[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mesenteric panniculitis is a rare chronic fibrosing inflammatory disease that typically affects the adipose tissue and mesentery of the small intestine but may also affect the mesosigmoid and the mesocolon. The pathology of this disease remains unclear despite association with some malignancies or inflammatory disorders. We report a case of mesocolic panniculitis and a literature review of its clinical presentation, imaging findings, associated conditions and treatment options.
A 64 year-old Caucasian man was admitted to the gastroenterology department for severe weakness, left lower quadrant abdominal pain, weight loss and diarrhoea. Physical examination revealed a palpable firm mass occupying the entire left part of the abdomen. Abdominal CT-scan showed fatty infiltration of the mesosigmoid and left mesocolic fat which was strongly suggestive of panniculitis. Laparoscopic surgery revealed an inflamed and edematous mesocolon and mesosigmoid; the sigmoid mucosa appeared petechial which was suggestive of venous ischemia. Histological examination of surgical biopsies revealed mesocolic panniculitis. Despite exhaustive investigation, no associated conditions were found and the cause was classified as idiopathic. Surprisingly, the patient clinically improved without therapeutic intervention other than supportive care.
Although mesenteric panniculitis is most often a radiographic diagnosis without clinical symptomatology, it can also present with significant general status alteration. We report a case of mesocolic panniculitis complicated by development of an inflammatory mass associated with ischemic colitis. Mesenteric panniculitis is a difficult diagnosis to make which typically requires histologic confirmation. The overall prognosis is good with supportive treatment.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recent developments in therapeutic endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) have enabled new approaches to the management of refractory gastrointestinal bleeding, including EUS-guided sclerotherapy and vessel embolization. Few cases have been reported in the literature. Eight patients were admitted for severe, refractory gastrointestinal bleeding, seven of whom were actively bleeding. Causes of bleeding were gastric varices secondary to portal hypertension (n = 3); gastroduodenal artery aneurysm or fundal aneurysmal arterial malformation (n = 3); and Dieulafoy's ulcer (n = 2); the latter five patients having arterial bleeding. During the procedures, the bleeding vessel was punctured with a 19-gauge needle then injected with a sclerosing agent (cyanoacrylate glue [n = 6] or polidocanol 2 % [n = 2]) under Doppler control. The median follow-up time was 9 months (3 - 18 months). In all 10 endoscopic procedures were performed. The procedure was successful at the first attempt in seven out of eight patients (87.5 %). No clinical complications were observed, although in one case there was diffusion of cyanoacrylate in the hepatic artery. The seven successful cases all showed immediate and complete disappearance of the Doppler flow signal at the end of the procedure. This retrospective study highlights the utility of EUS-guided vascular therapy. However, more large randomized studies should be conducted to confirm these results.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Treatment of anastomotic fistulas after bariatric surgery is difficult, and they are often associated with additional surgery, sepsis, and prolonged non-oral feeding.
To assess a new, totally endoscopic strategy to manage anastomotic fistulas.
Tertiary-care university hospital.
This study involved 27 consecutive patients from July 2007 to December 2009.
This strategy involved successive procedures for endoscopic drainage of the residual cavity, diversion of the fistula with a stent, and then closure of the residual orifice with surgical clips or sealant.
Technical success, mortality and morbidity, migration of the stent.
Multiple or complex fistulas were present in 16 cases (59%). Endoscopic drainage (nasal-fistula drain or necrosectomy) was used in 19 cases (70%). Diversion by a covered colorectal stent was used in 22 patients (81%). To close the residual or initial opening, wound clips and glue (cyanoacrylate) were used in 15 cases (55%). Neither mortality nor severe morbidity occurred. Migration of the stent occurred in 13 cases (59%) and was treated by replacement with either a longer stent or with 2 nested stents. The mean time until resolution of fistula was 86 days from the start of endoscopic management, with a mean of 4.4 endoscopies per patient.
Moderate sample size, nonrandomized study.
An entirely endoscopic approach to the management of anastomosing fistulas that develop after bariatric surgery--using sequential drainage, sutures, and diversion by stents--achieved resolution of the fistulas with minimal morbidity.