[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although IFN-alpha was reported to promote the survival of peripheral B-lymphocytes via the PI3-kinase-Akt pathway, the triggered signalling pathways involved in the protection of B cell from apoptosis need to be clarified. Using flow cytometry and western blot analysis, we have found that type 1 IFNs (IFN-alpha/beta) protect human B cells in culture from spontaneous apoptosis and from apoptosis mediated by anti-CD95 agonist, in a dose- and time-dependant manner. IFN-alpha/beta-mediated anti-apoptotic effect on human B cells was totally abrogated by blockade of IFNR1 chain. Our data indicate that PI3Kdelta, Rho-A, NFkappaB and Bcl-2/Bcl(XL) are active downstream of IFN receptors and are the major effectors of IFN-alpha/beta-rescued B cells from apoptosis. Furthermore, immunohistochemical results show marked reduction in numbers of CD20 positive B cell in both spleen and Peyer's patches from mice treated with anti-IFNR1 blocking antibody compared with control group. Moreover, ultrastructural observations of these organs show an obvious increase in apoptotic cells from mice treated with anti-IFNR1 blocking antibody. Our results provide more details about the triggered signalling pathways and the phosphorylation cascade which are involved in the protection of B cell from apoptosis after treatment with IFN-alpha/beta.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We recently demonstrated that type I Interferon (IFN) rescues in vitro, human B-lymphocytes from apoptosis via PI3Kδ/Akt, Rho-A, NFκB and Bcl-2/BclXL. In the present study we extended our work to clarify, in vivo, the role of type I IFN signalling on the circulating and lymphoid organs homing lymphocytes.
Two groups of mice 13 in each were set: type I IFN signalling blocked mice injected with anti-IFNAR1 antagonist antibody (10 mg/kg body weight) once/day for up to 20 days, and control group were injected with vehicle alone.
Flow cytometry analysis to monitor the blood lymphocyte phenotype and proliferation have shown a significant decrease in CD45R/B220(+) [corrected] B cells, CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells in treated animals. Furthermore, the proliferative capacities of these lymphocyte subsets were significantly decreased in treated animals compared to those of control mice. Marked reduction in the plasma levels of IL-2 and IL-7 (cytokines important for the development of T and B cells) but not of IL-6 or IL-10 was observed in treated mice and this may a cause for emergence decrease in B and T cell numbers. Immunohistochemical studies have further shown a marked reduction in the numbers of CD20(+) B cells in spleen and Peyer's patches and CD3(+) T cells in thymus of treated animals. Moreover, electron microscopy examinations have revealed a loss of lymphocytes with characteristic features of apoptosis.
Our data confirmed that the in vivo inhibition of type I IFN signaling induce decrease in the numbers and defective functions of circulating and lymphoid organs homing lymphocytes providing a strong evidence for the protective effects of type 1 IFNs (IFN-α/β) on B and T lymphocytes.