[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pentraxins are a superfamily of conserved proteins involved in the acute-phase response and innate immunity. Pentraxin 3 (PTX3), a prototypical member of the long pentraxin subfamily, is a key component of the humoral arm of innate immunity that is essential for resistance to certain pathogens. A regulatory role for pentraxins in inflammation has long been recognized, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here we report that PTX3 bound P-selectin and attenuated neutrophil recruitment at sites of inflammation. PTX3 released from activated leukocytes functioned locally to dampen neutrophil recruitment and regulate inflammation. Antibodies have glycosylation-dependent regulatory effect on inflammation. Therefore, PTX3, which is an essential component of humoral innate immunity, and immunoglobulins share functional outputs, including complement activation, opsonization and, as shown here, glycosylation-dependent regulation of inflammation.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: PTX3 is a secreted multimeric glycoprotein which plays a key role in innate immunity by activating the classical complement pathway through specific recognition of the C1q subunit. A method is described for the high level expression of the recombinant human PTX3 in Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO), adapted to a suspension growth in spinner flasks containing a serum-free chemically defined medium and producing about 50 mg of PTX3/L of culture. A purification procedure to produce a homogeneous protein preparation from the supernatant, by means of anion exchange, hydroxyapatite and size exclusion chromatography, is also reported. This three-step protocol allows us to obtain PTX3 with a recovery yield close to 70%, a purity degree exceeding 95%, and a final host cell protein (HCP) content lower than 150 ppm. The recombinant purified PTX3 retains its biological activity, as demonstrated by C1q binding ELISA assay, and displays a complex quaternary structure characterized by a high secondary structure content quite different from human short pentraxin C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum amyloid P component (SAP), as determined by circular dichroism, fluorescence analysis, and native and SDS-PAGE experiments.
Protein Expression and Purification 02/2007; 51(1):49-58. DOI:10.1016/j.pep.2006.07.009 · 1.70 Impact Factor