[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The effects of water multipole moments on the aqueous solvation of ions were determined in Monte Carlo simulations using soft-sticky dipole-quadrupole-octupole (SSDQO) water. Water molecules formed linear hydrogen bonds to Cl(-) using the new SSDQO1 parameters, similar to multi-site models. However, the dipole vector was tilted rather than parallel to the oxygen-Na(+) internuclear vector as in most multi-site model, while experiment and ab initio molecular dynamics simulations generally indicate a range of values between tilted and parallel. By varying the multipoles in SSDQO, the octupole was found to determine the orientation around Na(+). Moreover, analysis of the multipoles of more conventional models is predictive of their performance as solvents.
Chemical Physics Letters 10/2010; 499(4-6):219-225. · 2.15 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Water structure around sugars modeled by partial charges is compared for soft-sticky dipole-quadrupole-octupole (SSDQO), a fast single-site multipole model, and commonly used multi-site models in Monte Carlo simulations. Radial distribution functions and coordination numbers of all the models indicate similar hydration by hydrogen-bond donor and acceptor waters. However, the new optimized SSDQO1 parameters as well as TIP4P-Ew and TIP5P predict a "lone-pair" orientation for the water accepting the sugar hydroxyl hydrogen bond that is more consistent with the limited experimental data than the "dipole" orientation in SPC/E, which has important implications for studies of the cryoprotectant properties of sugars.
Chemical Physics Letters 05/2010; 491(4-6):218-223. · 2.15 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The soft-sticky dipole-quadrupole-octupole (SSDQO) potential energy function for a coarse-grained single-site water model has Lennard-Jones interactions and an approximate multipole expansion for the electrostatics. Here, the Lennard-Jones parameters and multipole moments of SSDQO were optimized so that the structural, thermodynamic, dynamic, and dielectric properties agreed with experimental values of liquid water at ambient conditions. Using these parameters, the temperature and pressure dependence of various properties were shown to be in good agreement with experiment, including a temperature of maximum density at approximately 260 K. This new parametrization, referred to as SSDQO1, is both computationally faster and generally more accurate over a wide range of conditions than traditional three-site water models, which demonstrates that a model with a single dipole, quadrupole, and octupole on each water molecule can reproduce the tetrahedral hydrogen bonded network of water.
The Journal of chemical physics 03/2010; 132(11):114511. · 3.09 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The soft sticky dipole-quadrupole-octupole (SSDQO) potential energy function represents a water molecule by a single site with a van der Waals sphere and point multipoles. Previously, SSDQO was shown to give good properties for liquid water and solvation of simple ions and is faster than three point models. Here, SSDQO is assessed for solvating biologically relevant molecules having a multi-site, partial charge description. Monte Carlo simulations of ethanol, benzene, and N-methylacetamide in SSDQO with SPC/E moments showed the water structure was as good as in SPC/E. Thus, SSDQO is potentially useful for simulations of biological macromolecules in aqueous solution.
Chemical Physics Letters 02/2010; 486(1-3):70-73. · 2.15 Impact Factor