[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We evaluated the efficacy and safety of bolus 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and leucovorin combined with weekly paclitaxel (FLTAX) in advanced gastric cancer (GC) patients.
Patients with untreated stage IV GC received paclitaxel 80 mg/m(2) as a 1-hour infusion, followed by 5-FU 600 mg/m(2) as a bolus infusion and L-leucovorin 250 mg/m(2) as a 2-hour infusion on days 1, 8 and 15. Treatment cycles were repeated every 28 days. The primary endpoint was response rate.
Thirty-five patients were enrolled. The median age was 62 years (range 34-75). Twenty-one patients (60%) had diffuse-type cancer and 11 had peritoneal metastasis. The confirmed response rate was 43% (95% CI 26-61) with 15 partial responses. Stable disease was observed in 16 (46%) patients. Median progression-free survival and overall survival were 6.8 months (95% CI 5.8-7.4) and 16.2 months (95% CI 10.0-22.8), respectively. Grade 3-4 adverse events were: neutropenia (54%), febrile neutropenia (3%), diarrhea (6%) and sensory neuropathy (11%).
FLTAX showed a desirable safety profile, and the efficacy against advanced GC was encouraging. FLTAX may be a good option for GC patients with deteriorated general condition, and a randomized clinical trial in such patients is currently underway.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Infusional 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin with oxaliplatin is one of the standard regimens for patients with pretreated metastatic colorectal cancer, as well as for first-line chemotherapy. FOLFOX4 has shown its efficacy in pivotal trials, but patients must make twice-weekly hospital visits. FOLFOX6 is a more convenient regimen, requiring a visit once every two weeks. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety profile of FOLFOX6 in Japanese patients with pretreated colorectal cancer.
Fifty-one metastatic colorectal cancer patients who failed to respond to first-line chemotherapy were enrolled in the study from April to July 2005. Oxaliplatin, 5-fluorouracil and l-leucovorin were administered every two weeks. Oxaliplatin (100 mg/m(2)) and l-leucovorin (200 mg/m(2)) were given intravenously over 2 h followed by 5-fluorouracil bolus 400 mg/m(2) i.v. and 46-h infusion of 2400 mg/m(2). The primary endpoint was the response rate.
Two patients had no measurable lesions and were excluded from the efficacy analysis. Of the 49 eligible patients, one complete response and 6 partial responses were observed, resulting in a response rate (RR) of 14.3% (95% confidence interval: 5.9-27.2%). Median time to treatment failure and progression-free survival was 4.4 and 5.3 months, respectively. Overall survival was 11.4 months. The incidence of grade 2/3 (Debiopharm neurotoxicity criteria) peripheral neuropathy was 41.2%, whereas the overall incidence of grade 3/4 neutropenia was 43.2%.
The results of our study suggest that FOLFOX6 had an acceptable profile in terms of both efficacy and safety in previously treated colorectal cancer patients.
Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 01/2011; 41(1):63-8. DOI:10.1093/jjco/hyq158 · 2.02 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although the risk of oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy depends on cumulative oxaliplatin dose, susceptibility to this adverse event differs greatly among patients. In this study, we investigated the associations between oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy and the following polymorphisms: glutathione S-transferase pi (GSTP1) Ile(105)Val, and glyoxylate aminotransferase (AGXT) Pro(11)Leu and AGXT Ile(340)Met.
Eighty-two Japanese patients with histologically confirmed colorectal cancer who received at least six cycles of the modified FOLFOX6 (m-FOLFOX6) regimen were enrolled. To minimize differences in cumulative oxaliplatin dose between patients, oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy was evaluated using an oxaliplatin-specific scale during the 2-week period after completion of the sixth cycle of treatment.
Forty-four patients developed grade 2/3 oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy. There were more patients carrying at least one GSTP1(105)Val allele among the group with grade 2/3 neuropathy (18/44, 41%) than among the group with grade 1 neuropathy (9/38, 24%), although the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.098). There were similar numbers of patients carrying at least one AGXT(105)Met allele in the grade 2/3 neuropathy (7/44, 16%) and grade 1 neuropathy groups (5/38, 13%; P=0.725). The AGXT(11)Leu allele was not found in any of our patients or controls.
We found no significant association between oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy and the GSTP1 Ile(105)Val and AGXT Ile(340)Met polymorphisms. Given that no AGXT(11)Leu allele was found among our study population (n=177), evaluating this polymorphism in Japanese patients in future studies is likely to be uninformative.