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ABSTRACT: Anorectal outlet obstruction constitutes one form of chronic constipation. Combinations of morphological alterations of the pelvis, the pelvic floor and the colorectum are nearly always evident. The goal of the diagnostic work-up is to identify those patients who will profit from a surgical intervention. Resection rectopexy aims at restoring the physiological anatomy thereby ameliorating the functional interaction of structures effected with the laparoscopic approach entailing all advantages of minimally invasive surgery. Besides a detailed description of the surgical technique used and an algorithm for indications to operate we present our results after 19 years of experience. Throughout this period, 264 laparoscopic resection rectopexies for outlet obstruction were performed. With a mean follow-up of 58.2 months the rate of improvement of obstructive symptoms was 79.5 % (n = 128 of 161 available for follow-up). Present studies suggest that (laparoscopic) resection rectopexy entails better results in comparison to non-resecting procedures and procedures with the implantation of allogenic material. Certainly, in order to achieve these results a correct patient selection and an expertise in laparoscopic surgery are essential. Both the perioperative and the functional results of our own collective fortify the advantages of laparoscopic resection rectopexy in patients with an outlet obstruction.
Zentralblatt für Chirurgie 08/2012; 137(4):357-63. · 0.69 Impact Factor
International Journal of Colorectal Disease 11/2010; 26(6):817-9. · 2.24 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Many different techniques to treat rectal prolapse have been introduced. Laparoscopic resection rectopexy has been shown to entail benefits regarding both perioperative results and short-term outcome, whereas data for long-term outcome are scarce.
Between 1993 and 2008, all laparoscopic resection rectopexies for rectal prolapse II° or III° were selected from a prospective laparoscopic colorectal surgery database. We analyzed demographic, perioperative, and follow-up results. We defined two periods (1993-2000 and 2001-2008) for comparison of data. Long-term follow-up was obtained by sending questionnaires to all patients. Evaluation included constipation, incontinence, and recurrence of prolapse.
Between January 1993 and November 2008, we performed 152 laparoscopic resection rectopexies for rectal prolapse. Median age was 64.1 years (± 14.6). Conversion rate was 0.7% (1), mean operation time was 204 (± 65.3) min, and was significantly shorter in the second period compared with the first (P < 0.0001). Mortality was 0.7% (n = 1). Complication rates were 4% (n = 6; major) and 19.2% (n = 29; minor), respectively. Mean length of hospital stay was 11.3 (± 6.4) days and was significantly shorter in the second period compared with the first period (P < 0.0001). Mean time of follow-up was 47.7 (± 41.6) months. Improvement or complete elimination of constipation was stated by 81.3% (65), and improvement or elimination of incontinence was stated by 67.3% (72). Overall recurrence rate was 11.1% (n = 10) with a rate of 5.6% (n = 5) for a 5-year period. Of those patients with previous perineal surgery for rectal prolapse, 53.8% (7/13) experienced recurrent prolapse after laparoscopic resection rectopexy in contrast to 3.9% (3/77) of patients without previous perineal prolapse surgery (P < 0.0001).
Our data support the benefits of laparoscopic resection rectopexy for rectal prolapse regarding both perioperative results and long-term functional outcome. Preceding perineal or open abdominal operations have an impact on recurrence after laparoscopic resection rectopexy.
Surgical Endoscopy 02/2010; 24(10):2401-6. · 3.43 Impact Factor