Publications (2)4 Total impact
Article: Emerging mass spectrometry-based technologies for analyses of chromatin changes: analysis of histones and histone modifications.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Mass spectrometry (MS) is rapidly becoming an indispensable tool for the analysis of posttranslational modifications (PTMs) of proteins, and particularly histone PTMs that regulate physiological processes. The more traditional bottom-up approach of searching for modifications on peptides rather than intact proteins (top-down) has proven useful for finding phosphorylation, acetylation, and ubiquitination sites. With the use of modern instrumentation and various MS-based techniques, peptides and their PTMs can be characterized in a high-throughput manner while still maintaining high sensitivity and specificity. In complement to bottom-up MS, recent advances in MS technology, such as high-field Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FTICR)-mass spectrometry, have permitted the study of intact proteins and their modifications. On-line and off-line protein separation instruments coupled to FTICR-MS allow the characterization of PTMs previously undetectable with bottom-up approaches. The use of unique fragmentation techniques in FTICR-MS provides a viable option for the study of labile modifications. In this chapter, we provide a detailed description of the analytical tools - mass spectrometry in particular - that are used to characterize modifications on peptides and proteins. We also examine the applicability of these mass spectrometric techniques to the study of PTMs on histones via both the bottom-up and top-down proteomics approaches.Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.) 01/2011; 773:259-303.
Article: Towards the development of an immuno MALDI (iMALDI) mass spectrometry assay for the diagnosis of hypertension.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) plays an essential role in the regulation of plasma volume and arterial blood pressure. One of the most common diseases of the RAAS is the autonomous production of aldosterone by the adrenal glands, caused by either bilateral adrenal hyperplasia or an aldosterone-producing adenoma. This condition, known as primary aldosteronism, is a treatable and often curable form of hypertension. The measurement of plasma renin activity (PRA), as determined by radioimmunoassay for angiotensin I is essential to the diagnosis of primary aldosteronism. However, accurate determination of PRA is often hampered by low plasma concentrations of angiotensin I. Here, we report the use of immuno-MALDI (iMALDI) as a highly sensitive and specific method for the absolute quantitation of angiotensin I in plasma. iMALDI permits concentration determination by affinity-capture of angiotensin I and a stable-isotopically labeled standard (SIS) peptide on immobilized anti-peptide antibodies. The affinity beads are placed on the MALDI target, permitting automated analysis of large numbers of patient samples. Pretreatment of the plasma is not required, and this method is suitable for the accurate determination of angiotensin I in whole plasma. The calibration curve generated using this method was linear over a 50-fold concentration range in plasma, with a correlation coefficient of 0.984. MS/MS sequence confirmation provides absolute specificity. The iMALDI angiotensin I assay, therefore, has the potential to be developed into a method for determining PRA that has advantages in time, in specificity, and in safety.Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry 02/2010; 21(10):1680-6. · 4.00 Impact Factor