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ABSTRACT: Although acquired idiopathic thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (ai-TTP) is rare in children, the authors present the case of a 9-month-old boy with ai-TTP showing severe deficiency of ADAMTS13 activity by its inhibitory IgG-autoantibody (4.8 Bethesda units/mL). Plasma exchange therapy was clinically effective but transient. Deficient activity of ADAMTS13 with the presence of its inhibitor persisted for 7 months after the initial diagnosis. However, other laboratory findings improved gradually with steroid (pulse) therapy. The hitherto insufficiently characterized clinical settings of ai-TTP during early childhood underscore the importance of measuring ADAMTS13 activity and its inhibitors for differential diagnosis in patients with thrombocytopenia of unknown etiology.
Pediatric Hematology and Oncology 02/2010; 27(1):53-8. · 0.90 Impact Factor