Yongwei Yu

Changhai Hospital, Shanghai, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (21)108.61 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To validate the flexible ultrasound bronchoscope (FUB) as a tool in distinguishing muscle invasive and non-muscle invasive bladder tumors. From June 2010 to April 2012, 62 patients (11 female and 51 male) with 92 bladder urothelial carcinoma were treated in our study. The mean (±SD) patient age was 64.0±12.5 years old (ranged from 22 to 87). Clinical T stage was assessed by FUB at first in operating room, then immediately initial diagnostic transurethral resection (TUR) was performed. A second TUR would be done 2-4 weeks after initial TUR when the latter was incomplete (in large and multiple tumours, no muscle in the specimen) or when an exophytic high-grade and/or T1 tumour was detected. And radical cystectomy would be performed for the patients who were diagnosed with muscle-invasive tumors. FUB staging and initial TUR staging, final pathological results were compared. In ultrasonic images, the normal muscle layer of bladder wall could be clearly distinguished into three layers, which were hyperechogenic mucosa, hypoechogenic muscle and hyperechogenic serosal. For non-muscle invasive tumors, the muscle layers were continuous. And distorted or discontinuous muscle layers could be seen in muscle-invasive case. The overall accuracy (95.7%) and the specificity of muscle invasion detection of FUB (98.8%) were comparable to TUR (overall accuracy 90.2% and specificity 100%), but sensitivity of muscle invasion detection of FUB was significantly higher than initial TUR (72.7%VS18.2%). Moreover, the tumor's diameter could not affect the FUB's accuracy of muscle invasion detection. For tumors near the bladder neck, FUB also showed the similar validity as those far from bladder neck. To conclude, the flexible ultrasound bronchoscope is an effective tool for muscle invasion detection of bladder tumor with ideal ultrasonic images. It is an alternative option for bladder tumor staging besides TUR. It might have the potentiality to change the bladder diagnostic strategy.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(4):e92385. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and its treatment are challenging issues in prostate cancer management. Here, we report that miR-663 is upregulated in CRPC tissues. Overexpression of miR-663 in prostate LNCaP cells promotes cell proliferation and invasion, neuroendocrine differentiation, and reduction in dihydrotestosterone-induced upregulation of prostate-specific antigen expression. Furthermore, results of in situ hybridization show that miR-663 expression is correlated with Gleason score and TNM stage and is an independent prognostic predictor of clinical recurrence. Together, these findings suggest that miR-663 is a potential oncomiR for CRPC and may serve as a tumor biomarker for the early diagnosis of CRPC. J. Cell. Physiol. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 11/2013; · 4.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gene expression profiling provides an opportunity to develop robust prognostic markers of colorectal carcinoma (CRC). However, the markers have not been applied for clinical decision making. We aimed to develop an immunohistochemistry signature using microarray data for predicting CRC prognosis. We evaluated 25 CRC gene signatures in independent microarray datasets with prognosis information and constructed a subnetwork using signatures with high concordance and repeatable prognostic values. Tumours were examined immunohistochemically for the expression of network-centric and the top overlapping molecules. Prognostic values were assessed in 682 patients from Shanghai, China (training cohort) and validated in 343 patients from Guangzhou, China (validation cohort). Median follow-up duration was 58 months. All p values are two-sided. Five signatures were selected to construct a subnetwork. The expression of GRB2, PTPN11, ITGB1 and POSTN in cancer cells, each significantly associated with disease-free survival, were selected to construct an immunohistochemistry signature. Patients were dichotomised into high-risk and low-risk subgroups with an optimal risk score (1.55). Compared with low-risk patients, high-risk patients had shorter disease-specific survival (DSS) in the training (HR=6.62; 95% CI 3.70 to 11.85) and validation cohorts (HR=3.53; 95% CI 2.13 to 5.84) in multivariate Cox analyses. The signature better predicted DSS than did tumour-node-metastasis staging in both cohorts. In those who received postoperative chemotherapy, high-risk score predicted shorter DSS in the training (HR=6.35; 95% CI 3.55 to 11.36) and validation cohorts (HR=5.56; 95% CI 2.25 to 13.71). Our immunohistochemistry signature may be clinically practical for personalised prediction of CRC prognosis.
    Gut 10/2013; · 10.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Genome-wide association studies have been used to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in European individuals. The current study aimed to evaluate the correlation between significant SNPs identified in European individuals and the occurrence and postoperative prognosis of RCC in Chinese individuals. A total of 400 cases and 806 controls were involved in the current study. rs4765623, rs7105934, rs7579899 and rs1867785 were genotyped using qPCR, and the expression of cyclin D1 in renal tissue and RCCs was determined via western blotting and immunohistochemistry. The correlation between the SNPs/cyclin D1 expression and overall survival was evaluated using multivariate Cox regression analyses. Of the four SNPs, only rs7105934 was found to significantly correlate with RCC risk in Chinese individuals. The rs7105934 GA + AA genotype was correlated with a reduced risk of RCC with an odds ratio of 0.64 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.43-0.96), following adjustment for age. This genotype was found to independently predict an improved postoperative prognosis in the multivariate analysis, with a hazard ratio (HR) of 0.12 (95% CI, 0.02-0.93). Expression of cyclin D1, a putative regulated protein of rs7105934, did not vary in adjacent renal tissue and tumors when compared with that of various rs7105934 genotypes. However, cyclin D1 expression in RCCs inversely correlated with advanced tumor stage, and moderate to high expression of cyclin D1 in RCCs independently predicted improved postoperative prognosis, with an HR of 0.13 (95% CI, 0.02-0.96). Observations of the present study indicate that the rs7105934 A allele is associated with reduced risk and improved postoperative prognosis of RCC; however, this effect is unlikely to be caused by cyclin D1 expression.
    Oncology letters 08/2013; 6(2):421-426. · 0.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: NR4A2, an orphan nuclear receptor essential in the generation of dopaminergic neurons, has been recently linked to inflammation and cancer. This study sought to identify the role of NR4A2 on chemoresistance and postoperative prognosis of gastric cancer (GC). NR4A2 was transfected into GC cells to investigate its effects on chemoresistance to 5-fluorouracil and the tumorigenicity in nude mice. This study also investigated prostaglandin E2 (PGE2 )-induced NR4A2 expression and its effect on chemoresistance. Surgical specimens from patients with stage I through III GC were examined immunohistochemically for NR4A2 expression. Median follow-up time was 76 months for 245 patients. Ectopic expression of NR4A2 significantly increased the chemoresistance and attenuated 5-fluorouracil-induced apoptosis. Transient treatment of GC cells with PGE2 significantly upregulated NR4A2 expression via the protein kinase A pathway and increased the chemoresistance. Ectopic expression of NR4A2 significantly increased the tumorigenicity. In clinical samples, NR4A2 was preferentially expressed in lymphocytes and epithelial cytoplasm in adjacent mucosa. High expression of NR4A2 (immunoreactive score ≥ 3) in cancer cells significantly predicted an unfavorable postoperative disease-specific survival of patients with stage I to III GC (P = .011), especially for those who received 5-fluorouracil-based chemotherapy (P = .016). This effect was not found in those without the chemotherapy. In multivariate Cox analyses, age, TNM (tumor/node/metastasis) stage, and high NR4A2 expression significantly predicted an unfavorable postoperative survival. High NR4A2 expression in GC cells confers chemoresistance, attenuates 5-fluorouracil-induced apoptosis, and predicts an unfavorable survival, especially for those who received chemotherapy. NR4A2 might serve as a prognostic and predictive factor and therapeutic target for patients with GC. Cancer 2013. © 2013 American Cancer Society.
    Cancer 07/2013; · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: NR4A2, an orphan nuclear receptor essential in neuron generation, has been recently linked to inflammatory and metabolic pathways of colorectal carcinoma (CRC). However, the effects of NR4A2 on chemo-resistance and postoperative prognosis of CRC remain unknown. NR4A2 was transfected into CRC cells to investigate its effects on chemo-resistance to 5-fluorouracil and oxaliplatin and chemotherapeutics-induced apoptosis. We also investigated prostaglandin E2 (PGE2)-induced NR4A2 expression and its effect on chemo-resistance. Tissue microarrays including 51 adenoma, 14 familial adenomatous polyposis with CRC, 17 stage IV CRC with adjacent mucosa and 682 stage I-III CRC specimens were examined immunohistochemically for NR4A2 expression. Median follow-up time for stage I-III CRC patients was 53months. Ectopic expression of NR4A2 increased the chemo-resistance, and attenuated the chemotherapeutics-induced apoptosis. Transient treatment of PGE2 significantly up-regulated NR4A2 expression via protein kinase A pathway and increased the chemo-resistance. NR4A2 expression in epithelials consecutively increased from adenoma, adjacent mucosa to CRC (Ptrend<0.001). In multivariate Cox regression analyses, high NR4A2 expression in cancer nuclei (immunoreactive score⩾4) significantly predicted a shorter disease-specific survival (DSS) of CRC patients (hazard ratio [HR]=1.88, P=0.024). High NR4A2 expression specifically predicted a shorter DSS of colon cancer patients (dichotomisation, HR=2.55, log-rank test P=0.011), especially for those who received postoperative 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin plus oxaliplatin (FOLFOX) chemotherapy (3-score range, HR=1.86, log-rank test P=0.020). High expression of NR4A2 in CRC cells confers chemo-resistance, attenuates chemotherapeutics-induced apoptosis, and predicts unfavorable prognosis of colon cancer patients, especially for those who received postoperative chemotherapy. NR4A2 may be prognostic and predictive for colon cancer.
    European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 06/2013; · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most commonly diagnosed malignancies in men and the second leading cause of male cancer mortality. MAZ (Myc-associated zinc-finger protein) is a transcription factor that regulates the transcription of oncogenes, and the deregulated MAZ expression is closely related to the development and progression of a variety of cancers. In the present study, the role of MAZ in PCa tumorigenesis and its interaction with androgen receptor (AR), which is essential to PCa development in humans, were investigated. MAZ expression was found to be higher in clinical PCa specimens than in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and adjacent normal tissues, and MAZ expression was positively correlated with AR expression, which was also observed in PCa cell lines. After knockdown of MAZ by siRNA, cell proliferation was notably inhibited, colony formation declined, the cell cycle was arrested at G0/G1 phase, and the number of cells in S phase decreased (p < 0.05). MAZ knockdown resulted in a significant decline in the migration and invasion capacity of the LNCaP-AD cell line. siRNA knockdown of AR significantly decreased MAZ expression, and knockdown of MAZ significantly increased the expression of AR and DHT-induced androgen response element (ARE). These results suggest that MAZ and AR are interrelated and that MAZ plays an important role in PCa pathogenesis, which could be a potential therapeutic target.
    Medical Oncology 06/2013; 30(2):570. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To identify Dishevelled-2 (Dvl2) is a prostate cancer-associated gene and analyze the effects on the growth and invasive capacity of human prostate cancer (PCa) cells. Dvl2 mRNA expression was measured in PCa cell lines and tissue samples, by real-time reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR). Immunohistochemistry was used to examine the distribution of Dvl2 in PCa specimens. Silencing Dvl2 in LNCaP cells, proliferation was measured by the CCK-8 assay, cell motility and invasiveness by scratch wound and transwell migration assays, and Wnt-3a, AR, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression by western blotting. Dvl2 was overexpressed in LNCaP cells compared with the AI PCa lines DU-145 and PC-3, as well as in the majority of PCa tissue specimens examined by qRT-PCR (14/27, 51.9 %). Dvl2 expression was low in all 10 BPH specimens, weakly positive in 26/104 AD PCa specimens (23.8 %), positive in 60/104 AD PCa specimens (55 %), and strongly positive in all 5 AI PCa specimens. Dvl2 expression was significantly correlated with combined Gleason score (p = 0.02), lymph node metastasis (p = 0.005), and TNM stage (p = 0.015). Silencing of Dvl2 mRNA expression significantly reduced LNCaP cell proliferation, motility, invasiveness and Wnt-3a, AR, MMP-2, and MMP-9 expression. Dvl2 may increase PCa growth and metastasis potential, possibly by upregulating Wnt-3a, AR, and MMP expression. Silencing Dvl2 expression may be an effective treatment strategy for PCa.
    Molecular Biology Reports 05/2013; · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There are remarkable disparities among patients of different races with prostate cancer; however, the mechanism underlying this difference remains unclear. Here, we present a comprehensive landscape of the transcriptome profiles of 14 primary prostate cancers and their paired normal counterparts from the Chinese population using RNA-seq, revealing tremendous diversity across prostate cancer transcriptomes with respect to gene fusions, long noncoding RNAs (long ncRNA), alternative splicing and somatic mutations. Three of the 14 tumors (21.4%) harbored a TMPRSS2-ERG fusion, and the low prevalence of this fusion in Chinese patients was further confirmed in an additional tumor set (10/54=18.5%). Notably, two novel gene fusions, CTAGE5-KHDRBS3 (20/54=37%) and USP9Y-TTTY15 (19/54=35.2%), occurred frequently in our patient cohort. Further systematic transcriptional profiling identified numerous long ncRNAs that were differentially expressed in the tumors. An analysis of the correlation between expression of long ncRNA and genes suggested that long ncRNAs may have functions beyond transcriptional regulation. This study yielded new insights into the pathogenesis of prostate cancer in the Chinese population.
    Cell Research 05/2013; 23(5):732. · 10.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) cell lines with distinct metastatic potential are essential to study the mechanism of ccRCC metastasis. However, none of them originated from Chinese. METHODS: Primary cell cultures were performed using a primary tumor of a 49-year-old male ccRCC patient and a metastatic tumor of a 62-year-old male patient who had received nephrectomy to excise primary ccRCC 10 years ago. Cell growth, microstructure, cytogenetics, cytometry, expression of metastasis-associated molecules, tumorigenesis and metastasis were subsequently characterized. RESULTS: Two successive cell lines named NRCC from the primary ccRCC and MRCC from the metastatic ccRCC were established, respectively. Compared to NRCC, MRCC exhibited stronger anchorage-independent growth and invasion potentials and contained more glycogen granules in the cytoplasm. Gains of chromosomes and some translocations were the major chromosomal aberrations in both cell strains. CD24 expression was more frequent in MRCC than in NRCC and the same was true for CD56. The transcriptional levels of TNFalpha, IL-6, VEGF, HIF2alpha, MMP2, and RhoC were significantly higher in MRCC than in NRCC. Cytosolic IkappaBalpha protein was more degraded in MRCC than in NRCC following TNFalpha treatment. Both cell lines had strong tumorigenicity in athymic nude mice. However, MRCC had strong potential in generating metastasis to lung and hemorrhagic ascites than NRCC following orthotopic transplantations. CONCLUSIONS: Cancer cells isolated from metastatic ccRCC have more malignant and metastatic potential than those from the primary tumor from the patients who shared the similar race background. Establishment of MRCC and NRCC may provide suitable models with which to investigate molecular mechanisms of ccRCC metastasis.
    Cancer Cell International 02/2013; 13(1):20. · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Gamma-synuclein (SNCG) has previously been demonstrated to be significantly correlated with metastatic malignancies; however, in-depth investigation of SNCG in prostate cancer is still lacking. In the present study, we evaluated the role of SNCG in prostate cancer progression and explored the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: First, alteration of SNCG expression in LNCaP cell line to test the ability of SNCG on cellular properties in vitro and vivo whenever exposing with androgen or not. Subsequently, the Dual-luciferase reporter assays were performed to evaluate whether the role of SNCG in LNCaP is through AR signaling. Last, the association between SNCG and prostate cancer progression was assessed immunohistochemically using a series of human prostate tissues. RESULTS: Silencing SNCG by siRNA in LNCaP cells contributes to the inhibition of cellular proliferation, the induction of cell-cycle arrest at the G1 phase, the suppression of cellular migration and invasion in vitro, as well as the decrease of tumor growth in vivo with the notable exception of castrated mice. Subsequently, mechanistic studies indicated that SNCG is a novel androgen receptor (AR) coactivator. It interacts with AR and promotes prostate cancer cellular growth and proliferation by activating AR transcription in an androgen-dependent manner. Finally, immunohistochemical analysis revealed that SNCG was almost undetectable in benign or androgen-independent tissues prostate lesions. The high expression of SNCG is correlated with peripheral and lymph node invasion. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that SNCG may serve as a biomarker for predicting human prostate cancer progression and metastasis. It also may become as a novel target for biomedical therapy in advanced prostate cancer.
    BMC Cancer 12/2012; 12(1):593. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Thalidomide is experimentally used to treat various human cancers; however, clinical responses to thalidomide are sporadic. Here we demonstrate that CUL4A plays an oncogenic role in prostate cancer development and prostate cancer cells with higher level of CUL4A are particularly sensitive to thalidomide treatment. We show that CUL4A is frequently overexpressed in human primary prostate cancer and cell lines. Notably, subjects with tumors that highly expressed CUL4A had poor overall survival. CUL4A downregulation inhibited cell proliferation and induced apoptosis in vitro and in vivo, whereas CUL4A overexpression transformed human normal prostate epithelial cells and promoted invasion, which was attenuated by the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) inhibitor. We further show that the sensitivity to thalidomide is positively correlated with CUL4A expression in a panel of prostate cell lines. Ectopic CUL4A expression greatly enhanced sensitivity to thalidomide, while its downregulation conferred resistance to this drug. Mechanistically, thalidomide decreased CUL4A in a time- and dose-dependent manner, consequently leading to inaction of ERK pathway. Finally, we show that cereblon level is correlated with CUL4A expression and downregulated in thalidomide-resistant prostate cancer cell. Our results offer the first evidence that CUL4A is a potential therapeutic target for prostate cancer and may serve as a biomarker for assessing prognosis of human prostate cancer and response to thalidomide treatment.
    Journal of Molecular Medicine 03/2012; 90(10):1121-32. · 4.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There are remarkable disparities among patients of different races with prostate cancer; however, the mechanism underlying this difference remains unclear. Here, we present a comprehensive landscape of the transcriptome profiles of 14 primary prostate cancers and their paired normal counterparts from the Chinese population using RNA-seq, revealing tremendous diversity across prostate cancer transcriptomes with respect to gene fusions, long noncoding RNAs (long ncRNA), alternative splicing and somatic mutations. Three of the 14 tumors (21.4%) harbored a TMPRSS2-ERG fusion, and the low prevalence of this fusion in Chinese patients was further confirmed in an additional tumor set (10/54=18.5%). Notably, two novel gene fusions, CTAGE5-KHDRBS3 (20/54=37%) and USP9Y-TTTY15 (19/54=35.2%), occurred frequently in our patient cohort. Further systematic transcriptional profiling identified numerous long ncRNAs that were differentially expressed in the tumors. An analysis of the correlation between expression of long ncRNA and genes suggested that long ncRNAs may have functions beyond transcriptional regulation. This study yielded new insights into the pathogenesis of prostate cancer in the Chinese population.
    Cell Research 02/2012; 22(5):806-21. · 10.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To select autoantibody signatures for early detection of colorectal cancer (CRC). A phage cDNA expression library was constructed with fresh tumors from 30 CRC patients and biopanned by using serum pools of 20 CRC patients and 20 healthy controls. A classifier was discovered in the training set of 30 CRC patients at stages I and II and 30 matched healthy controls and then blindly validated in an independent set of 60 CRC patients, 60 healthy controls, 52 polyps patients, and 30 autoimmune diseases patients. Expression of proteins was examined by using immunohistochemistry. Five-phage peptide clones showing higher discriminatory power than others in training set were selected for validation. The five-phage peptide classifier was able to discriminate between early CRC patients and healthy controls, with sensitivities of 90.0% to 92.7% and specificities of 91.7% to 93.3%. In those with serum carcinoembryonic antigen less than 5 ng/mL, the classifier was efficient in discriminating CRC from healthy controls, with an area under the curve of 0.975. The classifier was able to discriminate all of the 9 patients with serrated adenoma from healthy controls. Thirteen (43.3%) of the patients with autoimmune diseases were misclassified. Of the five phage peptides, one encoded a peptide identical to immunoglobulin G (IgG) heavy-chain constant region. IgG immunostaining was stronger in mesenchymal cells than in cancer cells in the tumors and was apparent in serrated adenoma. The five-phage peptide classifier stands out as promising early diagnostic biomarkers for CRC, but it is unsuitable for discriminating CRC from autoimmune diseases. Truncated IgGs generated from the tumors might be novel CRC-associated antigens.
    Clinical Cancer Research 07/2011; 17(17):5715-24. · 7.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Endothelial cell (EC) survival is critical in the maintenance of endothelial function as well as in the regulation of angiogenesis and vessel integrity since endothelial dysfunction is the initial lesion of atherosclerosis. The goal of this study was to examine the effect of diazoxide, a mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K(+)(mito K(ATP)) channel opener, on aorta ECs apoptosis and its potential mechanism in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats at prediabetic stage. Diazoxide (25 mg kg(-1) day(-1)) was administered intraperitoneally from age 8 weeks to age 30 weeks. Thoracic aorta and cultured thoracic aortic ECs were used. The thickening of thoracic aortic wall and apoptosis of ECs were markedly increased in OLETF rats early from the age of 16 weeks, at the impaired glucose tolerance stage, compared with Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka rats, in conjunction with intimal hyperplasia and perivascular fibrosis. In contrast, diazoxide treatment inhibited these changes. Further study strongly demonstrated that extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs) are key regulatory proteins in protecting ECs from apoptosis. Diazoxide could significantly enhance phosphorylation of ERK via opening mito K(ATP) channels. This role was reversed by both 5-hydroxydecanoate, selectively closing mito K(ATP) channels, and PD-98509, MEK inhibitors. The present studies demonstrate that diazoxide prevents the onset and development of macrovascular disease in OLETF rats by inhibiting apoptosis directly via phosphorylated ERK increase in aorta ECs. Our findings establish the basis for the therapeutic potential of diazoxide in atherosclerotic disease.
    Acta Diabetologica 05/2011; 49(3):205-14. · 4.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The role of microsatellite alterations in surgically excised tumors in predicting the prognosis of patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) remains largely unknown. Specimens from 93 patients with sporadic ccRCC were used to screen microsatellite alterations using 12 markers on chromosomes 3p, 9p, and 14q according to disease stage. Survival was evaluated by using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression analysis. The expression of targeted genes was examined using quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Of the markers that were screened, D9S168 (9p23-22) had the highest frequency (36.9%) of microsatellite alteration in the specimens. D9S168 alterations were frequent in high-stage tumors. Seventy-eight patients who had ccRCC without distant metastasis at the time of surgery were followed for a median of 31.7 months. Overall survival and disease-free survival were poorer for patients with D9S168 alteration than for those without alteration (P < .001 for each; log-rank test). Cox regression analysis indicated that D9S168 alteration was associated independently with cancer-related death (P = .010). The D9S168 alteration, which was located at the 5'-untranslated region of a gene that encodes protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) receptor delta (PTPRD), was associated significantly with low expression of PTPRD at the messenger RNA level (P = .001). Immunohistochemistry revealed that the expression of PTPRD was strong in normal kidney proximal tubular epithelial cells, from which ccRCC originated, and was greatly down-regulated in ccRCC (P < .001; Wilcoxon rank-sum test). D9S168 microsatellite alteration in tumors predicted a poor prognosis for patients with ccRCC after curative nephrectomy. The authors concluded that PTPRD is a putative tumor suppressor in ccRCC and has therapeutic potential.
    Cancer 03/2011; 117(18):4201-11. · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To select autoantibody signatures as noninvasive biomarkers of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A phage cDNA expression library was constructed with fresh samples from 30 lung cancer patients and biopanned using serum pools of 10 NSCLC patients and 10 healthy controls. A six-phage peptide detector was discovered by two-step immunoscreenings and was validated in an independent set of 90 NSCLC patients and 90 matched healthy controls, 30 NSCLC patients with chemotherapy, and 12 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. The expression of a peptide target was validated by using immunohistochemistry. Factors affecting NSCLC-related death were evaluated by Cox regression analysis. Six phage peptide clones showing higher seroreactivity than others in 30 NSCLC patients were selected for diagnostic validation. The six-phage peptide detector was able to discriminate between NSCLC patients and healthy controls with a sensitivity and specificity of >92%, and had similar validity for indicating NSCLC at early stage. The seroreactivity of the six phage peptides was significantly higher in the NSCLC patients than in those with chemotherapy and the COPD patients, respectively. Of the six phage peptides, one encoded a peptide showing 100% homology to olfactomedin 1. Expression of olfactomedin 1 protein was significantly higher in lung adenocarcinoma than in lung cancer of other histologic types and normal lung tissues. The autoantibody signature was not associated with the prognosis of the NSCLC patients. The six-phage peptide detector stands out as promising diagnostic biomarkers for NSCLC, unlikely for NSCLC relapse after chemotherapy. Olfactomedin 1 may be a novel target of lung adenocarcinoma.
    Clinical Cancer Research 07/2010; 16(14):3760-8. · 7.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Understanding hub genes involved in gastric cancer (GC) metastasis could lead to effective approaches to diagnose and treat cancer metastasis. In this study, 272 differentially expressed genes between synchronous liver metastasis and the paired GC were selected from microarray assays. KEGG pathway analysis indicated that of 13 enriched pathways, 8 were involved in cancer metastasis. Literature-based annotations showed that the differentially expressed genes significantly enriched known metastasis-related genes. With the use of protein-protein interaction network, we found a subnetwork significantly enriching the metastasis-related genes and hubs. Unannotated hubs in this subnetwork were predicted to be novel metastasis-associated genes. Nine hubs in this subnetwork were validated by using quantitative RT-PCR, and 4 hubs were further validated by immunohistochemistry. NR4A2 was significantly down-regulated in synchronous liver metastasis compared with the paired GC at both transcriptional and translational levels. NR4A2 immunostaining was apparent in the mesenchymal cells of pathologically normal gastric mucosa and in the epithelial cells of primary GC. HSP90AA1 was not only up-regulated in the metastatic GC compared with primary GC at both transcriptional and translational levels, but also up-regulated in primary GC compared with the normal mucosa at the translational level. NR4A2, NR3C1, ARF3, XAB2, and alternatively spliced variants of NR4A2, SP8 and SP-novel, were significantly down-regulated, whereas CCNE1 significantly up-regulated, in primary GC compared with the normal gastric mucosa. Conclusively, NR4A2 and HSP90AA1 stand out as promising diagnostic markers and therapeutic targets for liver metastasis of GC. CCNE1 and NR3C1 indicate primary GC, rather than distant metastasis.
    International Journal of Cancer 07/2009; 125(12):2844-53. · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Metastatic clear-cell renal-cell carcinoma (ccRCC) has a poor prognosis and unpredictable course, and there are no molecular markers that reliably predict ccRCC metastasis. In this study, ccRCC specimens from 84 patients were directly cultured in vitro. Primary cultures from 38 of 94 specimens contained more than 90% tumor cells at the fourth passage. After identification by immunostaining, the primary cultures of metastatic and nonmetastatic ccRCC specimens from the age- and gender-matched patients were subjected to cDNA microarray assays. A total of 842 differentially expressed genes with a FDR (false discovery rate) of 4.79% were identified. Pathway analysis and co-occurrence with "cancer", "metastasis" and "invasion" in the literature annotations functionally enriched the 842 genes and provided an indication of the reliability of our microarray assays. Novel genes associated with metastasis were selected based on protein-protein interactions between 205 differentially expressed genes that co-occurred with "metastasis" and those that did not co-occur with "metastasis" on Medline, and the results of co-expression analysis between the co-occurred genes and unpublished genes. FSTL1, AV722783, SLC15A1, DDX17, ORC2L and PKMYT1 were found to be potential ccRCC metastasis-associated novel genes, according to expression patterns in cultures and tumor tissues. Interestingly, the upregulated genes (CAV1, PKMYT1 and ORC2L) were also upregulated and the downregulated genes (FSTL1, GSTM3, CYR61, SLC15A1 and AV722783) were also downregulated in the primary ccRCC specimens compared with expression in adjacent renal tissues in 37 patients. This study has identified new candidate biomarkers and targets for the early diagnosis and treatment of ccRCC metastasis.
    International Journal of Cancer 10/2008; 123(5):1080-8. · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epidemiological studies in both humans and experimental animals have shown an association between visceral obesity and cardiovascular risk factors such as dyslipidemia, hyperinsulinemia, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of diazoxide, an inhibitor of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, on the prevention of fat deposition in the liver and in the abdominal cavity of prediabetic rats. Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats, which are a well-established animal model of human obesity, were used. Diazoxide (25 mg/kg/day) was administered from 8 to 30 weeks of age. Various fat distribution parameters, including computerized tomography imaging, histopathological examination, lipid metabolism, and insulin resistance, were determined in prediabetic OLETF rats. Occurrences of abdominal adiposity and fatty liver were markedly reduced by diazoxide treatment. Diazoxide significantly lowered hyperinsulinemia, triglycerides, free fatty acid levels, insulin resistance, weight gain, and food intake. In addition, it inhibited the development of diabetes in these animals. Linear regression assay demonstrated a close correlation between decreasing hyperinsulinemia and the protective effects of diazoxide. The present study demonstrates that diazoxide treatment in obese OLETF rats at prediabetic stage prevents abdominal obesity and fat deposition in the liver. These metabolic changes may occur through a direct effect on beta-cells through reduction of their workload and suppression of insulin secretion.
    Journal of Diabetes and its Complications 01/2008; 22(1):46-55. · 2.06 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

173 Citations
108.61 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012–2013
    • Changhai Hospital, Shanghai
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2008–2013
    • Second Military Medical University, Shanghai
      • Department of Urology
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China