ABSTRACT: This analysis was conducted to compare the effects of adjunctive ziprasidone or placebo on metabolic parameters among patients receiving maintenance treatment with lithium or valproate. We also tested whether metabolic syndrome (MetS) and other risk factors were associated with baseline characteristics and treatment response. In the stabilization phase (Phase 1), 584 bipolar I disorder (DSM-IV) patients received 2.5-4 months of open label ziprasidone (80-160 mg/d) plus lithium or valproic acid (ZIP+MS). Patients who achieved at least 8 weeks of clinical stability were subsequently randomized into Phase 2 to 6-months of double-blind treatment with ZIP+MS (n=127) vs. placebo+MS (n=113). At baseline of Phase 1, MetS was found in 111 participants (23%). Participants with MetS (vs. non-MetS participants) were more likely to be aged 40 years or older, had significantly more severe manic symptoms, higher abdominal obesity, and higher BMI. Increase in abdominal obesity was associated with lower manic symptom improvement (p<0.05, as assessed by MRS change score) during Phase 1, while symptom improvement differed across racial groups. In the Phase 2 double-blind phase, the ZIP+MS group had similar weight and metabolic profiles compared to the placebo+MS group across visits. These results corroborate existing findings on ziprasidone which exhibits a neutral weight and metabolic profile in the treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar patients. Our findings suggest that MetS is highly prevalent in patients with bipolar disorder, may be associated with greater manic symptom severity, and may predict treatment outcomes.
European neuropsychopharmacology: the journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology 07/2011; 22(2):123-31. · 3.68 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To assess efficacy and safety of adjunctive ziprasidone in subjects with bipolar depression treated with lithium, lamotrigine, or valproate.
298 adult outpatients with bipolar I disorder (DSM-IV criteria) were randomized to receive ziprasidone, 20-80 mg twice a day, or placebo twice a day for 6 weeks plus their preexisting mood stabilizer. The primary efficacy variable was change in Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) total scores from baseline to 6 weeks. The key secondary efficacy endpoint was change from baseline to week 6 in Clinical Global Impressions-Severity (CGI-S) scores. Computer-administered assessments for diagnostic confidence were included for quality control and to evaluate study performance. The study was conducted between October 2007 and December 2008.
The mean ± SD daily dose of ziprasidone was 89.8 ± 29.1 mg. Least squares mean ± standard error changes from baseline to week 6 on MADRS total score for ziprasidone and placebo treatment groups were -13.2 ± 1.2 and -12.9 ± 1.1, respectively, with a 2-sided P value of .792. There was no significant difference on the key secondary variable (CGI-S). Adjunctive ziprasidone was well tolerated. Poor quality ratings at baseline were associated with a trend for better improvement on placebo than ziprasidone. Among 43 placebo-treated subjects with poor baseline quality ratings, 29 (67.4%) had baseline MADRS scores > 10 points higher on the computer-administered assessment than the MADRS administered by the site-based rater. The response favoring placebo over ziprasidone observed in this subgroup suggests that poor signal detection in some clinical trials can be a consequence of "subject inflation" as well as "rater inflation."
Adjunctive ziprasidone treatment failed to separate from mood stabilizer alone on primary and secondary endpoints. Possible contributions to this result include enrollment of a substantial number of subjects with low diagnostic confidence, low quality ratings on the MADRS, and overzealous reporting of symptoms by subjects.
clinical trials.gov Identifier: NCT00483548.
The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 05/2011; 72(10):1413-22. · 5.80 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of ziprasidone adjunctive to a mood stabilizer for the maintenance treatment of bipolar mania.
Subjects with DSM-IV bipolar I disorder with a Mania Rating Scale score > or = 14 were enrolled. Subjects achieving > or = 8 consecutive weeks of stability with open-label ziprasidone (80-160 mg/d) and lithium or valproate (period 1) were randomly assigned in the 6-month, double-blind maintenance period (period 2) to ziprasidone plus mood stabilizer or placebo plus mood stabilizer. The primary and key secondary end points were the time to intervention for a mood episode and time to discontinuation for any reason, respectively. Inferential analysis was performed using a Kaplan-Meier product-limit estimator (log-rank test). The study was conducted from December 2005 to May 2008.
A total of 127 and 113 subjects were randomly assigned to ziprasidone and placebo, respectively. Intervention for a mood episode was required in 19.7% and 32.4% of ziprasidone and placebo subjects, respectively. The time to intervention for a mood episode was significantly longer for ziprasidone than placebo (P = .0104). The median time to intervention for a mood episode among those requiring such an intervention (n = 61) was 43.0 days for ziprasidone versus 26.5 days for placebo. The time to discontinuation for any reason was significantly longer for ziprasidone (P = .0047). Adjunctive ziprasidone treatment was well tolerated. Among treatment-emergent adverse events occurring in > or = 5% of subjects in either treatment group during period 2, only tremor occurred more frequently in the ziprasidone versus placebo group (6.3% vs 3.6%).
Ziprasidone is an effective, safe, and well-tolerated adjunctive treatment with a mood stabilizer for long-term maintenance treatment of bipolar mania.
clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00280566.
The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 02/2010; 71(2):130-7. · 5.80 Impact Factor