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ABSTRACT: Phenazine 5,10-dioxides are prodrugs for antitumor therapy that undergo hypoxic-selective bioreduction to form cytotoxic species. Here we investigate the expanded system benzo[a]phenazine 7,12-dioxides as selective hypoxic cytotoxin-scaffold. The clonogenic survival of V79 cells on aerobic and anaerobic conditions, conduct us to study antiproliferative activity on Caco-2 tumoral cells in normoxia. Electrochemical, DNA-interaction and DNA-damage studies were performed to establish the mode of action. The results demonstrated the potential biological properties of the studied scaffold being derivatives 6-10 structural hits for further chemical-modifications to become into therapeutics for solid tumors. Compounds 6 and 8 with cytotoxicity against V79 cells in both conditions (aerobia and anaerobia) were also cytotoxic against Caco-2 tumoral cells in aerobiosis.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry 06/2010; 18(12):4433-40. · 2.82 Impact Factor