ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of 64-slice multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) with conventional coronary angiography to detect graft patency and stenosis. METHODS: In this retrospective analysis, we included a total of 284 subjects (210 men, 73.9%; mean ± SD age, 62.6 ± 9.9) and evaluated 684 bypass grafts using a dual-source 64-slice MDCT scanner The mean ± SD time interval between coronary artery bypass grafting operation and MDCT was 30.8 ± 6.2 months. The mean ± SD interval between MDCT angiography and conventional coronary angiography was 14.2 ± 3.6 days. Significant stenosis was defined as lesions causing 50% or greater luminal narrowing. All atherosclerotic lesion components were assessed on per-segment basis. RESULTS: All of the 684 grafts (420 venous and 264 arterial grafts) were evaluable and included in the analysis. For the detection of 50% or greater graft stenosis, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of MDCT was 98.3%, 99.3%, 98.3%, and 99.3% for venous grafts and 100%, 99.5%, 98.0%, and 100% for arterial grafts. In detection of graft patency, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of MDCT was 99.6%, 97.2%, 99.0%, and 99.0% for venous grafts and 99.5%, 97.5%, 99.5%, and 97.5% for arterial grafts. Diagnostic accuracy for the detection of graft patency was 99% (416/420) and 99.2% (262/264) for venous and arterial grafts, respectively. CONCLUSION: The diagnostic accuracy of dual-source 64-slice MDCT angiography for evaluating coronary artery bypass grafts patency and stenosis was high. Dual-source 64-slice MDCT can be used for the evaluation of patients after coronary artery bypass grafting.
Journal of Investigative Medicine 10/2012; · 1.96 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: In this study, we investigated the association between cardiovascular (CV) risk factors and coronary atherosclerotic plaque (CAP) burden/subtypes shown by multidetector computed tomography in symptomatic patients free of known coronary artery disease (CAD).
In 662 consecutive outpatients (56.9±10.7 years, 50.8% men) without known CAD, 64-slice multidetector computed tomography coronary angiography was performed for detection of CAD. Risk estimation for CV outcomes was assessed using the Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) and the Framingham Risk Score (FRS). Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association of CV risk factors with the prevalence/extent of CAP.
CAP was detected in 318 (48.0%) individuals. Male sex, older age, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking, and dyslipidemia all increased the likelihood of the presence of CAP in univariate analysis (P<0.001). Older age, male sex, dyslipidemia, and diabetes mellitus independently increased the likelihood of the presence of CAP in multivariate analysis (P<0.005). Multinominal logistic regression analysis showed an association with older age, male sex, dyslipidemia, and smoking for noncalcified plaques; with older age, male sex, diabetes, and dyslipidemia for mixed plaques; and with older age and male sex for calcified plaque. Patients with low FRS and SCORE showed a large number of CAPs (33.8 and 40.4%), although CAP was more prevalent in the high-risk groups (67 and 78%, respectively).
CV risk stratification using only risk factor-based scores is a weak discriminator of the overall CAP burden in individual patients. Many patients with low FRS or SCORE with substantial CAP might be undertreated or not treated at all.
Coronary artery disease 02/2012; 23(3):195-200. · 1.56 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the incidence of pulmonary abnormalities and document early follow-up results in subjects undergoing multislice computed tomography coronary angiography for the assessment of coronary artery disease.
In this retrospective analysis, 1206 patients including 701 men (58.1%) with a mean age of 58.75 (SD, 11.4) years were involved in the study who underwent coronary multislice computed tomography imaging with a 64-slice dual-source scanner. Pulmonary abnormalities were reported as nodules, pulmonary mass, emphysema, bullae, atelectasia, bronchiectasia, pleural effusion, pulmonary fibrosis, and other findings.
In total, 186 pulmonary abnormalities were detected in 171 patients (14.1%). Of those, 90 (48.4%) were pulmonary nodules, and 30 (16.1%) were emphysema. Also, we report 3 cases of lung cancer, and 1 case of breast cancer. Early follow-up results revealed stable pulmonary findings.
Multislice computed tomography can give important clues including diseases regarding the pulmonary system. It is essential for the reporting practitioner to review the entire scan for pulmonary pathological findings.
Journal of computer assisted tomography 02/2010; 34(2):296-301. · 1.38 Impact Factor