Ken-Ichi Hakamada

Hirosaki University, Khirosaki, Aomori, Japan

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Publications (2)4.84 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Proteoglycans (PGs) are complex glycohydrates which are widely distributed in extracellular matrix (ECM). PGs are involved in the construction of ECM, cell proliferation and differentiation. ECM components are involved in transduction of proinflammatory responses, but it is still unknown whether PGs are involved in inflammatory response. In this study, we investigated the effect of PG extracted from salmon cartilage on the progression of experimental colitis-induced in severe combined immunodeficiency mice by cell transfer from interleukin-10 (IL-10)-/- mice. IL-10-/- cell-transferred mice showed weight loss, colon shortening and histological appearance of mild colitis. Daily oral administration of PG attenuated the clinical progression of colitis in a dose-dependent manner. Colitis-induced mice showed the elevated expression of IFN-γ, IL-12, TNF-α, IL-21, IL-23p19, IL-6, IL-17A and retinoic acid-related orphan receptor γt (RORγt) in lamina propria mononuclear cells (LPMCs) and oral administration of PG suppressed the expression of these factors. Conversely, expression of Foxp3 that induces CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells in LPMCs was enhanced by PG administration. These findings suggested that salmon PG attenuated the progression of colitis due to suppression of inflammatory response by enhancement of regulatory T cell induction.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 10/2010; 402(2):209-15. DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2010.09.123 · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the effect of p60, a virulence factor of Listeria monocytogenes, on host immune response in vitro and in vivo. Administration of p60 before a sublethal infection with L. monocytogenes enhanced innate host resistance in naïve mice. Mouse macrophage RAW264.7 cells produced tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha in response to stimulation with recombinant p60. Toll-like receptor 4 may be involved in TNF-alpha production from RAW264.7 cells and enhanced host resistance induced by p60 administration. Our findings demonstrated that p60 modulates innate immune responses against L. monocytogenes infection.
    FEMS Immunology & Medical Microbiology 03/2010; 59(1):100-7. DOI:10.1111/j.1574-695X.2010.00666.x · 2.55 Impact Factor