Iliana Bersani

University of Wuerzburg, Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany

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Publications (26)40.93 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Histologic chorioamnionitis (HCA) is an intrauterine status of inflammation which may lead to the fetal inflammatory response syndrome. Inflammation is a pathogenetic mechanism also of preeclampsia, although not of microbial origin. The aim of the present pilot study was to evaluate the pattern of inflammatory cytokines in mothers and high-risk preterm infants during the perinatal period. Concentrations of proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines and C-reactive protein were evaluated in maternal, cord, and neonatal blood of very preterm infants <1,500 g birth weight. Histologic examinations of placentae and umbilical cords were performed. The 65 mother-neonate pairs enrolled were subdivided into three groups: (1) HCA group (n = 15), (2) preeclampsia group (n = 17), and (3) control group, in the absence of HCA/preeclampsia (n = 33). Maternal Interleukin (IL)-6 levels were significantly higher in women of the HCA group compared with the preeclampsia and control groups (p < 0.05). IL-22 was detected in nearly all maternal samples [median value 693.115 pg/ml (599.91-809.91 pg/ml)], with no statistical difference between the groups, but with a tendency to increased levels among preeclamptic women. Increased concentrations of IL-22 were detected in cord blood of neonates exposed to preeclampsia, compared with controls and infants exposed to HCA (p < 0.05). We speculate that the tendentially higher concentrations of IL-22 in preeclamptic mothers and the significantly higher concentrations in cord blood may reflect placental dysfunction and the underlying reparative processes at the maternal-fetal interface. Therefore, IL-22 could be an important biomarker of inflammation in preeclampsia.
    Immunologic research. 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: So-called lock therapy, consisting of high concentrations of antimicrobials instilled into the lumen of the catheter, has been suggested avoid central venous catheter removal during fungal infection. We report a baby who developed catheter-related candidemia. Systemic antifungal treatment did not resolve the candidemia. Lock therapy with 0.3 mL of ethanol 70% and micafungin sodium 5 mg/L was added to the therapy, and blood cultures became sterile.
    The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 04/2014; 33(4):419-20. · 3.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective: Echocardiographic flow patterns of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) are useful to predict the development of haemodynamically significant ductus in premature infants. N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) concentrations seem to be useful to detect PDA. We investigated how NT-proBNP levels change on the basis of different flow patterns during the first day of life, and whether NT-proBNP might represent a reliable decision tool in PDA management. Methods: Neonates with gestational age <32 weeks were assessed prospectively, using paired Doppler-echocardiographic evaluation and NT-proBNP values, at T0 (6-24 hours of life), and daily until ductal closure. Results: At T0, NT-proBNP concentrations of 41 neonates correlated to the kind of pattern (p=0.018) with the highest values in neonates with pulsatile or growing patterns. A value <9854 pg/ml identified neonates with spontaneous closure (sensitivity 71.8%, specificity 100%). Overall, 32 infants needed treatment. Pre-treatment NT-proBNP values increased compared to those at T0, significantly in neonates with growing pattern at T0 (p=0.001). After treatment, NT-proBNP concentrations decreased compared to pre-treatment values (p=0.0024), more markedly in the responders than in the non-responders (p=0.042). Conclusions: NT-proBNP concentrations at T0 show a good agreement with different flow patterns and represent a useful tool to identify neonates at risk of developing hemodicamically significant PDA.
    The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine: the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians 01/2014; · 1.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The treatment of neonatal limb ischemia (LI) is challenging for neonatologists. Peripheral nerve blockade (PNB), alone or in association with other therapies, represents a valid therapy in case of vascular spasm or thromboembolic events responsible for LI. In the present case report, we describe the clinical history of a preterm neonate with catheter-related thrombosis of the left leg. PNB was not performed according to the traditional technique but rather by a peridural catheter left in situ for 9 days with a continuous infusion of ropivacaine. In conclusion, the effectiveness of this approach was confirmed by the contemporary near-infrared spectroscopy monitoring, documenting gradual improvement of leg perfusion.
    European Journal of Pediatrics 09/2013; · 1.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Surfactant replacement significantly decreased acute pulmonary morbidity and mortality among preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome. Besides improving lung function and oxygenation, surfactant is also a key modulator of pulmonary innate and acquired immunity regulating lung inflammatory processes. In this review, we describe the immunomodulatory features of surfactant preparations. Various surfactant preparations decrease the proinflammatory cytokine and chemokine release, the oxidative burst activity, and the nitric oxide production in lung inflammatory cells such as alveolar neutrophils, monocytes and macrophages; they also affect lymphocyte proliferative response and immunoglobulin production, as well as natural killer and lymphokine-activated killer cell activity. In addition, surfactant preparations are involved in airway remodeling, as they decrease lung fibroblast proliferation capacity and the release of mediators involved in remodeling. Moreover, they increase cell transepithelial resistance and VEGF synthesis in lung epithelial cells. A number of different signaling pathways and molecules are involved in these processes. Because the inhibition of local immune response may decrease lung injury, surfactant therapeutic efficacy may be related not only to its biophysical characteristics but, at least in part, to its anti-inflammatory features and its effects on remodeling processes. However, further studies are required to identify which surfactant preparation ensures the highest anti-inflammatory activity, thereby potentially decreasing the inflammatory process underlying respiratory distress syndrome. In perspective, detailed characterization of these anti-inflammatory effects could help to improve the next generation of surfactant preparations.
    Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy 01/2013; 11(1):99-110. · 3.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Considering the high frequency of bleeding complications following fibrinolytic treatment in neonates, peripheral nerve blockade (PNB) has been proposed alone or in association with lower doses of tissue plasminogen activator, as a possible new therapeutic approach in the management of neonatal limb ischemia (LI) secondary to vasospasm and/or thrombosis. The present article provides a review of the current knowledge about the topic, in order to evaluate the efficacy and safety of this therapeutic approach. According to the few case reports documented in literature and to our experience, PNB could be considered as valid procedure for the treatment of LI, especially during neonatal period, when the risk of serious bleeding associated with fibrinolytic or anticoagulant therapy is higher. Peripheral nerve blockade resulted in a safe and effective procedure for the treatment of neonatal vascular spasm and thrombosis.
    Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis 09/2012; · 1.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a case of neonatal cerebral sinovenous thrombosis associated with the presence of anti-phospholipid antibodies (aPL). We recommend that in all cases of neonatal thrombosis, the couple mother-infant should be extensively tested for the presence of both acquired (aPL) and congenital thrombophilia.
    Indian pediatrics 05/2012; 49(5):411-2. · 1.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Immaturity of the pulmonary and immune systems represents an important risk factor for increased morbidity and mortality in neonates. Surfactant protein (SP)-A and SP-D, linking molecules between these two systems, are critical for lung homeostasis as they regulate surfactant metabolism and host immunodefense activities in innate and adaptive immunity. Preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome showed lower concentrations of SP-A and SP-D, and the administration of exogenous surfactant was found to strengthen the secretion of SPs. Low levels of SP-A and SP-D also correlated with a higher risk of infection and development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Moreover, SP-A- and SP-D-enriched surfactant formulations were more resistant to the inhibitory action of the plasmatic proteins in animal models. Based on these assumptions, new-generation surfactants, enriched with SP-A and/or SP-D, may enhance the function of immune system and lungs in neonates, potentially improving the clinical outcome.
    Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy 05/2012; 10(5):573-84. · 3.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chorioamnionitis represents a major risk factor for preterm birth and contributes to prematurity-associated morbidity and mortality. Comparison of studies addressing neonatal outcome after exposure to either histological or clinical chorioamnionitis is hampered by the great heterogeneity regarding study cohorts and disease definitions which were applied. Moreover, the impact of exposure to inflammation in utero on neonatal outcome has become less evident with major advances in perinatal and neonatal care. Histologic chorioamnionitis evidently is associated with a reduction of incidence and severity of respiratory distress syndrome. Short-term maturational effects on the lungs of ventilated extremely premature infants are, however, accompanied by a greater susceptibility of the lung, eventually contributing to an increased risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Chorioamnionitis has been shown associated with increased rate of early-onset sepsis but, according to recent data, histological chorioamnionitis might be protective against late-onset sepsis. Inconsistent data exist concerning the true role of chorioamnionitis in the development of brain lesions such as cystic periventricular leukomalacia, diffuse white matter disease, and intraventricular hemorrhage. However, an association with the development of cerebral palsy has been reported.
    The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine: the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians 03/2012; 25 Suppl 1:12-6. · 1.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This retrospective, study compared the efficacy and safety of Ibuprofen-Lysinate (Arfen, intramuscular formulation, Group I, n=156) used during 2000-2005 and Sodium-ibuprofen (Pedea, intravenous solution, Group II, n=60) used during 2006-2008, for the prophylaxis of Patent Ductus Arteriosus in inborn neonates with gestational age ≤ 28 weeks. Ductus closure rate after prophylaxis was significantly higher (73.1% vs 50%; P=0.002) and surgical ligation significantly lower (8.2% vs 23.3%; P=0.005) in Group I. A smaller number of neonates of Group I vs Group II showed oliguria and hemorrhagic disease.
    Indian pediatrics 01/2012; 49(1):47-9. · 1.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Administration of glucocorticoids and caffeine is a common therapeutic intervention in the neonatal period, but possible interactions between these substances are still unclear. The present study investigated the effect of caffeine and different glucocorticoids on expression of surfactant protein (SP)-B, crucial for the physiological function of pulmonary surfactant. We measured expression levels of SP-B, various SP-B transcription factors including erythroblastic leukemia viral oncogene homolog 4 (ErbB4) and thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1), as well as the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) after administering different doses of glucocorticoids, caffeine, cAMP, or the phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor rolipram in the human airway epithelial cell line NCI-H441. Administration of dexamethasone (1 µM) or caffeine (5 mM) stimulated SP-B mRNA expression with a maximal of 38.8±11.1-fold and 5.2±1.4-fold increase, respectively. Synergistic induction was achieved after co-administration of dexamethasone (1 mM) in combination with caffeine (10 mM) (206±59.7-fold increase, p<0.0001) or cAMP (1 mM) (213±111-fold increase, p = 0.0108). SP-B mRNA was synergistically induced also by administration of caffeine with hydrocortisone (87.9±39.0), prednisolone (154±66.8), and betamethasone (123±6.4). Rolipram also induced SP-B mRNA (64.9±21.0-fold increase). We detected a higher expression of ErbB4 and GR mRNA (7.0- and 1.7-fold increase, respectively), whereas TTF-1, Jun B, c-Jun, SP1, SP3, and HNF-3α mRNA expression was predominantly unchanged. In accordance with mRNA data, mature SP-B was induced significantly by dexamethasone with caffeine (13.8±9.0-fold increase, p = 0.0134). We found a synergistic upregulation of SP-B mRNA expression induced by co-administration of various glucocorticoids and caffeine, achieved by accumulation of intracellular cAMP. This effect was mediated by a caffeine-dependent phosphodiesterase inhibition and by upregulation of both ErbB4 and the GR. These results suggested that caffeine is able to induce the expression of SP-transcription factors and affects the signaling pathways of glucocorticoids, amplifying their effects. Co-administration of caffeine and corticosteroids may therefore be of benefit in surfactant homeostasis.
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(12):e51575. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Indian pediatrics 01/2012; 49(5). · 1.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Arterial oxygen saturation (SaO(2)) and partial arterial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO(2)) are important respiratory parameters in critically ill neonates. A sensor combining a pulse oximeter with the Stow-Severinghaus electrode, required for the measurement of peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO(2)) and transcutaneous partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PtcCO(2)), respectively, has been recently used in neonatal clinical practice (TOSCA(500Ò)Radiometer). We evaluated TOSCA usability and reliability in the delivery room (DR), throughout three different periods, on term, late-preterm, and preterm neonates. During the first period (period A), 30 healthy term neonates were simultaneously monitored with both TOSCA and a MASIMO pulse oximeter. During the second period (period B), 10 healthy late-preterm neonates were monitored with both TOSCA and a transcutaneous device measuring PtcCO(2) (TINA(Ò) TCM3, Radiometer). During the third period (period C), 15 preterm neonates were monitored with TOSCA and MASIMO after birth, during stabilization, and during transport to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Blood gas analyses were performed to compare transcutaneous and blood gas values. TOSCA resulted easily and safely usable in the DR, allowing reliable noninvasive SaO(2) estimation. Since PtcCO(2) measurements with TOSCA required at least 10 min to be stable and reliable, this parameter was not useful during the early resuscitation immediately after birth. Moreover, PtcCO(2) levels were less precise if compared to the conventional transcutaneous monitoring. However, PtcCO(2) measurement by TOSCA was useful as trend-monitoring after stabilization and during transport to NICU.
    Sensors 01/2012; 12(8):10980-9. · 2.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report the successful and safe use of levosimendan, a new calcium-sensitizing agent with positive inotropic and vasodilatory action, in 2 critically ill term newborns with acute heart failure and pulmonary hypertension in the absence of any underlying heart malformation and/or previous cardiosurgical procedures. During the neonatal period, levosimendan may represent an ideal drug for immature myocardium characterized by a higher calcium-dependent contractility than in adults.
    Neonatology 11/2011; 101(3):201-5. · 2.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) complicates the clinical course of preterm infants. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, especially Indomethacin and Ibuprofen, have been widely used for both prevention and treatment of PDA. Short-term efficacy of Indomethacin or Ibuprofen is equivalent, while Ibuprofen results show a higher safety profile. Ibuprofen is associated with fewer clinical gastrointestinal and renal side effects with respect to Indomethacin even if subclinical potential effects are reported. When administered as prophylaxis, Ibuprofen has no effects on prevention of intraventricular haemorrhage unlike Indomethacin. Considering the potential adverse effects of both these drugs, a careful monitoring during and after the treatment period is highly recommended.
    The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine: the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians 07/2011; 24 Suppl 3:10-3. · 1.36 Impact Factor
  • Infection 07/2011; 39(6):599-600. · 2.44 Impact Factor
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    The Indian Journal of Pediatrics 06/2011; 78(10):1296. · 0.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bariatric surgery has become a common therapeutic approach for severe obesity, in case of unsuccessful behavioural and/or medical interventions. During the past years, the number of obese women who underwent bariatric surgery in childbearing age has progressively increased. We report a case of vitamin K deficiency, due to maternal biliopancreatic diversion, resulting in a symptomatic clinical presentation in the mother and in a hypocoagulable state in her neonate.
    Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis: an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis 03/2011; 22(4):334-6. · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Drug-induced renal injury represents a frequent clinical entity. The most common drugs associated with acute tubular necrosis are aminoglycosides, amphotericin B, radiocontrast agents, and cyclosporine, but no data exist about the potential renal toxicity due to anthelmintics administration. Anthelmintics are commonly considered quite safe agents, and side effects such as gastrointestinal, neurologic, hematologic, or hepatic injury have been only rarely described. We report a 4-year-old boy with persistent massive proteinuria without any other symptoms/signs suggesting nephrotic syndrome (NS). The only relevant anamnestic data was the administration of pyrantel pamoate due to oxyuriasis 7 days before the proteinuria development. The patient was affected by NS diagnosed 6 months before and treated with a 12-week course of corticosteroids. During follow-up, carried out at 3 and 6 months after discharge, he did not show further episodes of proteinuria, and no clinical symptoms/signs suggesting a relapse of NS were ever detected. Considering that the proteinuria observed in our patient spontaneously disappeared after 10 days without any treatment, apart from the interruption of the anthelmintic therapy, we would like to alert pediatricians about the possible occurrence of anthelmintics-related renal complications especially among predisposed patients and to perform a watchful waiting not considering the presence of even massive proteinuria as a certain sign of NS relapse.
    Renal Failure 01/2011; 33(5):534-6. · 0.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present a five-year-old boy with an unremarkable medical history who was incidentally found to have bradycardia and electrocardiographic signs of right axial deviation. Initial echocardiogram showed left displacement of the cardiac apex with slight enlargement of the right ventricle, while frontal chest radiograph showed a lucent area between the aorta and pulmonary artery. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging finally revealed a partial left pericardial agenesis and abnormal displacement of the heart into the left hemithorax.
    The Turkish journal of pediatrics 01/2011; 53(5):583-5. · 0.56 Impact Factor