Sukhjeevan Doyle

Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States

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Publications (3)16.21 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The level and integrity of glutamate transmission during critical periods of postnatal development plays an important role in the refinement of pyramidal neuron dendritic arbor, synaptic plasticity, and cognition. Presently, it is not clear how excitatory transmission via the two predominant isoforms of the vesicular glutamate transporter (VGLUT1 and VGLUT2) participate in this process. To assess a neurodevelopmental role for VGLUT2 in pyramidal neuron maturation, we generated recombinant VGLUT2 knock-out mice and inactivated VGLUT2 throughout development using Emx1-Cre(+/+) knock-in mice. We show that VGLUT2 deficiency in corticolimbic circuits results in reduced evoked glutamate transmission, release probability, and LTD at hippocampal CA3-CA1 synapses during a formative developmental period (postnatal days 11-14). In adults, we find a marked reduction in the amount of dendritic arbor across the span of the dendritic tree of CA1 pyramidal neurons and reduced long-term potentiation and levels of synaptic markers spinophilin and VGLUT1. Loss of dendritic arbor is accompanied by corresponding reductions in the number of dendritic spines, suggesting widespread alterations in synaptic connectivity. Conditional VGLUT2 knock-out mice exhibit increased open-field exploratory activity yet impaired spatial learning and memory, endophenotypes similar to those of NMDA receptor knock-down mice. Remarkably, the impairment in learning can be partially restored by selectively increasing NMDA receptor-mediated glutamate transmission in adult mice by prolonged treatment with d-serine and a d-amino acid oxidase inhibitor. Our data indicate that VGLUT2 expression is pivotal to the proper development of mature pyramidal neuronal architecture and plasticity, and that such glutamatergic deficiency leads to cognitive malfunction as observed in several neurodevelopmental psychiatric disorders.
    Journal of Neuroscience 11/2012; 32(45):15886-901. · 6.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Homeostatic scaling of glutamatergic and GABAergic transmission is triggered by prolonged alterations in synaptic neuronal activity. We have previously described a presynaptic mechanism for synaptic homeostasis and plasticity that involves scaling the level of vesicular glutamate (VGLUT1) and GABA (VGAT/VIAAT) transporter biosynthesis. These molecular determinants of vesicle filling, and quantal size, are regulated by neuronal activity in an opposite manner, and bi-directionally. Here, we report that a striking induction of VGLUT2 mRNA and synaptic protein is triggered by a prolonged increase in glutamatergic synaptic activity in mature neocortical neuronal networks together with two determinants of inhibitory synaptic strength, the neuronal activity-regulated pentraxin (Narp) and glutamate decarboxylase (GAD65). Activity-dependent induction of VGLUT2 and Narp exhibits a similar intermediate-early response that is blocked by actinomycin D and tetrodotoxin, by inhibitors of ionotropic glutamate receptors (AP5 + NBQX) and L-type voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCC), and is dependent on downstream signaling via calmodulin (CaM), calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (CaMK), and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2). Excitation-transcription (E-T) coupling of VGLUT2 and Narp triggered by prolonged GABAA-receptor blockade is independent of BDNF and TrkB receptor signaling. VGLUT2 protein induction occurs on a subset of cortically-derived synaptic vesicles in excitatory synapses that are abundant on somata and dendritic processes of multipolar GABAergic interneurons; recognized sites for the clustering of AMPA glutamate receptors by Narp. We propose a role for E-T coupling and Ca2+-signal transcription via Cam/ERK signaling in the coordinate induction of VGLUT2 and Narp by prolonged hyperactivity and for VGLUT2-operated excitatory synapses that target GABAergic inhibitory feedback neurons in molecular mechanisms of homeostatic plasticity.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 03/2010; · 4.65 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Homeostatic scaling of glutamatergic and GABAergic transmission is triggered by prolonged alterations in synaptic neuronal activity. We have previously described a presynaptic mechanism for synaptic homeostasis and plasticity that involves scaling the level of vesicular glutamate (VGLUT1) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) (VGAT) transporter biosynthesis. These molecular determinants of vesicle filling and quantal size are regulated by neuronal activity in an opposite manner and bi-directionally. Here, we report that a striking induction of VGLUT2 mRNA and synaptic protein is triggered by a prolonged increase in glutamatergic synaptic activity in mature neocortical neuronal networks in vitro together with two determinants of inhibitory synaptic strength, the neuronal activity-regulated pentraxin (Narp), and glutamate decarboxylase (GAD65). Activity-dependent induction of VGLUT2 and Narp exhibits a similar intermediate-early gene response that is blocked by actinomycin D and tetrodotoxin, by inhibitors of ionotropic glutamate receptors and L-type voltage-gated calcium channels, and is dependent on downstream signaling via calmodulin, calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (CaMK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2). The co-induction of VGLUT2 and Narp triggered by prolonged gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptor blockade is independent of brain-derived nerve growth factor and TrkB receptor signaling. VGLUT2 protein induction occurs on a subset of cortically derived synaptic vesicles in excitatory synapses on somata and dendritic processes of multipolar GABAergic interneurons, recognized sites for the clustering of alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate glutamate receptors by Narp. We propose that VGLUT2 and Narp induction by excitation-transcription coupling leads to increased glutamatergic transmission at synapses on GABAergic inhibitory feedback neurons as part of a coordinated program of Ca(2+)-signal transcription involved in mechanisms of homeostatic plasticity after prolonged hyperactivity.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 03/2010; 285(19):14366-76. · 4.65 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

16 Citations
10 Downloads
154 Views
16.21 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012
    • Tulane University
      • Department of Cell and Molecular Biology
      New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
  • 2010–2012
    • Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center New Orleans
      • Center for Neuroscience
      New Orleans, Louisiana, United States