Inci Yildiz

Istanbul University, İstanbul, Istanbul, Turkey

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Publications (32)41.95 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Malignant rhabdoid tumor is a rare and malignant tumor of childhood. Generally it originates from the kidney and central nervous system, but occasionally it may arise from the orbit. Differential diagnosis from other childhood soft tissue sarcomas should be done. We report here an 8-week-old female infant with malignant rhabdoid tumor of the orbit who was treated with chemotherapy and surgery. The 8 week-old girl was referred to our hospital with a history of right proptosis first noted at birth. Physical and laboratory evaluation of the patient was normal except for right proptosis. The mass was removed surgically. Histopathologic examination and immunohistochemical findings of the specimen were evaluated as malignant rhabdoid tumor. Chemotherapy was administered. While in clinical remission, she succumbed during a febrile episode. Malignant rhabdoid tumor can rarely originate from the orbit. Malignant rhabdoid tumor should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of orbital masses, and surgery, chemotherapy and local radiotherapy should be used as combined therapy due to the poor prognosis.
    Turk Patoloji Dergisi 01/2013; 29(1):69-72.
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    ABSTRACT: Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is a congenital hemolytic anemia which is characterized by spherocytes in peripheral blood and increased osmotic fragility test. The disease is caused by defects in red cell membrane cytoskeleton. In this study, we investigated erythrocyte membrane protein defects in 50 Turkish HS patients and 42 controls. We used sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) to identify the protein defects causing HS. The patients were from 27 families (39 kindred and 11 unrelated patients). They were aged between 6 months and 53 years and the mean age was 18.75 (±14.70) years. Protein deficiencies related to HS were demonstrated in 42% of study group. There was not any statistically significant relation between the protein deficiency and hemoglobin levels. Isolated or combined spectrin deficiency was the most common protein abnormality among our patients. Spectrin deficiency was detected in 22% of cases (11/50), ankyrin deficiency in 8% (4/50), protein 4.2 deficiency in 8% (4/50), combined spectrin and protein 4.2 deficiency in 2% (1/50), combined spectrin and ankyrin deficiency in 2% (1/50). Fifty-eight percent of cases (29/50) showed normal protein contents.
    Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 07/2012; 17(4):232-6. · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) is a common subtype of acute leukemia in children. PAX5 plays a central role in B-cell development and differentiation. In this study, we analyzed PAX5 expression levels, transactivation domain mutations/deletions in B-ALL patients (n=115) and healthy controls (n=10). Relative PAX5 mRNA levels were significantly increased in B-ALL patients (p<0.0001). PAX5 expression was also evaluated in three different B-ALL subgroups (pro B, Common B and Pre B ALL) and showed stage specific expression levels. Pro B (p=0.04) and pre B (p=0.04) patients showed significantly high PAX5 mRNA levels compared to stage specific controls. At least one deletion of exons 7-8 or 9 has been identified in the 41% of the patients. CD34 positivity in patients and presence of large deletions (Δ7/8/9) showed a significant correlation (p=0.05). None of our patients showed PAX5 point mutations, but two previously identified SNPs (rs3780135 and rs35469494) were detected. Our results support that PAX5 is a critical factor in B-ALL development and aberrant PAX5 expression especially at early stages may leads to leukemic transformation.
    Leukemia research 08/2011; 36(1):87-92. · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to assess the demographic data and treatment results of children who were diagnosed with Burkitt lymphoma and treated according to the Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster-95 (BFM) protocol in a single institution. A total of 48 patients (37 boys, 77%) with a median age of 8 years (range 2 to 16 years) at diagnosis, were evaluated. Primary tumor sites were abdomen (70.8%), head and neck (22.9%), peripheral lymph node (2%), bone (2%), and testis (2%). The 5-year overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) were 78.1±4% and 76.6±6%, respectively. In univariate analysis, hemoglobin level less than 10 g/dL, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) positivity and dialysis requirement at diagnosis were found to be important reverse predictor factors for EFS (P; 0.001, 0.001, 0.004, respectively). In multivariate analysis, hemoglobin level less than 10 g/dL and dialysis at diagnosis were found to be important reverse predictor factors for EFS (P; 0.0001). The EFS of our patients was lower than the values achieved with BFM-95 protocol in other centers. This study provides evidence that low hemoglobin level, CSF positivity and dialysis at diagnosis were important predictor factors for EFS in children with Burkitt lymphoma.
    Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology 10/2010; 32(7):e279-84. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It is well known that survivors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) show a tendency to become overweight. Cranial irradiation (CRT), is considered to be the primary risk factor for development of obesity. The aim of our study was to evaluate body mass index (BMI) and serum leptin levels in survivors of childhood ALL. Subjects (Group I) consisted of 93 survivors of childhood ALL (53 males > or = 9 years old, 40 females > or = 8 years old) diagnosed between January 1975 and December 2002 in the Hematology-Oncology Division in Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University after a follow up 10.21 +/- 4.90 (mean +/- SD) years. Fifty healthy individuals of similar chronological age were taken as controls (29 males, 21 females). Seventy-four subjects had received radiotherapy (Group IA) and 19 had not (Group I B). In Group I, BMI was significantly higher than in Group II (21.65 +/- 4.02 vs 20.31 +/- 3.49, p = 0.04). However, BMI was significantly higher only in Group I A (21.83 +/- 4.27) than in Group II (p = 0.032). Leptin levels were significantly higher in Group I A females than in Group II females. There was a significant correlation between BMI-SDS and serum leptin levels in group IA females. Leukemia treatment leads to obesity. Higher leptin levels in girls may suggest that sex may be a differentiating factor for this late effect.
    Journal of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism: JPEM 07/2010; 23(7):669-74. · 0.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To standardize diagnosis and treatment of childhood Wilms tumor (WT) in Turkey. Between 1998 and 2006, WT patients were registered from 19 centers. Patients <16 years with unilateral WT whose treatment started in first postoperative 3 weeks were included. Treatments were stage I favorable (FH) and unfavorable histology (UH) patients, VCR + Act-D; stage IIA FH, VCR + Act-D; stage IIB FH, VCR + Act-D + radiotherapy (RT); stage III-IV FH, VCR + Act-D + adriamycin (ADR) + RT; stages II-IV UH tumors, VCR + Act-D + ADR + etoposide + RT. 165/254 registered cases were eligible (bilateral, 5.9%) [median age 3.0 years; M/F: 0.99; 50/165 cases < or =2 years]. 9.7% cases had UH tumors. Disease stages were stage I 23.6%; IIA 36.4%; IIB 5.5%; III 22.4%; IV 12.1%. Cases >2 years had significantly more advanced disease. 1/11 cases with recurrent disease died; 2/165 had progressive disease, 2/165 had secondary cancers, and all 4 died. In all cases 4-year OS and EFS were 92.8 and 86.5%, respectively. Both OS and EFS were significantly worse in stage IV. Despite problems in patient management and follow-up, treatment results were encouraging in this first national experience with a multicentric study in pediatric oncology. Revisions and modifications are planned to further improve results and minimize short- and long-term side effects.
    Pediatric Hematology and Oncology 04/2010; 27(3):161-78. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The NOTCH signaling pathway plays important role in the development of multicellular organisms, as it regulates cell proliferation, survival, and differentiation. In adults, it is essential for the T- or B-lymphocyte lineage commitment. NOTCH1 and FBXW7 mutations both lead the activation of the NOTCH1 pathway and are found in the majority of T-ALL patients. In this study, the mutation analysis of NOTCH1 and FBXW7 genes was performed in 87 pediatric T-ALLs who were treated on the ALL-BFM protocols. In 19 patients (22%), activating NOTCH1 mutations were observed either in the heterodimerization domain or in the PEST domain and 7 cases (10%) demonstrated FBXW7 mutations (2 cases had both NOTCH1 and FBXW7 mutations). We also analyzed the relationship of the mutation data between the clinical and biological data of the patients. NOTCH1 and FBXW7, NOTCH1 alone were found correlated with lower initial leucocyte counts which was independent from the sex and T- cell immunophenotype. However, NOTCH1 and FBXW7 mutations were not predictive of outcome in the overall cohort of pediatric T-ALLs.
    Disease markers 01/2010; 28(6):353-60. · 2.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The authors evaluated the possible effect of DNA repair genes, XPD (Xeroderma pigmentosum group D) codon (312 and 751) and XRCC1 (X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1) codon (194 and 399) SNPs (single-nucleotide polymorphisms) on the risk of childhood B-cell lymphoma. The polymorphisms were analyzed in 33 patients with BL cases and in 52 healthy, age-matched controls using PCR-RFLP method. The authors observed no association between variation in the XPD codon Asp312Asn, Lys751Gln, and XRCC1 codon Arg399Gln polymorphisms and B-cell lymphoma for any parameter. In contrast, tryptophan allele frequency in control and patient groups was 0.10 and 0.03 respectively (p = .04). The frequency of XRCC1 194Arg/Trp genotype in B-cell lymphoma was significantly lower than that in controls (p = .005). No significant relationship was found between genotypes and stage, lactate dehydrogenase, or bone marrow involvement. XRCC1 194Trp allele may be associated with a protective effect against development of childhood B-cell lymphoma. However, these results were based on a small number of case and further studies should be done.
    Pediatric Hematology and Oncology 10/2009; 26(6):467-72. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Polymorphisms have been identified in several DNA repair genes. These polymorphisms may effect DNA repair capacity and modulate cancer susceptibility. In this study, we aimed to determine the four polymorphisms in two DNA repair genes, xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group D (XPD) and X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1), in a sample of Turkish patients with childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and evaluate their association with childhood ALL development. We used polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP), to analyze XPD Asp312Asn, XPD Lys751Gln, XRCC1 Arg194Trp, and XRCC1 Arg399Gln polymorphisms in 70 patients with childhood ALL and in 75 disease-free controls, who were of a similar age. No significant differences were observed among the study groups with regard to the XPD codon 312, XPD codon 751, XRCC1 codon 194, and XRCC1 codon 399 polymorphisms. However, the combined XRCC1 Arg194Trp/Trp194Trp variant genotypes were associated with increased risk for ALL in females (OR=5.47; 95% CI=1.49-20.10; p=0.008). This finding indicates that females carrying XRCC1 194Trp allele are at increased risk of developing childhood ALL. These results suggest that the risk of childhood ALL may be associated with DNA repair mechanisms, and understanding these mechanisms will help identify individuals at increased risk of developing childhood ALL, and also should be lead to improved treatment of ALL.
    Leukemia research 06/2009; 33(6):759-63. · 2.36 Impact Factor
  • Tiraje Celkan, Inci Yildiz
    Pediatric Blood & Cancer 08/2008; 51(5):712; author reply 712-3. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of our study was to show how the progression and severity of Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) is affected by procoagulant activity and alterations in the markers of thrombosis and fibrinolysis. The study cohort comprised 64 FMF patients who were classified as attack-free patients (Group 1; n = 34 patients, aged 3-19 years) and attack patients (Group 2; n = 30 patients, aged 3-21 years). All patients were on colchicine treatment with the exception the newly diagnosed patients in Group 2. A total of 14 healthy subjects between 5-12 years of age were enrolled as controls (Group 3). Laboratory tests, including leukocyte and thrombocyte counts, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, CRP, fibrinogen, PT, aPTT, Factor VIII, vW factor, D-dimer, P-selectin, tPA and PAI-1, were carried out on all patients. Inflammation continued both during the attack and attack-free period in FMF. The prolongation of PT was observed during attacks (PT = 13.6 s in Group 2, and PT = 12.6 s in Group 3; p = 0.002). tPA levels increased in FMF patients (tPA levels of group 1, 2 and 3 were 12.6, 13.2 and 9.7 ng/ml, respectively; p = 0.01). P-selectin was lower in both patient groups than in the control group. During attack periods PAI-1 levels increased (PAI-1 level of Group 1: 89.6 ng/ml and PAI-1 level of Group 2: 335.7 ng/ml, p = 0.000). Inflammation with increased acute phase reactants continued during both attack and attack-free periods in FMF patients. Prolongation of PT and differences in tPA and P-selectin levels suggest that hypercoagulability may have a role in the etiopathogenesis of FMF. It may be possible to use PAI-1 as a marker for the attacks of FMF.
    European Journal of Pediatrics 04/2008; 167(3):279-85. · 1.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, the authors aim to describe the survival and clinical characteristics of 141 retinoblastoma cases treated at Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, University of Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey, between 1981 and 2004. The authors retrospectively analyzed the clinical records of 141 children (177 eyes) diagnosed with retinoblastoma and treated between 1981 and 2004. Information on gender, laterality, age at diagnosis, presenting signs, spread of tumor, treatment modality, survival rate, and family history were collected. A total of 105 cases (74.5%) were unilateral and 36 cases (25.5%) were bilateral. The mean age overall at the time of diagnosis was 25 months; in unilateral cases, 29 months; and in bilateral cases, 16 months. The most common presenting signs were leukocoria (116 cases, 82%), strabismus (14 cases, 10%) and proptosis (11 cases, 8%). A total of 28 cases had orbital extension, nine patients had central nervous system invasion, and five cases exhibited bone marrow involvement. In total, 16 patients (11%) had a family history of retinoblastoma. One case developed a secondary neoplasm. The 3 year cumulative survival rate of 141 patients was 89.69% (unilateral, 90.74%; bilateral 87.35% P = 0.9371, P > 0.05, log rank test). The study's survival rate was similar to developed countries. The success in higher survival rates is based on the authors multidisciplinary team approach done by the same group and the support of the authors' clinic and government in sponsoring the medical insurance of all patients.
    Pediatrics International 08/2006; 48(4):369-73. · 0.73 Impact Factor
  • Leukemia and Lymphoma 08/2006; 47(7):1418-20. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    Annals of Hematology 02/2006; 85(1):64-5. · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Anemia is a frequent manifestation and an important health problem. The aim of this study was to found the prevalence of anemia among primary schoolchildren and determine the risk factors associated with anemia. The study group was composed of 1531 students between 6 and 16 years old from 14 primary schools located in seven different regions of Istanbul. Data were collected via a questionnaire filled out by parents. For all students, a complete blood cell count detected by an automated cell counter and anemia prevalence was determined according to Dallman criteria. The overall prevalence of anemia was found to be 27.6 per cent. There was no significant relationship between the prevalence of anemia and the students' age, gender, parents' educational level and employment, and monthly family income by logistic regression analysis. Only the number of family members and malnutrition were risk factors for anemia. Today, anemia is a common problem among primary schoolchildren in Istanbul. Identification of the risk factors is essential for the prevention of anemia.
    Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 01/2006; 51(6):346-50. · 0.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of anemia detected in familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) and the effect of disease activity and colchicine therapy along with interleukins to laboratory tests, including serum transferrin receptor (TfR), in the diagnosis of anemia seen in FMF in children. After detecting anemia in 63.4% of 172 FMF patients followed up by our rheumatology outpatient polyclinics, it was decided to study 3 groups of patients: group 1, 17 newly diagnosed FMF patients; group 2, 36 FMF patients on colchicine therapy; and group 3, 17 healthy children as control for the symptom of anemia. All 3 groups of patients were investigated for their hematological parameters, iron status, including soluble transferrin receptor (sTFR) concentrations and sTFR index, and IL-6 levels. Anemia ratio was 9/17, 53%; 11/36, 31%; and 1/17, 5% in the groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively. There was a significant difference between hemoglobin (Hb) values in the first group and the second (patients who were on colchicine therapy). Furthermore, in the second group there was a significant difference between the Hb concentrations at the time of diagnosis and after colchicine therapy (p = .003). There was a positive correlation between Hb and plasma iron and transferrin saturation in group 1 and disease beginning age, iron, transferrin saturation, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) in the second group. In the first group the anemic patients' iron and transferrin saturation were significantly lower than normal, while ferritin levels were higher. In the second group, a good correlation was found with ESR and Hb levels; the higher ESR values were detected in patients with lower Hb values. Of the anemic and nonanemic patients of the first and second groups, values for interleukin 6 and iron parameters, including sTFR, were found similar. Anemia detected in FMF patients was found related to iron status more than interleukins. Colchicine therapy had a positive effect on anemia as well as on disease activity. Resolution of symptoms of FMF occurred with correction of the anemia, if the patient ESR values also decreased on colchicine therapy.
    Pediatric Hematology and Oncology 01/2006; 22(8):657-65. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to investigate the diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis and/or measles-mumps antibody titers before and after vaccination at various time points of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) therapy and to suggest an appropriate vaccination approach for ALL patients. The authors studied 37 ALL patients and 14 healthy control subjects, divided into three groups. In group 1 (newly diagnosed patients), baseline anti-diphtheria, anti-tetanus, and anti-pertussis titers were determined. Patients in group 2 (on maintenance chemotherapy) and group 3 (patients not receiving therapy for 3-6 months) were vaccinated with diphtheria-tetanus with or without acellular pertussis; group 3 and control subjects were also given measles-mumps-rubella vaccine. Preimmunization and 1-month postimmunization titers were drawn. Preimmunization anti-diphtheria and anti-tetanus antibody titers between the groups and the controls were statistically similar. The seropositivity rate for anti-measles antibody in group 3 was significantly lower than controls. After vaccination, all of the patients developed protective anti-diphtheria and anti-tetanus antibody titers. The seroconversion rates of group 3 and controls for anti-measles and anti-mumps antibodies were statistically similar. The results showed that patients on maintenance therapy and after cessation of therapy made good antibody responses to diphtheria and tetanus toxoids, but response to measles and mumps vaccines was not as sufficient as toxoid vaccines. Children with ALL can receive the appropriate vaccines during and after maintenance treatment.
    Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology 06/2005; 27(5):273-7. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase1 (NQO1) is a two-electron reductase that detoxifies quinones derived from the oxidation of phenolic metabolites of benzene. Exposure to benzene metabolites increases the risk of hematotoxicity and leukemia. NQO1 enzyme activity protects the cells against metabolites of benzene. C to T base substitution at nucleotide 609 of NQO1 cDNA (C609T) results in loss of enzyme activity. Low NQO1 activity may play a role in etiology of acute leukemia. We analyzed NQO1 C609T gene polymorphism using the PCR-RFLP method in 273 patients with de novo acute leukemia (189 acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and 84 acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and 286 healthy volunteers to investigate the role of NQO1 polymorphism in the etiology of acute leukemia. The frequency of homozygosity for NOQ1 C609T polymorphism was 3.5% in the healthy control population and 2.5% in pediatric acute leukemia. The NQO1 C609T allele frequency was not statistically different in the children with acute leukemia in comparison to the controls (odds ratio (OR), 0.76; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.58-1.01; P = 0.06). The distribution of NQO1 genotypes among children with acute leukemia was not statistically different from the control group (P = 0.13). These findings do not support the role of NQO1 C609T polymorphism in the etiology of de novo pediatric acute leukemia.
    Pediatric Blood & Cancer 11/2004; 43(5):568-70. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome (BRBNS) is a rare vascular malformation syndrome with cutaneous and visceral lesions frequently associated with serious, even fatal bleeding. No systemic therapy is currently available. We report here a case with disseminated skin and gastrointestinal venous malformations and findings of disseminated intravascular coagulation that was treated with interferon beta. The disseminated intravascular coagulation manifestations were cleared with the treatment. The regression of the coagulopathy in our patient led us to think that the use of interferon beta in BRBNS might be beneficial.
    Dermatology 02/2004; 208(4):345-8. · 1.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study analyzes the data of thrombotic children who were followed up in different pediatric referral centers of Turkey, to obtain more general data on the diagnosis, risk factors, management, and outcome of thrombosis in Turkish children. A simple two-page questionnaire was distributed among contact people from each center to standardize data collection. Thirteen pediatric referral centers responded to the invitation and the total number of cases was 271. All children were diagnosed with thromboembolic disease between January 1995 and October 2001. Median age at time of first thrombotic event was 7.0 years. Of the children 4% of the cases were neonates, 12% were infants less than 1 year old, and 17% were adolescents. Thromboembolic event was mostly located in the cerebral vascular system (32%), deep venous system of the limbs, femoral and iliac veins (24%), portal veins (10%), and intracardiac region (9%). Acquired risk factors were present in 86% of the children. Infection was the most common underlying risk factor. Inherited risk factors were present in 30% of the children. FVL was the most common inherited risk factor. Acquired and inherited risk factors were present simultaneously in 19% of the patients. Eleven children had a history of familial thrombosis. Due to the local treatment preferences, the treatment of the children varied greatly. Outcome of the 142 patients (52%) was reported: 88 (62%) patients had complete resolution, 47 (33%) had complications, 12 (9%) had recurrent thrombosis, and 34 (24%) died. Three children (2.1%) died as a direct consequence of their thromboembolic disease. The significant morbidity and mortality found in this study supports the need for multicentric prospective clinical trials to obtain more generalizable data on management and outcome of thrombosis in Turkish children.
    Pediatric Hematology and Oncology 01/2004; 21(7):573-83. · 0.96 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

263 Citations
41.95 Total Impact Points


  • 1994–2011
    • Istanbul University
      • • Department of Pediatrics (Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine)
      • • Department of Family Medicine (Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine)
      • • Department of Pediatric Hematology
      İstanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
  • 2010
    • Marmara University
      İstanbul, Istanbul, Turkey