Publications (2)1.72 Total impact
Article: Complete mitochondrial genome sequences of the three pelagic chaetognaths Sagitta nagae, Sagitta decipiens and Sagitta enflata.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The complete nucleotide sequences of the mitochondrial genomes were determined for the three pelagic chaetognaths, Sagitta nagae, Sagitta decipiens, and Sagitta enflata. The mitochondrial genomes of these species which were 11,459, 11,121, and 12,631bp in length, respectively, contained 14 genes (11 protein-coding genes, one transfer RNA gene, and two ribosomal RNA genes), and were found to have lost 23 genes that are present in the typical metazoan mitochondrial genome. The same mitochondrial genome contents have been reported from the benthic chaetognaths belonging to the family Spadellidae, Paraspadella gotoi and Spadella cephaloptera. Within the phylum Chaetognatha, Sagitta and Spadellidae are distantly related, suggesting that the gene loss occurred in the ancestral species of the phylum. The gene orders of the three Sagitta species are markedly different from those of the other non-Chaetognatha metazoans. In contrast to the region with frequent gene rearrangements, no gene rearrangements were observed in the gene cluster encoding COII-III, ND1-3, srRNA, and tRNA(met). Within this conserved gene cluster, gene rearrangements were not observed in the three Sagitta species or between the Sagitta and Spadellidae species. The gene order of this cluster was also assumed to be the ancestral state of the phylum.Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part D Genomics and Proteomics 03/2010; 5(1):65-72. · 1.72 Impact Factor
Article: Genetic diversity and cryptic speciation of the deep sea chaetognath Caecosagitta macrocephala (Fowler, 1904)[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We investigated genetic diversity and structure of the deep sea chaetognath Caecosagitta macrocephala collected in the western North Pacific (Sagami Bay) and eastern Central to South Atlantic. All of the 52 specimens analyzed had unique haplotypes in their mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (mtCOI) gene sequences. Four distinct lineages of the mtCOI gene sequences (mtA, mtB, mtC, and mtD) were revealed by phylogenetic analysis with robust statistical support. The specimens collected from the Atlantic Ocean comprised three of the lineages (mtA, mtB, and mtD). All specimens of the remaining lineage (mtC) were obtained from Sagami Bay. The outgroup node was placed between the mtA lineage and lineages mtB, mtC, and mtD. Two specimens from each of the four lineages were randomly selected and the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer 1 (nITS1) region sequenced, resulting in ten forms, two of which were shared by all eight individuals. Phylogenetic relationships estimated from these sequences further supported the independence and reproductive isolation of the mtA individuals from the other lineages, while no phylogenetic structure was found in the mtB, mtC, and mtD lineages. These results indicate the presence of at least two cryptic species in C. macrocephala. Interestingly, these cryptic species were collected primarily from different depth layers (meso- and bathypelagic), suggesting speciation of the bathypelagic species from a mesopelagic precursor.Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography.