[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Based on the theory of constitution of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), the human population is divided into nine constitutions including one balanced constitution (Normality) and eight unbalanced constitutions (Yang-deficiency, Yin-deficiency, Phlegm-wetness, Qi-deficiency, Wetness-heat, Blood stasis, Depressed constitution, and Inherited special constitution). Different constitutions have specific metabolic features and different susceptibility to certain diseases. However, whether a genetic basis accounts for such constitution classification is yet to be determined. Here we performed a genetic study to assess the association between genetic variations of metabolic genes including PPARD, PPARG and APM1 and the constitutions. A total of 233 individuals of the Han population in China were classified into four groups, Normality, Yang-deficiency, Yin-deficiency and Phlegm-wetness with whom 23 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the three genes were genotyped using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method. Biased distribution of PPARD rs2267669 and rs2076167, APM1 rs7627128 and rs1063539 in Yang-deficiency, PPARG Pro12Ala in Yin-deficiency and PPARD rs2076167, APM1 rs266729 and rs7627128 in Phlegm-wetness were observed. The frequencies of Haplotype13 (Hap13) of PPARG in Yin-deficiency, Hap25 of APM1 in Yang-deficiency and Hap2 of PPARD and Hap14 of PPARG in Phlegm-wetness, were significantly different from those in Normality, suggesting those might be group-associated haplotypes. These results suggested that single SNP and haplotypes of PPARD, PPARG and APM1 may underlie the genetic basis of the constitutions classified in TCM.
Journal of Genetics and Genomics 06/2010; 37(6):371-9. · 2.08 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation of synovium and subsequent joint destruction. Recently, genetic polymorphisms within the toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) genes have been reported to be associated with RA. To analyze the association between the genetic polymorphisms within TLR4 gene and the susceptibility to RA in Chinese people, two functional variants, Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile, in the TLR4 gene were genotyped using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) and direct sequencing techniques from 213 RA patients and 247 ethnically matched controls. None polymorphisms of Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile were detected in all RA cases and controls, which indicates that there is no relevance between these two SNPs and RA in the Chinese Han population. Further studies with extended single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) should be performed.
Rheumatology International 03/2010; 30(9):1249-52. · 2.21 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) polymorphisms, Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile, were investigated with PCR-RFLP and DNA sequencing methods in 938 and 980 individuals from the Yunnan Hani ethnic minority and the majority Han population, respectively. Six heterozygotes for both Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile were detected in the Hani, a polymorphism frequency of 0.6397%, whereas no variants were found amongst the Han.
International Journal of Immunogenetics 09/2009; 37(1):43-6. · 1.36 Impact Factor