ABSTRACT: High glucose evokes a variety of signals in mesangial cells that alter cellular functions responsible for the development of diabetic glomerulopathy. The hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) regulates cellular homeostasis under hypoxic conditions, but it also has pleiotropic effects in response to cellular stresses at normoxia. Here we determined whether HIF-1alpha has a role in the regulation of mesangial cells in hyperglycemia. In the streptozotocin-induced diabetic mouse model, glomerular mesangial cells had a significant increase in HIF-1alpha expression in the nucleus. In cultured mesangial cells, high glucose enhanced the expression of HIF-1alpha and its target genes known to be involved in the development of diabetic glomerulopathy. A glucose-responsive carbohydrate response element binding protein (ChREBP) was found to have a critical role in the transcriptional upregulation of HIF-1alpha and downstream gene expression in mesangial cells exposed to high glucose. Knockdown of HIF-1alpha or ChREBP in mesangial cells abrogated the high glucose-mediated perturbation of gene expression. Our results show that ChREBP and HIF-1alpha mediate gene regulation in mesangial cells. Further studies will be needed to find out whether these findings are relevant to the development of the diabetic nephropathy.
Kidney International 04/2010; 78(1):48-59. · 6.61 Impact Factor