[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes, which play a central role in activating and detoxifying many carcinogens and endogenous compounds thought to be involved in the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). The CYP1A2*C (rs2069514) and CYP1A2*F (rs762551) polymorphism are two of the most commonly studied polymorphisms of the gene for their association with risk of CRC, but the results are conflicting. To derive a more precise estimation of the relationship between CYP1A2 and genetic risk of CRC, we performed a comprehensive meta-analysis which included 7088 cases and 7568 controls from 12 published case-control studies. In a combined analysis, the summary per-allele odds ratio for CRC was 0.91 (95% CI: 0.83-1.00, P = 0.04), and 0.91 (95% CI: 0.68-1.22, P = 0.53), for CYP1A2 *F and *C allele, respectively. In the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, significant associations were found in Asians for CYP1A2*F and CYP1A2*C, while no significant associations were detected among Caucasian populations. Similar results were also observed using dominant genetic model. Potential sources of heterogeneity were explored by subgroup analysis and meta-regression. No significant heterogeneity was detected in most of comparisons. This meta-analysis suggests that the CYP1A2 *F and *C polymorphism is a protective factor against CRC among Asians.
PLoS ONE 08/2013; 8(8):e71481. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0071481 · 3.23 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To demonstrate the expression of proteolysis induce factor(PIF) in the gastrointestinal(GI) cancer cachexia patients and evaluate its role in cancer cachexia.
Examination of PIF was performed in urine samples from 28 GI cancer cachexia patients, 13 GI cancer patients without cachexia, and 12 weight loss patients with benign disease. PIF was added to the mice cultured C2C12 muscle cells, then the protein kinase B(Akt) phosphorylation and morphological change were measured.
The positive rate of PIF in urine of 28 cancer cachexia patients was 53.6%(15/28). In the other two groups, no positive result was detected. PIF could successfully induce Akt phosphorylation, cell atrophy, metamorphosis, and death. The peak of this phosphorylation could be detected after half an hour of the initiation of PIF at a concentration of 4 nmol/L.
PIF is specifically and highly expressed in GI cancer cachexia patients' urine. PIF can induce cancer cachexia possibly by activating Akt phosphorylation and inducing downstream proteolysis.
Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery 12/2012; 15(12):1287-90.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To gain insight into the role of gene expression alterations in breast cancer progression, we conducted a comprehensive gene expression analysis of a series of cell lines derived from MCF10A, which include benign MCF10A cells, premalignant AT, and malignant CA1a tumor cells. We analyzed gene expression variation using the Agilent Human Genome Oligo Microarray with the goal of identifying gene-specific expression change events. In addition to a previously noted overexpression in oncogene MDM2, HRAS, and PCNA, our studies identified overexpression of Wnt signaling pathway in malignant breast cell lines. The Kaplan-Meier plot showed that high c-Myc expression in breast cancer was associated with tumor progression and the patient's poor survival. This study showed that the Wnt pathway has further provided a basis for the development of potential biomarker for breast cancer prognosis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pyruvate kinase type M2 (PKM2) has been reported to be involved in aerobic glycolysis and cell growth in various tumors. However, the expression pattern of PKM2 in colorectal cancer (CRC) and the correlation between PKM2 expression and CRC remains unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate PKM2 expression and its possible role in CRC. We found that expression of PKM2 was increased in CRC and the increased PKM2 expression was associated with later stage and lymph metastasis of the tumors. Knockdown of PKM2 suppressed the aerobic glycolysis and decreased lactate production of colon cancer RKO cells. Knockdown of PKM2 repressed proliferation and migration of the cells. Inhibition of PKM2 suppressed xenograft tumor growth of RKO cells in vivo. These results suggest that the expression of PKM2 plays a critical role in development of CRC, and it may provide a growth advantage for colon cancer cells. Thus, PKM2 might be a potential therapeutic target for CRC.
International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Life 09/2012; 64(9):775-82. DOI:10.1002/iub.1066 · 3.14 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Increased production of hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) protein has been demonstrated to be the major cause behind enhanced lipolysis in cancer cachexia. The mechanism governing this alteration is unknown and was presently investigated. This study was conducted to detect the expression of relevant receptors in the adipocytes of cancer cachexia patients, and to elucidate their implication in the increased lipolysis. Gene expressions of beta1-adrenoceptor (ADRB1), beta2-adrenoceptor (ADRB2), beta3-adrenoceptor (ADRB3), alpha2C-adrenoceptor (ADRA2C), natriuretic peptide receptor A (NPRA), insulin receptor (INSR), and HSL were determined in adipose tissues of 34 patients by real-time PCR. Protein levels of ADRB1 and HSL were determined by western blot analysis. beta1-Adrenoceptor (ADRB1) was also detected by immunofluorescence staining. mRNA expressions of both ADRB1 and HSL were approximately 50% elevated selectively in the cachexia group, whereas mRNA levels of the other receptors were unchanged. beta1-Adrenoceptor (ADRB1) protein expression was 1.5-fold increased in cachexia as compared with the cancer controls, and 3-fold increased as compared with nonmalignant controls, and was confirmed as a membrane protein in adipocytes by immunofluorescence. Hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) protein expression was 2-2.5-fold increased selectively in cachectic patients. There was a positive correlation between the protein expressions of ADRB1 and HSL. As much as approximately 50% of the variations in HSL protein expression could be explained by variations in ADRB1 protein expression. There was a link between ADRB1 protein level and lipolytic rate. Increased ADRB1 expression may account for some of the functional changes of HSL in patients with cancer cachexia.
Cancer Science 07/2010; 101(7):1639-45. DOI:10.1111/j.1349-7006.2010.01582.x · 3.52 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To describe the imaging features of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) at initial presentation with clinical, surgical, and pathologic correlation, and to evaluate values of various techniques in GISTs.
This retrospective study recruited 70 patients with histologically proved GISTs between December 2004, and May 2009 in the Department of General Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan Univeristy, Shanghai, China. Each patient underwent CT scanning, 39 patients underwent simultaneous endoscopy, 12 patients underwent endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), and 36 patients underwent transabdominal ultrasonography (TAUS) simultaneously. Features of GISTs were assessed.
Computerized tomography findings showed an eccentric mass in 44 patients, an intraluminal component in 24, and a transmural distribution in 2. Forty-two tumors were dumbbell-shaped, 2 were round, while 26 were irregular. Forty-three tumors presented with well-defined masses, while 27 with unclear borders. The arterial phase attenuation showed the continuous enhancement. The portal-venous phase attenuation was heterogeneous in 26 and homogeneous in the other 44. There was a significant correlation between certain CT features and tumor risk stratification. Gastrointestinal stromal tumors were characterized by a smooth shape and normal overlying mucosa in endoscopy, hypoechoic, and solid in TAUS.
Imaging examinations are pivotal in the management of GISTs. The CT scan is valuable in the diagnosis, staging, and treatment planning of GISTs. Endoscopy and EUS contribute to the detection of mucosal lesions. Other methods including TAUS, fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography, CT gastrography, and MRI help in specific cases.
Saudi medical journal 03/2010; 31(3):262-9. · 0.59 Impact Factor