ABSTRACT: Paragangliomas (PGLs) are rare tumors arising either from sympathetic or parasympathetic-associated chromaffin tissue. PGLs can occur either sporadically or as part of a hereditary syndrome. Sympathetic head and neck PGLs are extremely rare tumors and only a few cases have been reported to date.
We report the pedigree of a patient with a head and neck PGL arising from the right sympathetic trunk. SDHD mutation analysis was performed using standard sequencing, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification, chromosome 11-specific comparative genome hybridization, and long-range/short-range polymerase chain reaction (PCR) approaches.
A previously unreported chromosome 11q deletion encompassing 5 annotated genes (SDHD, DLAT, PIH1D2, C11Orf57, and TIMM8B) was detected in the proband.
PGL families considered "mutation-negative" may be attributable to large gene deletions not detectable by standard sequencing methods. Therefore, deletion analysis should be offered to families or individuals at risk for hereditary PGLs.
Head & Neck 03/2010; 33(8):1233-40. · 2.40 Impact Factor