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ABSTRACT: The ability of 64-slice computed tomography (CT) angiography to differentiate plaque types remains unclear. We evaluated whether the density of noncalcified coronary plaques by 64-slice CT angiography correlates with plaque components assessed by integrated backscatter intravascular ultrasound (IB-IVUS).
Eighty-six patients [stable angina/acute coronary syndrome (ACS) 67/19, mean age 62+/-11 years] who showed significant coronary artery stenosis (> or =50% diameter stenosis) by 64-slice CT angiography underwent coronary angiography and were evaluated using IB-IVUS.
A total of 92 noncalcified coronary plaques on CT angiography were evaluated with IB-IVUS. There was a positive correlation between CT density and calcified tissue content (r=0.41, P<0.001). However, the CT density of plaques did not correlate with other tissue components. Patients with ACS showed more lipid (43.1+/-13.2 vs. 35.8+/-13.5, P=0.03) and less soft fibrous tissue (50.5+/-11.7 vs. 56.5+/-12.0, P=0.05) by IB-IVUS than those with stable angina. However, the mean CT density of plaques in ACS was not different from that in stable angina (140.6+/-88.5 vs. 113.1+/-80.9, P=0.19).
Except for calcified tissue, CT angiography failed to differentiate plaque types of noncalcified tissue. Therefore, the role of 64-slice CT angiography in identifying lipid-rich plaques remains limited.
Coronary artery disease 03/2010; 21(3):168-74. DOI:10.1097/MCA.0b013e32833578f4 · 1.50 Impact Factor