Elisa Maran

Università degli Studi di Trieste, Trst, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy

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Publications (3)5.19 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cytotoxic effects of aldicarb, its sulfone and sulfoxide, and propoxur, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant parameters in Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO-K1) cells were determined. D,L-buthionine-(S,R)-sulfoximine (BSO) was assayed to determine the role of GSH in the protection against carbamate cytotoxicity. Pre-treatment with 60 microM BSO, induced a significant decrease in the glutathione reductase (GR; 64-141%), the glutathione peroxidase (GPx; 10-30%) and the glutathione S-transferase (GST; 59-93%) activities, and its GSH levels (79-85%), while the oxidized glutathione (GSSG) levels significantly increased (64-78%) respect to experiment non-BSO-pretreated. Carbamates BSO pre-treated vs. non-BSO pre-treated showed a significant increase in malondialdehyde (MDA) production (from 13% to 52% vs. 25% to 93%). These data suggest that carbamates could injure CHO-K1 cells via oxidative stress by the increase of MDA production; moreover, BSO enhance the oxidative damage caused by carbamates. However, the glutathione system protects cells from carbamates damage.
    Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 03/2010; 48(6):1592-6. · 2.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of four carbamates, aldicarb and its metabolites (aldicarb sulfone and aldicarb sulfoxide) and propoxur on glutathione content and the activity of the enzymes involved in the sulfur-redox cycle in the mammalian cellular model CHO-K1 cells after 24-h exposure were determined. Carbamate exposure resulted in a depletion of intracellular reduced glutathione (GSH) content, no change was observed in oxidized glutathione (GSSG) and a decrease in GSH/GSSG ratio was detected. After carbamates exposition a GSH/GSSG decreases in ranged from 12.44% to 21.35% of control was observed. Depletion of GSH levels was accompanied by the induction of glutathione reductase (GR) after 24h exposure with each of the four carbamates to CHO-K1 cells. After aldicarb sulfone, aldicarb sulfoxide, and propoxur exposure, glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity increased in CHO-K1 cells by 198%, 32%, and 228% of control, respectively. After aldicarb sulfone and propoxur exposure, glutathione transferase (GST) activities increased by 49% and 230% of control, respectively. Due to the role played by GSH in preventing cytotoxicity via free-radical scavenging, results obtained suggest that high concentrations of aldicarb sulfone and propoxur closely resembling oxidative stress in CHO-K1 cells.
    Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 04/2008; 72(3):922-30. · 2.20 Impact Factor
  • Toxicology Letters - TOXICOL LETT. 01/2006; 164.