[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Melasma treatment remains challenging despite various laser systems available, because of potential side-effects and high recurrence rates.
Non-ablative fractionated photothermolysis (FP) is a promising therapeutic method, long-time results comparing treated vs. non-treated site are lacking.
A total of 14 patients were treated with FP in a split-face mode with standardized adjustments in three sessions (weeks 0, 3-4, 6-8, follow-up: 26-28). At each consultation, improvement was evaluated by patients and physicians. Objective assessment was performed using digital photographs and the pigment imaging tool SIAscope(®).
Melasma improvement was registered in 83% and 75% of the cases 26-28 weeks after the first treatment based on two evaluations: by patient and by physician, respectively. Digital photography and SIAscope(®) revealed improvement in 54% and 85% after the first, 61% and 85% after the second, 41% and 58% after the third treatment, accordingly, mostly due to reduction of the outline sharpness. Patients with lighter skin complexions revealed significant improvement ranged from slight to moderate (P=0.03). Postinflammatory hyperpigmentation occurred in two cases with skin types III and IV.
Non-ablative FP can be considered as a valuable treatment option with short-term improvement in terms of mild reduction and softening the edges of melasma in patients with skin types I/II, if prior topical therapies failed. Treatment of patients with skin types III+ should be critically questioned.
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology 04/2011; 26(4):423-30. · 2.69 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Today skin cancer is mainly treated by surgical interventions. New findings concerning molecular biology and the signaling pathways in epithelial skin cancers such as basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma or melanoma, and mesenchymal skin cancers such as angiosarcoma and dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) have identified new molecular targets for a systemic or local treatment approach. For DFSP there is an opportunity already today to reduce the intensity of surgical procedures by pretreatment with targeted therapy. This article highlights important aspects in several skin cancer types.