ABSTRACT: We report the first synthesis of GaAs nanowires (NWs) by Au-assisted vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) growth in the novel hydride vapor phase epitaxy (HVPE) environment. Forty micrometer long rodlike <111> monocrystalline GaAs nanowires exhibiting a cubic zinc blende structure were grown in 15 min with a mean density of 10(6) cm(-2). The synthesis of such long figures in such a short duration could be explained by the growth physics of near-equilibrium HVPE. VLS-HVPE is mainly based on solidification after direct and continuous feeding of the arsenious and GaCl growth precursors through the Au-Ga liquid catalyst. Fast solidification (170 microm/h) is then assisted by the high decomposition frequency of GaCl. This predominant feeding through the liquid-solid interface with no mass and kinetic hindrance favors axial rather than radial growth, leading to twin-free nanowires with a constant cylinder shape over unusual length. The achievement of GaAs NWs several tens of micrometers long showing a high surface to volume ratio may open the field of III-V wires, as already addressed with ultralong Si nanowires.
Nano Letters 04/2010; 10(5):1836-41. · 13.20 Impact Factor