[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The proton magnetic moment in nuclear magnetons is measured to be μ(p)/μ(N) ≡ g/2 = 2.792 846 ± 0.000 007, a 2.5 parts per million uncertainty. The direct determination, using a single proton in a Penning trap, demonstrates the first method that should work as well with an antiproton (p) as with a proton (p). This opens the way to measuring the p magnetic moment (whose uncertainty has essentially not been reduced for 20 years) at least 10(3) times more precisely.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The first one-proton self-excited oscillator (SEO) and one-proton feedback cooling are demonstrated. In a Penning trap with a large magnetic gradient, the SEO frequency is resolved to the high precision needed to detect a one-proton spin flip. This is after undamped magnetron motion is sideband cooled to a 14 mK theoretical limit, and despite random frequency shifts (typically larger than those from a spin flip) that take place every time sideband cooling is applied. The observations open a possible path towards a million-fold improved comparison of the p and p magnetic moments.