ABSTRACT: The reaction of 2,4-dinitroanilinomaleimide with sulphite which has been claimed as the basis of a suitable colorimetric assay for the anion was carefully re-examined. The sulphite-imide addition product provides a suitable and specific qualitative test for sulphite after separation by paper chromatography but the method as previously used is probably measuring the hydrolysis of the imide to 2,4-dinitroanilinomaleamic acid and cannot be used for sulphite determination either colorimetrically or in kinetic assays. A new colorimetric method for the determination of sulphite based on its reaction with Ellman's reagent, 5,5'-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid) is described and compared for sensitivity with the p-rosaniline-HCHO method. Both methods were used to show the formation of sulphite as the initial product of arylsulphonate metabolism by bacteria. The failure to find sulphite in similar cultures of a third organism was attributed to the very high activities of sulphite oxidase found in extracts. The Ellman reagent was examined as the basis of an indicator medium for the detection of sulphite-excreting colonies.
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 02/1975; 41(4):493-511. · 2.09 Impact Factor