Chunyan Zhai

East China Normal University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (2)9.27 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Dauricine, a bioactive component of Asiatic Moonseed Rhizome, has been widely used to treat a large number of inflammatory diseases in traditional Chinese medicine. In our study, we demonstrated that dauricine inhibited colon cancer cell proliferation and invasion, and induced apoptosis by suppressing nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Addition of dauricine inhibited the phosphorylation and degradation of IkappaBalpha, and the phosphorylation and translocation of p65. Moreover, dauricine down-regulated the expression of various NF-kappaB-regulated genes, including genes involved cell proliferation (cyclinD1, COX2, and c-Myc), anti-apoptosis (survivin, Bcl-2, XIAP, and IAP1), invasion (MMP-9 and ICAM-1), and angiogenesis (VEGF). In athymic nu/nu mouse model, we further demonstrated that dauricine significantly suppressed colonic tumor growth. Taken together, our results demonstrated that dauricine inhibited colon cancer cell proliferation, invasion, and induced cell apoptosis by suppressing NF-kappaB activity and the expression profile of its downstream genes. These findings provide evidence for a novel role of dauricine in preventing or treating colon cancer through modulation of NF-kappaB singling pathway.
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 10/2010; 225(1):266-75. DOI:10.1002/jcp.22261 · 3.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) has been used to treat certain tumors in clinic trials. However, the curative effect of TNFalpha has been undermined by the induced-NF-kappaB activation in many types of tumor. Maslinic acid (MA), a pharmacological safe natural product, has been known for its important effects as anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-viral activities. The aim of this study was to determine whether MA potentiates the anti-tumor activity of TNFalpha though the regulation of NF-kappaB activation. In this study, we demonstrate that MA significantly enhanced TNFalpha-induced inhibition of pancreatic cancer cell proliferation, invasion, and potentiated TNFalpha-induced cell apoptosis by suppressing TNFalpha-induced NF-kappaB activation in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Addition of MA inhibited TNFalpha-induced IkappaBalpha degradation, p65 phosphorylation, and nuclear translocation. Furthermore, MA decreased the expression levels of NF-kappaB-regulated genes, including genes involved in tumor cell proliferation (Cyclin D1, COX-2 and c-Myc), apoptosis (Survivin, Bcl-2, Bcl-xl, XIAP, IAP-1), invasion (MMP-9 and ICAM-1), and angiogenesis (VEGF). In athymic nu/nu mouse model, we further demonstrated that MA significantly suppressed pancreatic tumor growth, induced tumor apoptosis, and inhibited NF-kappaB-regulated anti-apoptotic gene expression, such as Survivin and Bcl-xl. Our data demonstrate that MA can potentiate the anti-tumor activities of TNFalpha and inhibit pancreatic tumor growth and invasion by activating caspase-dependent apoptotic pathway and by suppressing NF-kappaB activation and its downstream gene expression. Therefore, MA together with TNFalpha could be new promising agents in the treatment of pancreatic cancer.
    Molecular Cancer 04/2010; 9:73. DOI:10.1186/1476-4598-9-73 · 5.40 Impact Factor
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