Zhengkun Fu

Shanxi University, Yangkü, Shanxi Sheng, China

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Publications (14)35.29 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Experimental control of magnetic Fano-Feshbach resonances in ultracold $^{40}$K Fermi gases, using radio-frequency (RF) fields, is demonstrated. Spectroscopic measurements are made of three molecular levels within 50 MHz of the atomic continuum, along with their variation with magnetic field. Modifying the scattering properties by an RF field is shown by measuring the loss profile versus magnetic field. This work provides the high accuracy locations of ground molecular states near the s-wave Fano-Feshbach resonance, which can be used to study the crossover regime from a Bose-Einstein condensate to a Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer superfluid in presence of an RF field.
    07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The search for topological superconductors is a challenging task. One of the most promising directions is to use spin-orbit coupling through which an s-wave superconductor can induce unconventional p-wave pairing in a spin-polarized metal. Recently, synthetic spin-orbit couplings have been realized in cold-atom systems where instead of a proximity effect, s-wave pairing originates from a resonant coupling between s-wave molecules and itinerant atoms. Here we demonstrate a dynamic process in which spin-orbit coupling coherently produces s-wave Feshbach molecules from a fully polarized Fermi gas, and induces a coherent oscillation between these two. This demonstrates experimentally that spin-orbit coupling does coherently couple singlet and triplet states, and implies that the bound pairs of this system have a triplet p-wave component, which can become a topological superfluid by further cooling to condensation and confinement to one dimension.
    01/2014; 10(2).
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    ABSTRACT: In this work we demonstrate a dynamic process in which SO coupling can coherently produce s-wave Feshbach molecules from a fully polarized Fermi gas, and can induce a coherent oscillation between Feshbach molecules and spin polarized gas. For comparison, we also show that such phenomena are absent if the inter-component coupling is momentum-independent. This demonstrates experimentally that SO coupling does provide finite matrix element between a singlet state and a triplet state, and therefore, implies the bound pairs of a system with SO coupling have triplet p-wave component, which can become topological superfluid by further cooling these pairs to condensation and confining them to lower dimension.
    06/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: We use laser light near-resonant with a molecular bound-to-bound transition to control a magnetic Feshbach resonance in ultracold Fermi gases of $^{40}$K atoms. The spectrum of excited molecular states is measured by applying a laser field that couples the ground Feshbach molecular state to electronically excited molecular states. Nine strong bound-to-bound resonances are observed below the $^{2}P_{1/2}+^{2}S_{1/2}$ threshold. We use radio-frequency spectroscopy to characterize the laser-dressed bound state near a specific bound-to-bound resonance and show clearly the shift of the magnetic Feshbach resonance using light with negligible atomic loss. The demonstrated technology could be used to modify interatomic interactions with high spatial and temporal resolutions in the crossover regime from a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) to a Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) superfluid.
    Physical Review A 06/2013; 88(4). · 3.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigate experimentally and theoretically radio-frequency spectroscopy and pairing of a spin-orbit-coupled Fermi gas of $^{40}$K atoms near a Feshbach resonance at $B_{0}=202.2$ G. Experimentally, the integrated spectroscopy is measured, showing characteristic blue and red shifts in the atomic and molecular responses, respectively, with increasing spin-orbit coupling. Theoretically, a smooth transition from atomic to molecular responses in the momentum-resolved spectroscopy is predicted, with a clear signature of anisotropic pairing at and below resonance. Our many-body prediction agrees qualitatively well with the observed spectroscopy near the Feshbach resonance.
    Physical Review A 03/2013; 87(5). · 3.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The binding energy of Feshbach molecules from a two component Fermi gas of $^{40}$K atoms has been experimentally measured with the momentum-resolved Raman spectroscopy. Comparing with the radio-frequency spectroscopy, in the present experiment the signal of unpaired (free atoms) and the bound molecules can be directly observed and the binding energy can be simultaneously determined in a single running experiment. The energy-momentum dispersion spectra of the strongly interacting ultracold Fermi gas in BEC side are also measured and reconstructed. The present experimental technology of the momentum-resolved Raman spectroscopy can be easily extended to perform spatially momentum-resolved Raman spectroscopy and to obtain the response spectra of a homogeneous system in the local density approximation.
    Physical Review A 08/2012; · 3.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report the experiment on probing the one-body spectral function in a trapped non-interacting $^{40}$K Fermi gas by means of the momentum-resolved Raman spectroscopy The experimental result is in good agreement with the expected quadratic dispersion in the non-interacting regime. Through the comparison with the radio-frequency spectrum, we found that the Raman spectrum shows some new characteristics.
    Physical Review A 05/2012; · 3.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Spin-orbit coupling plays an increasingly important role in the modern condensed matter physics. For instance, it gives birth to topological insulators and topological superconductors. Quantum simulation of spin-orbit coupling using ultracold Fermi gases will offer opportunities to study these new phenomena in a more controllable setting. Here we report the first experimental study of a spin-orbit coupled Fermi gas. We observe spin dephasing in spin dynamics and momentum distribution asymmetry in the equilibrium state as hallmarks of spin-orbit coupling. We also observe evidences of Lifshitz transition where the topology of Fermi surfaces change. This serves as an important first step toward finding Majorana fermions in this system.
    Physical Review Letters 04/2012; 109(9). · 7.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present a simple experiment of creating an effective vector gauge potential for Bose-Einstein condensed $^{87}$Rb in the F=2 hyperfine ground state using two crossed 1064 $nm$ optical dipole trap lasers as the Raman beams. Due to the far-detuning from the single-photon resonance with the electronically excited state, the spontaneous emission is strongly reduced, at the same time, the moderate strength of the Raman coupling still can be achieved. The atoms at the far detuning of the Raman coupling are loaded adiabatically into the dressed states by ramping the homogeneous bias magnetic field to resonance and the different energy dressed states are studied. This experiment is easily extended to produce synthetic magnetic or electric field from a spatial or time dependence of the effective vector potential.
    06/2011;
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    ABSTRACT: We demonstrate collective atomic recoil motion with a dilute, ultracold, degenerate fermion gas in a single spin state. By utilizing an adiabatically decompressed magnetic trap with an aspect ratio different from that of the initial trap, a momentum-squeezed fermion cloud is achieved. With a single pump pulse of the proper polarization, we observe, for the first time, multiple wave-mixing processes that result in distinct collective atomic recoil motion modes in a degenerate fermion cloud. Contrary to the case with Bose condensates, no pump-laser detuning asymmetry is present.
    Physical Review Letters 05/2011; 106(21):210401. · 7.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Using two crossed 1064-nm optical-dipole-trap lasers to be the Raman beams, an effective vector gauge potential for Bose-Einstein condensed 87Rb in the F=2 hyperfine ground state is experimentally created. The moderate strength of the Raman coupling still can be achieved when the detuning from atomic resonance is larger than the excited-state fine structure, since rubidium has 15 nm energy-level spitting. The atoms at the far detuning of the Raman coupling are loaded adiabatically into the dressed states by ramping the homogeneous bias magnetic field with different paths and the dressed states with different energies are studied experimentally. The experimental scheme can be easily extended to produce the synthetic magnetic or electric field by means of a spatial or time dependence of the effective vector potential.
    Physical Review A 01/2011; 84. · 3.04 Impact Factor
  • Chinese Optics Letters 07/2010; 8(7). · 1.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We demonstrate clear collective atomic recoil motion in a dilute, momentum-squeezed, ultra-cold degenerate fermion gas by circumventing the effects of Pauli blocking. Although gain from bosonic stimulation is necessarily absent because the quantum gas obeys Fermi-Dirac statistics, collective atomic recoil motion from the underlying wave-mixing process is clearly visible. With a single pump pulse of the proper polarization, we observe two mutually-perpendicular wave-mixing processes occurring simultaneously. Our experiments also indicate that the red-blue pump detuning asymmetry observed with Bose-Einstein condensates does not occur with fermions.
    06/2010;
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    ABSTRACT: We have studied the locomotion track of (87)Rb Bose-Einstein condensate during decompressing the trap into the center of the glass cell in a quadrupole-Ioffe configuration trap. In order to change the position of the BEC, the current in the quadrupole coils is reduced while the current in the Ioffe coil keeps constant. Because of the strongly reduced trap frequencies of the moved trap, the BEC considerably sags down due to the gravity. Thus an inflexion point exists in the process of moving BEC. When rubidium atoms go over the inflexion point, they cannot keep in balance under the gravity and the force provided by a magnetic field, and flow downward and towards Ioffe coil. By utilizing this effect, the trapped atoms with the spin state |F = 2,mF = 1>, which are left over in the BEC, can be separated from the BEC of |F = 2,mF = 2> state.
    Optics Express 01/2010; 18(2):1649-56. · 3.55 Impact Factor