ABSTRACT: Myogenic factor 5 (Myf5), a product of the Myf5 gene, belongs to the MRF family of basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors that regulate myogenesis. Their roles in muscle growth and development make their genes candidates for molecular markers of meat production in livestock, but nucleotide sequence polymorphism has not been thoroughly studied in MRF genes. We detected four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within exon 1 of the Myf5 gene, encoding the NH-terminal transactivation domain of the Myf5 protein. Three of these mutations change the amino acid sequence. The distribution of these SNPs was highly skewed in cattle populations; most of the mutations were found in only a few or even single individuals. Of the nine SNPs found in the promoter region of Myf5, one (transversion g.-723G-->T) was represented by all three genotypes distributed in the cattle populations studied. This polymorphism showed an influence on Myf5 gene expression in the longissimus dorsi muscle and was associated with sirloin weight and fat weight in sirloin in carcasses of Holstein-Friesian cattle.
Biochemical Genetics 06/2010; 48(5-6):450-64. · 0.86 Impact Factor