ABSTRACT: Inward rectifier currents based on K(IR)2.x subunits are regarded as essential components for establishing a stable and negative resting membrane potential in many excitable cell types. Pharmacological inhibition, null mutation in mice and dominant positive and negative mutations in patients reveal some of the important functions of these channels in their native tissues. Here we review the complex mammalian expression pattern of K(IR)2.x subunits and relate these to the outcomes of functional inhibition of the resultant channels. Correlations between expression and function in muscle and bone tissue are observed, while we recognize a discrepancy between neuronal expression and function.
Acta Physiologica 03/2010; 199(3):243-56. · 3.09 Impact Factor