ABSTRACT: Porcine chromosome 6 (SSC6) has been reported to have QTL affecting intramuscular fat content (IMF) in multiple populations. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of FABP3 and LEPR genetic variations as well as their mRNA expression on the IMF trait in a three-generation of Korean native pig and Yorkshire crossed animals. Several polymorphisms of the FABP3 (HinfI, HaeIII and HinfI*) were significantly associated with moisture, tenderness and flavor score (P < 0.05), and were used to construct haplotypes: haplotype 1 (-TCT-) increased the marbling and intramuscular fat content, however, haplotype 2 (-CCT-) decreased tenderness. The LEPR AvaII polymorphism showed significant association with moisture, intramuscular fat, cholesterol and flavor score (P < 0.05). The linkage analyses with six microsatellites mapped FABP3 gene in the interval between the markers Sw1129 and S0228 (Sw1129--11.7 cM--FABP3-9.1 cM--S0228), and the LEPR gene between the markers S0121 and Sw322 (S0121--7.5 cM--LEPR--28.5 cM--Sw322). QTL mapping suggested a significant QTL affecting Moisture (83 cM) and IMF (84 cM) located close to marker S0228. The gene expression results showed that in the loin muscle, both of the FABP3 and LEPR genes showed significantly higher expression in pigs with higher IMF%, however, in the backfat, only FABP3 showed differential expression between these two groups of pigs (significantly higher expression in pigs with lower IMF%) (P < 0.05). In the liver, both of these two genes did not show any difference between the high and low IMF% groups.
Molecular Biology Reports 03/2010; 37(8):3931-9. · 2.93 Impact Factor