Publications (2)0 Total impact
Article: [Effects of human tissue kallikrein gene delivery on the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells].[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Tissue kallikrein cleaves kininogen substrate to produce vasoactive kinin peptides that have been implicated in the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells. We investigated the effects of adenovirus-mediated human tissue kallikrein (Ad-hKLK1) gene delivery on the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells of SHR (VSMCs(SHR)) induced by platelet derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB). Primary VSMCs(SHR) were isolated and cultured from thoracic aorta of male SHR. The VSMCs(SHR) proliferation induced by PDGF-BB was accessed by cell counting and methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT). Western blot was used to determine the protein expression of hKLK1, the cycle-independent kinase inhibitors p27(Kip1) and p21(Cip1). The mRNA expressions of bradykinin B1 receptor and B2 receptor were detected by RT-PCR in VSMCs(SHR). Proliferation of VSMCs(SHR) induced by PDGF-BB was significantly inhibited post transfection of Ad-hKLK1 (20-100 MOI) in a MOI-dependent manner. The peak inhibition titer of Ad-hKLK1 was 100 MOI with peak inhibition rate of 39.3% (cell counting, n = 3, P < 0.01), 30.2% (MTT, n = 3, P < 0.01) and 36.4% (peak stunning rate of cell-cycle in phase G(0)/G(1)). The inhibitory effects of proliferation and cell-cycle caused by hKLK1 gene delivery could be abolished by Hoe140, a bradykinin B2 receptor antagonist. The protein expression of p27(Kip1) and p21(Cip1) increased significantly after the hKLK1 gene delivery, whereas Hoe140 nearly completely blocked these effects (n = 3, P < 0.001, respectively). PDGF-BB also significantly upregulated the mRNA expression of B2 receptor but not B1 receptor in VSMCs(SHR). The hKLK1 gene delivery could inhibit PDGF-BB induced proliferation in VSMCs(SHR) through Bradykinin B2 receptor and up-regulate expression of p27(Kip1) and p2l(Cip1).Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 08/2010; 38(8):739-44.
Article: [Effects of human tissue kallikrein 1 gene delivery on carotid artery neointima formation after balloon angioplasty in spontaneously hypertensive rats].[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of human tissue kallikrein 1(Ad-hKLK1) gene delivery on the neointima formation in carotid arteries of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Carotid artery restenosis was induced in male SHR rats by balloon-injury. Rats were randomly assigned into 4 groups: Sham-operated (n = 6); Angioplasty (phosphate buffered solution 50 microl, n = 8); Vector virus (control virus, 1 x 10(9) IU in 50 microl, n = 8) and Ad-hKLK1(Ad-hKLK1, 1 x 10(9) IU in 50 microl, n = 8). Rats were sacrificed 4 weeks later. The wall-to-lumen area ratio and intima/media ratio in carotid artery were assessed by image analysis in HE stained sections. The mRNA bradykinin receptor (B1R and B2R) expressions were detected by RT-PCR. The protein expression of the cycle-independent kinase inhibitors p27Kip1 and p2lCip1 were determined by Western blot analysis. Wall-to-lumen area ratio reduced 35.6% and intima/media ratio reduced 38.8%in Ad-hKLK1 treated SHRs compared to angioplasty group (all P < 0.001). The expression of p27Kip1 and p2lCip1 increased significantly in Ad-hKLK1 treated SHRs compared with angioplasty rats (all P < 0.001). The mRNA expression of B2R was significantly upregulated in angioplasty rats compared with sham-operated rats (P < 0.05) while mRNA expression of B1R was similar between the 2 groups. hKLK1 gene delivery may effectively reduce neointimal formation via downregulating bradykinin B2R and up-regulating the expressions of p27Kip1, p2lCip1 signaling pathways in carotid arteries of SHRs after balloon injury.Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 01/2010; 38(1):67-71.