Guang-Xing Qin

Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Chenkiang, Jiangsu Sheng, China

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Publications (8)13.73 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In this study, the full-length cDNA of a peptidoglycan recognition protein named BmPGRP-S3 was identified from the silkworm, Bombyx mori by rapid amplification of cDNA ends. It is 807bp and comprises the following: a 5'-untranslated region (UTR) with a length of 112bp, a 3'-UTR with a length of 92bp including a poly-adenylation signal sequence (AATAAA) and a poly(A) tail. The longest open reading frame (ORF) of BmPGRP-S3 is 603bp and encodes a polypeptide of 200 amino acids with a predicted molecular weight of 22.3kDa including a PGRP domain. Sequence similarity and phylogenic analysis results indicated that BmPGRP-S3 belongs to the group of insect PGRPs and is closer to BmPGRP-S4 with the highest identity of 68%. Fluorescent quantitative real-time PCR results revealed that the mRNA transcripts of BmPGRP-S3 were presented in all of the tissues, but were highest in the midgut. In the silkworm larvae infected with B. mori cytoplasmic polyhedrosis virus (BmCPV), the relative expression level of BmPGRP-S3 was upregulated. The DNA segment of a mature BmPGRP-S3 peptide was inserted into the expression plasmid pET-28a(+) to construct a recombinant expression plasmid. Western blot results revealed that mature BmPGRP-S3 could be detected in the hemolymph and midgut which were the most important immune tissues in silkworm. All the results suggested that BmPGRP-S3 may play an important role in the immune response of silkworm to BmCPV infection and provided helpful information for further studying the function of BmPGRP-S3 in silkworm.
    Gene 09/2014; · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Digital gene expression (DGE) was performed to investigate the gene expression profiles of 4008 and p50 silkworm strains at 48h after oral infection with BmCPV. 3,668,437 clean tags were identified in the BmCPV-infected p50 silkworms and 3,540,790 clean tags in the control p50. By contrast, 4,498,263 clean tags were identified in the BmCPV-infected 4008 silkworms and 4,164,250 clean tags in the control 4008. Total 691 differentially expressed genes were detected in the infected 4008 DGE library and 185 were detected in the infected p50 DGE library, respectively. The expression profiles identified some important differentially expressed genes involved in signal transduction, enzyme activity and apoptotic changes, some of which were verified using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). These results provide important clues on the molecular mechanism of BmCPV invasion and resistance mechanism of silkworms against the BmCPV infection.
    Gene 02/2014; · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract The most important pathogenic fungus of the silkworm, Bombyx mori L. (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae), is Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo-Crivelli ) Vuillemin (Hypocreales: Clavicipitaceae), which causes significant damage to sericulture production. Therefore, diagnosing fungal disease and developing new control measures are crucial to silk production. To better understand the responsive and interactive mechanisms between the host silkworm and this fungus, variations in silkworm gene expression were investigated using the suppression subtractive hybridization method following the injection of B. bassiana conidia. Two cDNA libraries were constructed, and 140 cDNA clones were isolated. Of the 50 differentially expressed genes identified, 45 (112 clones) were identified in the forward library, and 5 (28 clones) were identified in the reverse library. Expression profiling of six of these genes by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) verified that they were induced by the fungal challenge. The present study provides insight into the interaction between lepidopteran insects and pathogenic fungi.
    Journal of Insect Science 11/2013; 13(138):1-14. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Full-length cDNA of a LIM and SH3 contained protein 1 (named BmLASP1) was identified from the silkworm, Bombyx mori, for the first time by rapid amplification of cDNA ends. The full-length cDNA of BmLASP1 is 2094bp, consisting of a 5'-terminal untranslated region (UTR) of 117bp, and a 3'-UTR of 610bp with two poly-adenylation signal sequence AATAAA and a poly (A) tail. The BmLASP1 cDNA encodes a polypeptide comprising 455 amino acids, including a LIM domain, two nebulin domains and an SH3 domain. The theoretical isoelectric point is 7.07 and the predicted molecular weight is 51.8kDa. BmLASP1 has no signal peptide but three potential N-glycosylation sites. Sequence similarity and phylogenic analyses indicated that BmLASP1 belonged to the group of insect LASP1 with a longer linker region which is different from vertebrate LASP1. The LASP1 in silkworm contained eight exons in its coding regions, and the last exon-intron boundary was conserved the same as in mammalian and Ciona intestinalis LASP1 genes. By fluorescent quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, the mRNA transcripts of BmLASP1 were mainly detected in the gonad, head, and spiracle, and slightly in the silk gland, vasa mucosa, midgut, fat body, and hemocytes. After silkworm larvae were infected by B. mori cytoplasmic polyhedrosis virus (BmCPV), the relative expression level of BmLASP1 was down-regulated in the midgut. This result suggested that BmLASP1 may play an important role in the response of silkworm to BmCPV infection.
    Gene 09/2012; · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, the full-length cDNA of a novel insulin-related peptide-binding protein (named BmIBP2) was identified from silkworm, Bombyx mori, using rapid amplification of cDNA ends. The full-length cDNA of BmIBP2 is 1293 bp, consisting of a 5'-terminal untranslated region (UTR) of 61 bp, and a 3'-UTR of 335 bp with a poly-adenylation signal sequence AATAAA and a poly (A) tail. The BmIBP2 cDNA encodes a polypeptide of 298 amino acids, including an IG domain and an IGc2 domain, with a theoretical isoelectric point of 5.73 and a predicted molecular weight of 33.1 kDa. The BmIBP2 also has a signal peptide of 23 amino acids and a potential N-glycosylation site. The sequence similarity and phylogenic analysis indicated that BmIBP2 belongs to the group of invertebrates IBP and is closer to IGFBP7 than to the other IGFBPs in vertebrates. These findings suggest that BmIBP2 is a putative homolog of vertebrate endocrine factor IGFBP7 and has a functional similarity. By fluorescent quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, mRNA transcripts of BmIBP2 were mainly detected in the midgut but were hardly detectable in the hemocytes, vasa mucosa, fat body, silk gland, head, testicle, ovary, and spiracle. After the silkworm larvae were infected by B. mori cytoplasmic polyhedrosis virus (BmCPV), a significant up-regulation in the relative expression level of BmIBP2 was found. All the results suggested that BmIBP2 is a novel protein that plays an important role in the insulin-signal pathway and in the immune response of silkworm to BmCPV infection.
    Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 02/2012; 110(1):83-91. · 2.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The gene of the non-structure protein 2 (NS2) was cloned by PCR from the genome of Bombyx mori densovirus Zhenjiang strain (BmDNV-Z), inserted into prokaryotic expression vector pET28a to construct recombinant plasmid pET28a-NS2 and then expressed in bacteria Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3). The expressed recombinant protein was identified by SDS-PAGE and Western blot analysis. Then, the recombinant protein was purified by Ni-NTA column, renatured and tested for enzyme activities. The purified NS2 protein exhibited a helicase activity unwinding double-stranded DNA substrates into single-strand primers, and higher unwinding activity to polarity substrate. Similarly, the purified NS2 protein possessed an ATPase activity and its enzyme activity was 0.276 μmol μg-1 h-1 in this study. The results indicated that the non-structure protein which encoded by the gene of BmDNV-Z NS2 possesses the biological activities of helicase and ATPase, and the helicase prefers to polarity substrates. Based on these results, it is speculated that the gene of BmDNV-Z NS2 plays an important role in the viral DNA replication.
    Agricultural Sciences in China 12/2010; · 0.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In order to obtain an overall view on silkworm response to Bombyx mori cytoplasmic polyhedrosis virus (BmCPV) infection, a microarray system comprising 22,987 oligonucluotide 70-mer probes was employed to compare differentially expressed genes in the midguts of BmCPV-infected and normal silkworm larvae. At 72 h post-inoculation, 258 genes exhibited at least 2.0-fold differences in expression level. Out of these, 135 genes were up-regulated, while 123 genes were down-regulated. According to gene ontology (GO), 140 genes were classified into GO categories. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis indicates that 35 genes were involved in 10 significant (P<0.05) KEGG pathways. The expressions of genes related to valine, leucine, and isoleucine degradation, retinol metabolism, and vitamin B6 metabolism were all down-regulated. The expressions of genes involved in ribosome and proteasome pathway were all up-regulated. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to validate the expression patterns of 13 selected genes of interest. The results suggest that BmCPV infection resulted in the disturbance of protein and amino acid metabolism and a series of major physiological and pathological changes in silkworm. Our results provide new insights into the molecular mechanism of BmCPV infection and host cell response.
    Molecular Biology Reports 03/2010; 38(1):333-41. · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Understanding of the responsive and interactive mechanism between the host cells and Bombyx mori cytoplasmic polyhedrosis virus (BmCPV) is crucial to the diagnosis of CPV-caused disease and the development of new control measures. In this report, we employed suppression subtractive hybridization to compare differentially expressed genes in the midguts of CPV-infected and normal silkworm larvae. 36 genes and 20 novel ESTs were obtained from 2 reciprocal subtractive libraries. Three up-regulated genes (ferritin, rpL11 and alkaline nuclease) and 3 down-regulated genes (serine protease, trypsin-like protease and inhibitor of apoptosis protein) were identified by quantitative real¬time PCR. The transcript differences of these 6 genes at 6, 12, 24, 48 and 72 h post-inoculation both in CPV-infected and normal midguts were compared. Our results indicated that ferritin and rpL11 were increased during the early stage (6-12h p.i.) of CPV infection, whereas alkaline nuclease was increased during the late stage (24-72h p.i.) of CPV infection. The expression of serine protease and trypsin-like protease is decreased at 24-72 h after CPV infection, while the expression of inhibitor of apoptosis protein is decreased throughout the infective stage. Our results provide new clues for investigating the molecular mechanism of BmCPV infection.
    AFRICAN JOURNAL OF BIOTECHNOLOGY 09/2009; 8:3711-3720. · 0.57 Impact Factor