Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases: the official journal of National Stroke Association 11/2010; 19(6):510-1.
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ABSTRACT: Biologic therapy with tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha antagonists for rheumatoid arthritis has been well established. We describe two patients with rheumatoid arthritis who developed chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) during their course of therapy with TNF-alpha antagonists. A 45-year-old woman and a 49-year-old man, both with a history of rheumatoid arthritis, were treated with etanercept and infliximab, respectively. Clinical signs of peripheral neuropathy developed 2 weeks and 12 months after the initiation of TNF-alpha antagonists. Electrodiagnostic studies at variable points during the disease course showed signs of acquired demyelination consistent with CIDP. Cerebrospinal fluid examination showed albuminocytologic dissociation (total protein concentration 118 mg/dl and 152 mg/dl, respectively). Both patients failed to improve after discontinuation of the offending agent, and they responded poorly to corticosteroids. However, there was clinical and electrophysiologic recovery after initiation of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) therapy. CIDP may occur early or late during the treatment course with TNF-alpha antagonists. IVIg may reverse and stabilize the inflammatory process.
Muscle & Nerve 05/2010; 41(5):723-7. · 2.31 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To determine the incidence and mortality rates and predictors of death in myasthenia gravis (MG) and MG crisis in a large US cohort.
Our cohort was identified from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database for the years 2000 through 2005 using ICD-9-CM codes. MG crisis was identified by the principal diagnosis code or by the presence of respiratory failure. The incidence of MG was stratified by age, ethnicity, and gender. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify predictors of mortality in MG. For trend analyses of immune intervention, we used the Cochrane-Armitage test.
After data cleansing, 5,502 patients with MG were included. In women, the incidence of admission was two to three times higher during the first 5 decades. In men, the incidence of admission was higher during the sixth, seventh, and eighth decades. The annual incidence rate of MG was higher in black women (0.01 per 1,000 persons/year) compared to white women and white and black men (0.009, 0.008, and 0.007 per 1,000 persons/year). The overall in-hospital mortality rate was 2.2%, being higher in MG crisis (4.47%). Older age and respiratory failure were the predictors of death, with adjusted odds ratios of 9.28 (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.31, 26.0) and 3.58 (95% CI, 2.01, 6.38). The trend of i.v. immunoglobulin utilization has increased compared to plasma exchange and thymectomy (p < 0.0001).
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is still a disease of young women and old men, as reflected by the hospital admission rates. In-hospital mortality of MG is low. Hospital utilization of i.v. immunoglobulin has significantly increased compared to plasma exchange and thymectomy.
Neurology 05/2009; 72(18):1548-54. · 8.30 Impact Factor