Publications (3)7.57 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Involuntary psychiatric admission is a central issue in mental health care, especially in the treatment of children and adolescents. Its legal regulations do not only differ between European countries, but also on a federal level. Only few studies so far dealt with rates of involuntary admission (RIA), mainly focusing on adults, rather than children and adolescents. None of the studies analyzed this topic in a large cohort. The aim of this regional cross-sectional study was to compare voluntary and involuntary admissions in child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) regarding personal and admission characteristics. Furthermore, risk factors and predictors of involuntary admission should be identified. A retrospective analysis of hospital admission registers from three major German CAP hospitals over a period of 6 years (2004-2009) was conducted (N = 10,547 inpatients). Group comparisons between involuntarily and voluntarily treated minors and a logistic regression to determine predictors of legal status were performed. Information on harm to self or others prior to the admission, medication and clinical outcome was not available due to data structure. 70.8 % of patients were voluntarily and 29.2 % involuntarily admitted. Both subsamples comprised more males. The RIA decreased consistently over the years, ranging from 25.7 to 32.4 %. The strongest predictor of being admitted involuntarily was suffering from mental retardation (OR = 15.74). Adolescence, substance abuse, psychotic disorders and admission on duty time were also strongly associated (OR > 3). In this first large cohort study on involuntary treatment of children and adolescents in Germany, about every fourth patient was treated involuntarily. Certain personal and disease-related factors increased the risk. Commitment laws and other legal instruments for regulating involuntary placements are inconsistent and a standardized description or systematic analysis is needed. The influence of demographic, institutional variables and care and health services aspects should also be investigated.European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 06/2013; · 3.70 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Hepatocyte apoptosis is a key event in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). We studied the effect of obesity on free fatty acid (FFA) levels, fatty acid transport proteins (FATPs) and on extrinsic and intrinsic activation of apoptosis in the liver. Liver biopsies were harvested from 52 morbidly obese patients [body mass index (BMI): 53.82+/-1.41; age: 45+/-10.50; 15 males/37 females] undergoing bariatric surgery, and were scored for NASH, evaluated for fibrosis, and investigated for intrahepatic expression of FATPs, death receptors and cytosolic apoptosis-related molecules. Findings were correlated with serum FFA levels and the degrees of intrahepatic (terminal dUTP nick end labelling) and systemic (M30) apoptosis. In patients' liver sections, FATPs as well as select parameters of extrinsic and intrinsic apoptosis were found to be upregulated (CD36/FAT: x 11.56; FATP-5: x 1.33; CD95/Fas: x 3.18; NOXA: x 2.79). These findings correlated with significantly elevated serum FFAs (control: 14.72+/-2.32 mg/dl vs. patients: 23.03+/-1.24 mg/dl) and M30 levels (control: 83.12+/-7.46 U/L vs. patients: 212.61+/-22.16 U/L). We found correlations between FATPs and apoptosis mediators as well as with histological criteria of NASH and fibrosis. Increased FFA and FATPs are associated with extrinsically and intrinsically induced apoptosis, liver damage and fibrosis in obese patients. Thus, FATPs may offer an interesting new approach to understand and potentially intervene NASH pathogenesis.Liver international: official journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver 07/2010; 30(6):850-9. · 3.87 Impact Factor
- Journal of Hepatology - J HEPATOL. 01/2008; 48.