ABSTRACT: To evaluate the impact on the health status of population in the area where the 'Three Gorges Reservoir Water Storage Project' had been operated and to provide references for the development of related disease control strategies.
In the Three Gorges Reservoir Area, 17 towns/streets in nine counties were chosen as surveillance points. Data on surveillance program would include infectious diseases, birth, death, biological agents etc.
related to time and spatial analysis and the comparison on pre- and post-water storage were used to analyze and describe the long-term changing trend of meteorological index, distribution of biological agent and diseases, and human health status. Relationships between number of infectious diseases and media biological density and meteorological parameters were also analyzed.
When the water storage program came into being in 2003, the indoor (2.22%) and outdoor (2.76%) densities of rats were significantly lower than pre-water storage period (indoor 4.38% vs. outdoor 4.43%) and the annual average density of mosquito (35.09 mosquitoes per room and per hour) was also lower than before (54.24 mosquitoes per room and per hour). The incidence rates of encephalitis B, malaria, leptospirosis, and hemorrhagic fever had reduces 22.88%, 84.85%, 95.03% and 81.82% than before. The incidence rates of malaria, leptospirosis, and hemorrhagic fever were all below 0.4/100 000 and the incidence of encephalitis B was below 2/100 000. The average infant mortality was 11.83‰. The annual infant mortalities, after adjusted by missing report numbers, were between 13.07‰ and 23.88‰ which were lower than the national annual average level. The thirteen year standard mortalities were 3.77‰ - 5.12‰, with the total rate lower than the national average level in the same years.
In 2003, the incidence rates of malaria, encephalitis B, leptospirosis, epidemic hemorrhagic fever kept going down in the surveillance sites in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area, and the overall population's health status was well enough to show that there was no negative impact on the health status of population living in the area after the water storage project was inplemented.
Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 10/2011; 32(10):996-1000.
ABSTRACT: To sequence and analyze the complete genome of two new Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) strains isolated from mosquitoes collected in Hubei province in 2008, and to understand the molecular biological characteristics of JEV in this area.
RT-PCR was used to amplify the fragments of HBZG08-09 strain and HBZG08-55 strain with 16 pairs overlapping primers after they had been recovered and identified, then the full-length genome was obtained by sequencing and splicing. Biological sequence alignment, nucleotide and amino acid sequence analysis, phylogenetic analysis and analysis of amino acid differences were performed by the software of Clustal X (1.83), MegAlign, Mega (4.0) and Genedoc (3.2).
The genome of two new strains were both 10 965 nucleotides in length with a single open reading frame from 96 to 10 392 coding for a 3432 amino acid poly-protein, the homology of nucleotide and amino acid sequence between two isolates were 98.2% and 99.7% respectively. Further study showed that the new strains were both belonging to genotype I. Two new strains were most closely related to isolates obtained from Henan and Zhejiang province in recent years. Compared with the live attenuated vaccine strain SA-14-14-2 in China, HBZG08-09 strain had 82 amino acid divergence; HBZG08-55 had 84 amino acid divergences. But the amino acid difference occurred in sites were not the key ones affecting the toxicity or antigenic of JEV.
Two new JEV isolates were both belonging to genotype I, and the key sites of amino acid were not changed.
Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine] 05/2010; 44(5):438-43.
ABSTRACT: Characteristics and tendency of mosquito and major mosquito-borne diseases (including epidemic encephalitis B and malaria) were analyzed in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area from 1997 to 2008.
Information on surveillance data related to mosquito-borne infectious diseases and on mosquito density and category, from 1997 to 2008 was collected from Health Surveillance System in Three Gorges Reservoir Area. Data regarding meteorological factors and construction of Three Gorges Reservoir was also collected. Pearson and Poisson models were used.
From 1997 to 2008, in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area, the incidence rates of epidemic encephalitis B and malaria were decreasing. Positive correlations were shown between indoor and outdoor mosquito density as well with temperature with coefficient as 0.281 and 0.355 respectively. Correlations of mosquito-borne diseases with indoor and outdoor mosquito density were positive, with correlation coefficient as 0.340 and 0.328 respectively.
There seemed lack of evidence to prove that negative influences had occurred on the incidence of mosquito-borne infectious diseases or the mosquito density after the Three Gorges Reservoir water storage came into being in 2003, however, long-time surveillance program needs to be carried out to gather information on this issue.
Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 01/2010; 31(1):56-9.