[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) is a hereditary cancer predisposition syndrome that is commonly associated with a germline mutation in the tumor suppressor gene p53. Loss of p53 results in increased expression of CD44, a cancer stem cell (CSC) marker, which is involved in the scavenging of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Here, we report a change in the expression of a CD44 variant isoform (CD44v8-10) in an 8-year-old female LFS patient with osteosarcoma and atypical liver cancer after chemotherapy. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient visited a clinic with a chief complaint of chronic pain in a bruise on her right knee. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) raised the possibility of a bone malignancy. Biochemical testing also revealed significantly elevated levels of AFP, which strongly suggested the existence of a primary malignancy in the liver. MRI imaging showed the simultaneous development of osteosarcoma and liver cancer, both of which were confirmed upon biopsy. Combined therapy with surgical resection after chemotherapy was successful in this patient. Regardless of the absence of a familial history of hereditary cancer, a germline mutation in p53 was identified (a missense mutation defined as c.722 C>T, p.Ser241Phe). To better understand the cancer progression and response to treatment, immunohistochemical (IHC) analysis of biopsy specimens obtained before and after chemotherapy was performed using a specific antibody against CD44v8-10. CONCLUSION: This case demonstrates the ectopic up-regulation of CD44v8-10 in a biopsy sample obtained after cytotoxic chemotherapy, which confers high levels of oxidative stress on cancer cells. Because the alternative splicing of CD44 is tightly regulated epigenetically, it is possible that micro-environmental stress resulting from chemotherapy caused the ectopic induction of CD44v8-10 in vivo.
BMC Cancer 10/2012; 12(1):444. · 3.33 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Synovial sarcoma is an aggressive soft tissue sarcoma with only a modest response to conventional cytotoxic agents. In the present study, we evaluated the potential antitumor effects of a novel anti-angiogenesis agent, pazopanib, against synovial sarcoma cells. We found that pazopanib directly inhibited the growth of synovial sarcoma cells by inducing G1 arrest. Multiplex analyses revealed that the PI3K-AKT pathway was highly suppressed in pazopanib-sensitive synovial sarcoma cells. Furthermore, administration of pazopanib highly suppressed the tumor growth in a xenograft model. Taken together, these results suggest pazopanib as a possible agent against synovial sarcoma and may warrant further clinical studies.
Journal of Orthopaedic Research 02/2012; 30(9):1493-8. · 2.88 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Myxoid/round cell liposarcoma (MRCL), unlike other soft tissue sarcomas, has been associated with unusual pattern of metastasis to extrapulmonary sites. In an attempt to elucidate the clinical features of MRCL with metastatic lesions, 58 cases, from the medical database of Keio University Hospital were used for the evaluation. 47 patients (81%) had no metastases, whereas 11 patients (11%) had metastases during their clinical course. Among the 11 patients with metastatic lesions, 8 patients (73%) had extrapulmonary metastases and 3 patients (27%) had pulmonary metastases. Patients were further divided into three groups; without metastasis, with extrapulmonary metastasis, and with pulmonary metastasis. When the metastatic patterns were stratified according to tumor size, there was statistical significance between the three groups (P = 0.028). The 8 cases with extrapulmonary metastases were all larger than 10 cm. Similarly, histological grading had a significant impact on metastatic patterns (P = 0.027). 3 cases with pulmonary metastatic lesions were all diagnosed as high grade. In conclusion, large size and low histological grade were significantly associated with extrapulmonary metastasis.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Anaplastic transformation of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) is a rare event with a poor clinical outcome. It usually occurs in the primary site or in regional lymph nodes, but rarely in distant metastatic lesions.
A 55-year-old woman with persistent pain in the left hip joint visited our hospital. She had a history of DTC that had been surgically removed 12 years earlier. Clinical images showed a tumorous mass in the left pelvis, indicative of bone metastasis. The patient underwent surgery to remove the tumor and remained stable until local recurrence was found 5 weeks after the surgery. The patient subsequently underwent radiation therapy; however, she died of respiratory failure due to lung metastases 2 months after the surgery for the recurrent lesion. The surgical specimens were diagnosed as anaplastic thyroid carcinoma, indicating that anaplastic transformation of thyroid follicular carcinoma occurred in the metastatic skeletal lesion. In addition, the patient had an unusually high white blood cell count throughout the course. Based on elevated serum granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) levels and positive immunostaining for G-CSF in the surgical specimens, the patient was diagnosed with paraneoplastic leukocytosis.
To our knowledge, this is the first case of anaplastic transformation of DTC arising in a metastatic bone lesion described in the literature. In addition, the present case also exhibited severe leukocytosis accompanied by elevated serum G-CSF levels. Clinicians should be aware of the possibility of this occurring in their patients with DTC, as this development calls for a rapid change from observational follow-up to aggressive treatment.
Thyroid: official journal of the American Thyroid Association 12/2011; 22(2):200-4. · 2.60 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although deep infection remains one of the most difficult complications to manage in the treatment of musculoskeletal tumor reconstructed with an endoprosthesis, limited information with respect to its incidence and risk factors has been reported.
This multicenter, retrospective, uncontrolled study reviewed the medical records of 82 patients who underwent reconstruction with an endoprosthesis or temporary spacer for bone-immature patients after resection of malignant bone tumor around the knee. Risk factors for deep infection and the impact of deep infection on prosthesis survival and oncological outcomes were analyzed. Deep infection was defined according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines with minor modification.
Deep infection occurred in 14 cases (17%), identified at a mean of 10.9 months (range <1 to 48 months) after initial surgery. Univariate analysis identified surface infection (P < 0.001) and skin necrosis (P < 0.001) as risk factors associated with deep infection. Conversely, tumor origin, chemotherapy, number of postoperative antibiotics, and length of bone resection were not associated with infection. Subclass analysis in femur cases identified a correlation between infection and the extent of partial resection of the quadriceps muscle (P = 0.04). In the multivariate analysis, surface infection represented an independent risk factor for deep infection (P = 0.03). Deep infection was a risk for endoprosthesis survival (P = 0.003) but did not affect the oncological outcome.
A strong correlation between the condition of soft tissue and establishment of deep infection is suggested in this study. Although practical options for preventing deep infection seem limited, the present data allow a form of perioperative evaluation for patients with a higher risk of deep infection.
Journal of Orthopaedic Science 05/2010; 15(3):331-9. · 0.96 Impact Factor