To investigate the expression of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 in nonalcoholic fatty steatosis hepatocyte models induced by oleic acid.
Nonalcoholic fatty steatosis hepatocyte models induced by oleic acid on immortalized human hepatocyte, Oil red O staining and intracellular triglycerides were detected for observing the situation of IHH cells fatty degeneration. IHH cells were divided into control group, NAFLD group, which the control group cultured in DMEM/F12 medium, NAFLD group were treated with oleic acid, 0.5 mmol/L treatment for 72 h. The expression of mRNA and protein of IGF-1 and IGFBP3 were measured by immunofluorescent staining, Western blot and RT-PCR methods. Between the two groups were compared using the t- test.
The steatosis models of the hepatocytes were established successfully with 0.5 mmol/L oleic acid. Lipid droplets were observed through Oil red O staining. The level of hepatocyte TG was increased (275.7+/-27.2) mug/mg from (150.2+/-15.6) mug/mg (t = 21.67, P less than 0.01). Compared with the control group, the mRNA of IGF-1 (0.76+/-0.04 vs 4.82+/-1.51, t = 17.915, P less than 0.01), IGFBP-3 (1.58+/-0.93 vs 5.41+/-1.37, t = 12.893, P less than 0.01) and protein expression of IGF-1 (1.00+/-0.29 vs 2.56+/-0.71, t = 29.17, P less than 0.01), IGFBP-3 (0.65+/-0.36 vs 1.23+/-0.91, t = 32. 12, P less than 0.01) significantly decreased in oleic acid-treated group. The results of immunofluorescence staining also confirm the significantly decreased protein expression of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 in NAFLD group compared with control group.
The expression of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 decreased in nonalcoholic fatty steatosis hepatocyte models, which will provide the experimental basis for the further study of the mechanism of the limited height of some children with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in clinical.
Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 03/2012; 20(3):196-200.
To study the effect of growth hormone (GH) combined with Radix Dipsaci on the body growth and the bone mineral content (BMC) of hypophysectomized rats.
The GH deficiency rats model was established using the hypophysectomized operation through the skull and the throat. Qualified rats were divided into the sham-operation group (n = 15), the negative control group (n = 13), the GH intervention group (n = 13), and the GH combined with Radix Dipsaci group(n = 12). GH (0.25 mg/kg) was subcutaneously injected from the cervical part in the GH intervention group and the GH combined with Radix Dipsaci group at the same time, while equal volume of normal saline was injected to the rest groups. 0.7 mL/100 kg Radix Dipsaci was given by gastrogavage to the GH combined with Radix Dipsaci group at the same time, while equal volume of normal saline was given by gastrogave to the rest groups. The body weight, the tail length, and the body length were measured during the intervention period. Blood was withdrawn after 14-day intervention. The femoral bone and the tibial bone were taken out. The levels of GH, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and osteocalcin (OC) were measured. The width of the tibial epiphyseal plate was measured. The bilateral femur bone mineral density (BMD) and BMC were measured using the dual energy X-ray absorptiometry.
The body weight, the body length, the length of the femoral bone, the length of the tibial bone, the width of the epiphyseal plate, the levels of the GH, IGF-1, ALP, and OC increased in the GH intervention group and the GH combined with Radix Dipsaci group after 2-week intervention, showing statistical difference when compared with the model group (P < 0.01). But there was no statistical difference in the tail length though it also increased (P > 0.05). There was insignificant difference in the aforesaid indices between the two groups (P > 0.05). Compared with the model group, the BMD of the GH combined with Radix Dipsaci group increased with statistical difference (P < 0.01). Compared with the model group, the BMC of the GH intervention group and the GH combined with Radix Dipsaci group increased with statistical difference (P < 0.01). It was highest in the GH combined with Radix Dipsaci group (P < 0.01).
GH combined with Radix Dipsaci showed unobvious effect on promoting the growth. But it could elevate BMD and BMC, and improve the bone metabolism.
Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he za zhi Zhongguo Zhongxiyi jiehe zazhi = Chinese journal of integrated traditional and Western medicine / Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he xue hui, Zhongguo Zhong yi yan jiu yuan zhu ban 12/2011; 31(12):1690-4.
To establish nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in young rats, and to investigate the metabolic characteristics of these rats.
Fifteen male and fifteen female SD rats of 3 weeks old were randomly divided into three groups, normal group (N), 20% high fat group (HF1) and 30% high fat group (HF2). All the rats were fed under Specific pathogen Free (SPF) condition for 6 weeks and executed at the end of the 6th week. Body length and weight of each rat as well as their liver weight were measured for calculating Liver Index (LI). ALT, AST, TG, TC, INS, Glu and HOMA-IR in the blood were measured. Liver tissue homogenate was prepared for detecting TG level. The liver section was stained with HE and oil red. The expression of SPEBP-1 and leptin in liver was detected by immunostaining.
The typical pathological change of NAFLD was found in the rats of HF groups. In HF2 group, no rats died during the experiment and the degree of fat degeneration is homogeneous. Comparing with those in N group, TC (mmol/L), liver TG (mmol/L) and ALT levels in HF2 group were significantly elevated (2.50+/-0.39 vs 1.82+/-0.43, P less than 0.01; 25.38+/-13.29 vs 12.09+/-9.59, P less than 0.01 and 69.80+/-18.22 vs 48.00+/-10.45, P less than 0.01, respectively). Comparing with those in N group, TG level in HF1 group was significantly decreased (0.17+/-0.10 vs 0.32+/-0.12, P less than 0.05), Glu level in HF1 group was significantly elevated (12.33+/-3.48 vs 8.13+/-2.53, P less than 0.05). There were no significant difference between the results of AST, INS and HOMA-IR among the groups. The expression level of SREBP-1 and leptin increased in HF groups.
NAFLD can be induced by 30% high-fat feeding for 6 weeks in young rats, high-fat feeding induces the expression of SREBP-1 and leptin expression and fat synthesis.
Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 01/2010; 18(1):54-8.