Publications (2)0 Total impact
Article: [Toxic effect of neonatal exposure to 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexa-chlorobiphenyl on spermatogenesis in rats].[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To determine the long-term testicular effect after neonatal exposure to 2,2', 4,4',5,5'-hexa-chlorobiphenyl (PCB153). On birth day (Postnatal day 0, PNDO), the Sprague-Dawley (SD) male rats were mixed together and divided into 12 pups/litter. At PND1, the rats were grouped randomly into control and treatment groups according to different litters, 24 pups/group. They were treated by oral gavage with PCB153 in corn oil at doses of 0, 0.025, 0.250 and 2.500 mg/kg BW-day from PNDI to PND7. The rats were sacrificed at PND8 and PND90 by anesthesia. The testes were collected and weighed for histological examination and daily sperm production at PND8 or/and PND90. The epididymidis and the epididymidis cauda also were collected and weighed for determination the sperm counts at PND90. The body weight of 2.500 mg/kg dose group was decreased significantly from PND3 to PND8 compared with that of control (P < 0.05). At PND8, the loose structure in seminiferous cord and the spermatogonia with enlarged volume and detached from the cord were observed in 2.500 mg/kg dose group by light microscope and electronic microscopy. With the increase of exposure doses, the testicular daily sperm production (DSP) and the sperm counts of epididymidis cauda were decreased in dose-dependent manner at PND90. The DSP in 0.250 mg/kg [30 x 10(6)/testis(g)] and 2.500 mg/kg [18 x l0(6)/testis(g)] dose groups were significantly reduced compared with that of control [36 x 10(6)/testis(g)] (P < 0.05). And there was a significant reduction in the sperm counts of epididymidis cauda in 0.250 mg/kg [42 x 10(7)/epididymidis cauda (g)] and 2.500 mg/kg [18 x 10(7)/epididymidis cauda (g)] dose groups compared with that of control [51 x 10(7)/epididymidis cauda (g)] (P < 0.05). The spermatogenesis of adult testis is disturbed, which causes the decrease in the testicular DSP and the sperm counts of epididymidis cauda after neonatal exposure to PCB153. The long-term damage in male reproductive function is caused by neonatal exposure to chemicals.Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases 07/2010; 28(7):512-6.
Article: [Effect of neonatal exposure to environmental pollutants on the DNA methylation of rat testis].[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of neonatal exposure of DNA methylation inhibitor, Cadmium and PCB153 on DNA methylation, apoptosis and spermatogenesis in SD rats. Neonatal SD rats were randomly divided into 10 groups and received oral administrations of PCB153 (0.025, 0. 250, 2.500 mg/kg), or Cadmium (1, 2, 4 mg/kg), or positive control 5-Aza-CdR (0.025, 0.250 mg/kg), or vehicle control for five days from PND3. Half of the rats were killed 24 h after the last administration. The remains were fed until 12 weeks. Sperm numbers, apoptosis and DNA methylation levels in testis were investigated. The daily sperm production was significantly decreased in each neonatal exposed group (P < 0.05). Neonatal rats exposed to 5-Aza-CdR and Cadmium reduced the global DNA methylation level, increased apoptosis, while PCB153 exposure did not significantly change DNA methylation and apoptosis. Neonatal rats exposed to chemicals could reduce spermatogenesis via multiple pathways. Lower DNA methylation and increased neonatal apoptosis were suggested as one of the causes.Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases 11/2009; 27(11):649-54.