ABSTRACT: Atypical protein kinase C (aPKC) isoforms (lambda and zeta) have been implicated in the control of insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in adipose and skeletal muscle, but their precise role in this process remains unclear, especially in light of accumulating evidence showing that, in response to numerous stimuli, including insulin and lipids such as ceramide, activation of aPKCs acts to negatively regulate key insulin-signaling molecules, such as insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) and protein kinase B (PKB)/cAMP-dependent PKC (Akt). In this study, we have depleted PKClambda in L6 skeletal muscle cells using RNA interference and assessed the effect this has upon insulin action. Muscle cells did not express detectable amounts of PKCzeta. Depletion of PKClambda (>95%) had no significant effect on the expression of proteins participating in insulin signaling [i.e., insulin receptor, IRS-1, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase), PKB, or phosphate and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10] or those involved in glucose transport [Akt substrate of 160 kDa, glucose transporter (GLUT)1, or GLUT4]. However, PKClambda-depleted muscle cells exhibited greater activation of PKB/Akt and phosphorylation of its downstream target glycogen synthase kinase 3, in the basal state and displayed greater responsiveness to submaximal doses of insulin with respect to p85-PI 3-kinase/IRS-1 association and PKB activation. The increase in basal and insulin-induced signaling resulted in an associated enhancement of basal and insulin-stimulated glucose transport, both of which were inhibited by the PI 3-kinase inhibitor wortmannin. Additionally, like RNAi-mediated depletion of PKClambda, overexpression of a dominant-negative mutant of PKCzeta induced a similar insulin-sensitizing effect on PKB activation. Our findings indicate that aPKCs are likely to play an important role in restraining proximal insulin signaling events but appear dispensable with respect to insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in cultured L6 muscle cells.
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism 09/2010; 299(3):E402-12. · 4.75 Impact Factor