[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Defining the relationship between ageing and cancer is a crucial but challenging task. Mice deficient in Zmpste24, a metalloproteinase mutated in human progeria and involved in nuclear prelamin A maturation, recapitulate multiple features of ageing. However, their short lifespan and serious cell-intrinsic and cell-extrinsic alterations restrict the application and interpretation of carcinogenesis protocols. Here we present Zmpste24 mosaic mice that lack these limitations. Zmpste24 mosaic mice develop normally and keep similar proportions of Zmpste24-deficient (prelamin A-accumulating) and Zmpste24-proficient (mature lamin A-containing) cells throughout life, revealing that cell-extrinsic mechanisms are preeminent for progeria development. Moreover, prelamin A accumulation does not impair tumour initiation and growth, but it decreases the incidence of infiltrating oral carcinomas. Accordingly, silencing of ZMPSTE24 reduces human cancer cell invasiveness. Our results support the potential of cell-based and systemic therapies for progeria and highlight ZMPSTE24 as a new anticancer target.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Monitoring activity of specific signaling pathways in vivo is challenging and requires highly sensitive methods to detect dynamic perturbations in whole organisms. RESULTS: In vivo gene delivery of a luciferase reporter followed by bioluminiscence imaging allows measuring NF-kappaB activity in mice liver and lungs. CONCLUSIONS: This protocol allows a direct measure of NF-kappaB activity through quantification of bioluminescence signal, demonstrating its accuracy and sensitivity in different animal models and experimental conditions. Variants could be also applied for the analysis of NF-kappaB activity in different tissues or for studying other signaling pathways in vivo.
Cell Communication and Signaling 03/2013; 11(1):19. · 5.09 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aging is a multifactorial process that affects most of the biological functions of the organism and increases susceptibility to disease and death. Recent studies with animal models of accelerated aging have unveiled some mechanisms that also operate in physiological aging. However, little is known about the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in this process. To address this question, we have analysed miRNA levels in Zmpste24-deficient mice, a model of Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome. We have found that expression of the miR-29 family of miRNAs is markedly upregulated in Zmpste24(-/-) progeroid mice as well as during normal aging in mouse. Functional analysis revealed that this transcriptional activation of miR-29 is triggered in response to DNA damage and occurs in a p53-dependent manner since p53(-/-) murine fibroblasts do not increase miR-29 expression upon doxorubicin treatment. We have also found that miR-29 represses Ppm1d phosphatase, which in turn enhances p53 activity. Based on these results, we propose the existence of a novel regulatory circuitry involving miR-29, Ppm1d and p53, which is activated in aging and in response to DNA damage.
The EMBO Journal 06/2011; 30(11):2219-32. · 9.82 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Transposons are mobile DNA segments that can disrupt gene function by inserting in or near genes. Here, we show that insertional mutagenesis by the PiggyBac transposon can be used for cancer gene discovery in mice. PiggyBac transposition in genetically engineered transposon-transposase mice induced cancers whose type (hematopoietic versus solid) and latency were dependent on the regulatory elements introduced into transposons. Analysis of 63 hematopoietic tumors revealed that PiggyBac is capable of genome-wide mutagenesis. The PiggyBac screen uncovered many cancer genes not identified in previous retroviral or Sleeping Beauty transposon screens, including Spic, which encodes a PU.1-related transcription factor, and Hdac7, a histone deacetylase gene. PiggyBac and Sleeping Beauty have different integration preferences. To maximize the utility of the tool, we engineered 21 mouse lines to be compatible with both transposon systems in constitutive, tissue- or temporal-specific mutagenesis. Mice with different transposon types, copy numbers, and chromosomal locations support wide applicability.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Paragangliomas (PGLs) are rare tumors arising either from sympathetic or parasympathetic-associated chromaffin tissue. PGLs can occur either sporadically or as part of a hereditary syndrome. Sympathetic head and neck PGLs are extremely rare tumors and only a few cases have been reported to date.
We report the pedigree of a patient with a head and neck PGL arising from the right sympathetic trunk. SDHD mutation analysis was performed using standard sequencing, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification, chromosome 11-specific comparative genome hybridization, and long-range/short-range polymerase chain reaction (PCR) approaches.
A previously unreported chromosome 11q deletion encompassing 5 annotated genes (SDHD, DLAT, PIH1D2, C11Orf57, and TIMM8B) was detected in the proband.
PGL families considered "mutation-negative" may be attributable to large gene deletions not detectable by standard sequencing methods. Therefore, deletion analysis should be offered to families or individuals at risk for hereditary PGLs.
Head & Neck 03/2010; 33(8):1233-40. · 2.83 Impact Factor