[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate whether measuring prostate specific antigen complexed to alpha1-Antichymotrypsin (PSA-ACT) can increase sensitivity and specificity in detecting prostate cancer.
In this prospective study, we measured serum total PSA, PSA-ACT, free PSA, prostate volume and transition zone volume on 210 patients with total PSA level of 4-20 ng/mL. From fitted curves between positive predictive values for prostate cancer and age, prostate volume, transition zone volume, total PSA, PSA-ACT or F/T ratio, each function predicting prostate cancer was determined. Relative probabilities for prostate cancer (RPpca) which were defined by combined functions of age, F/T ratio, prostate volume or transition zone volume, and total PSA or PSA-ACT were calculated. Furthermore, using logistic regression, analysis was performed to determine the probability of prostate cancer. Receiver-operating characteristic analysis was performed to clarify the areas under the curve (AUC) for conventional single parameters, RPpca and logistic regression probability.
F/T ratio showed the largest AUC among conventional parameters. The AUC of RPpca was larger than those of F/T ratio and logistic regression probability. RPpca using the functions of age, transition zone volume, PSA-ACT and F/T ratio showed the largest AUC and highest specificity at sensitivity 95% level, however, specificities at sensitivity 90% and 85% were identical to those of RPpca using the functions of age, prostate volume, total PSA and F/T ratio.
RPpca using the functions of age, transition zone volume, PSA-ACT and F/T ratio was the best way to detect prostate cancer, however, the usefulness of PSA-ACT appears limited, considering the cost.
International Journal of Urology 09/2005; 12(8):721-7. · 1.80 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: From October, 1987 to September, 1989, 53 staghorn calculi of 51 patients underwent extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) monotherapy by using Dornier HM3 lithotriptor. All patients were treated with double J stenting preoperatively. Mean number of shock waves was 6092 and mean number of sessions was 2.1. In 52 out of 53 kidneys (98%), the stones were disintegrated completely. Complete removal of the stone were observed in 29 kidneys (55%) 3 months after the last ESWL treatment. Complications consisted of fever attack (more than 38 degrees C) (26 patients), ileus (2), subcapsular hematoma (2) and gastrointestinal hemorrhage (1). They could be conservatively treated except one case with percutaneous nephrostomy. Supplementary procedures for the stone street were necessary in 23 patients. They consisted of ESWL (16 patients) and transuretheral lithotripsy (7). The indication of this procedure for the treatment of staghorn calculi was also discussed.
Nippon Hinyōkika Gakkai zasshi. The japanese journal of urology 04/1991; 82(3):433-8.