanism of injury.
    Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 09/2013; · 5.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Alemtuzumab (AZ) induction in hepatitis C-seropositive (HCV+) kidney transplant (KTX) recipients may negatively affect patient survival; however, available information is scant. Using US registry data from 2003 to 2010 of adult HCV+ deceased-donor KTXs (n = 4910), we examined outcomes by induction agent - AZ (n = 294), other T cell-depleting agents, (n = 2033; T cell), IL-2 receptor blockade (n = 1135; IL-2RAb), and no induction (n = 1448). On multivariate analysis, induction therapy was associated with significantly better overall patient survival with AZ [adjusted hazards ratio (aHR) 0.64, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.45, 0.92], T cell (aHR 0.52, 95% CI 0.41, 0.65) or IL-2RAb (aHR 0.67, 95% CI 0.53, 0.87), compared to no induction. A significant protective effect was also seen with AZ (aHR 0.63, 95% CI 0.40, 0.99), T cell (aHR 0.62, 95% CI 0.49, 0.78), and IL2R-Ab (aHR 0.62, 95% CI 0.47, 0.82) in terms of death-censored graft survival relative to no induction. There were 88 HIV+/HCV+ coinfected recipients. Compared to noninduction, any induction (i.e. three induction groups combined) was associated with similar overall patient survival (P = 0.2255) on univariate analysis. Induction therapy with AZ, other T cell-depleting agents, or IL-2RAb in HCV+ KTX is associated with better patient and death-censored graft survival compared to noninduction. In HCV/HIV coinfected patients, induction is not contraindicated.
    Transplant International 07/2013; · 3.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The outcome of HIV-infected kidney transplant recipients managed with an early corticosteroid withdrawal protocol is not known. METHODS: Eleven consecutive HIV-infected patients with undetectable plasma HIV RNA and more than 200/mm CD4 T cells underwent deceased-donor (n=8) or living-donor (n=3) kidney transplantation at our center. All were managed with an early corticosteroid withdrawal protocol; 9 of 11 received antithymocyte globulin and 2 received basiliximab induction. We analyzed patient and graft outcomes, acute rejection rate, HIV progression, BKV replication, infections, and urinary cell mRNA profiles. RESULTS: The median (range) follow-up was 44.5 (26-73) months. The incidence of acute rejection was 9% at 1 year and the patient and allograft survival rates were 100% and 91%, respectively. Estimated glomerular filtration rate at 1 year (mean±SD) was 78±39 mL/min/1.73 m. Plasma HIV RNA was undetectable at 24 months and none had BKV replication. Six of the 11 kidney recipients developed eight infections requiring hospitalization. Urinary cell levels of mRNA for complement components and complement regulatory proteins, cell lineage-specific proteins CD3, CD4, CD8, CTLA4, Foxp3, chemokine IP-10, cytotoxic perforin and granzyme B, and BKV VP1 mRNA were not different (P>0.05) between HIV-infected patients and HIV-negative recipients (n=22) with stable graft function and normal biopsy results. CONCLUSION: An early steroid withdrawal regimen with antithymocyte globulin induction was associated with excellent graft and patient outcomes in HIV-infected recipients of kidney allografts. Their urinary cell mRNA profiles are indistinguishable from those of HIV-negative patients with stable graft function and normal biopsy results.
    Transplantation 03/2013; 95(5):711-720. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The positive costimulatory proteins OX40 and OX40L and negative regulatory proteins programmed death (PD)-1, PD ligand 1, and PD ligand 2 have emerged as significant regulators of acute rejection in experimental transplantation models. We obtained 21 urine specimens from 21 renal allograft recipients with graft dysfunction and biopsy-confirmed acute rejection and 25 specimens from 25 recipients with stable graft function and normal biopsy results (stable). Urinary cell levels of mRNAs were measured using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction assays, and the levels were correlated with allograft status and outcomes. Levels of OX40 mRNA (P<0.0001, Mann-Whitney test), OX40L mRNA (P=0.0004), and PD-1 mRNA (P=0.004), but not the mRNA levels of PD ligand 1 (P=0.08) or PD ligand 2 (P=0.20), were significantly higher in the urinary cells from the acute rejection group than the stable group. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis demonstrated that acute rejection is predicted with a sensitivity of 95% and a specificity of 92% (area under the curve=0.98, 95% confidence interval 0.96-1.0, P<0.0001) using a combination of levels of mRNA for OX40, OX40L, PD-1, and levels of mRNA for the previously identified biomarker Foxp3. Within the acute rejection group, levels of mRNA for OX40 (P=0.0002), OX40L (P=0.0004), and Foxp3 (P=0.04) predicted acute rejection reversal, whereas only OX40 mRNA levels (P=0.04) predicted graft loss after acute rejection. A linear combination of urinary cell levels of mRNA for OX40, OX40L, PD-1, and Foxp3 was a strong predictor of acute rejection in human renal allograft biopsies. This prediction model should be validated using an independent cohort of renal allograft recipients.
    Transplantation 11/2010; 90(12):1381-7. · 3.78 Impact Factor
  • Clinical transplants 01/2010;
  • Transplantation 01/2010; 90. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report 2 cases of sensitized patients who were successfully treated with bortezomib therapy resulting in reduction of donor-specific antibodies (DSA). Our cases illustrate the synergistic effects of combination therapy that includes bortezomib on prevention and treatment of AMR in highly sensitized patients. Moving forward, long-term data on sensitized patients treated with bortezomib are needed to fully evaluate the impact of this therapy.
    Clinical transplants 01/2009;

Publication Stats

25 Citations
35.65 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Albert Einstein College of Medicine
      • Nephrology
      New York City, NY, United States
  • 2010
    • Weill Cornell Medical College
      New York City, New York, United States