ChemPhysChem 08/2011; 12(14):2576-80. · 3.41 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: We present evidence from multiple characterization methods, such as emission spectroscopy, zeta potential, and analytical ultracentrifugation, to shed light on the adsorption behavior of synthesized perylene surfactants on single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs). On comparing dispersions of smaller-diameter SWCNTs prepared by using cobalt-molybdenum catalysis (CoMoCAT) with the larger-diameter SWCNTs prepared by high-pressure carbon monoxide decomposition (HiPco), we find that the CoMoCAT-perylene surfactant dispersions are characterized by more negative zeta potentials, and higher anhydrous specific volumes (the latter determined from the sedimentation coefficients by analytical ultracentrifugation), which indicates an increased packing density of the perylene surfactants on nanotubes of smaller diameter. This conclusion is further supported by the subsequent replacement of the perylene derivatives from the nanotube sidewall by sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS), which first occurs on the larger-diameter nanotubes. The enhanced adsorption affinity of the perylene surfactants towards smaller-diameter SWCNTs can be understood in terms of a change in the supramolecular arrangement of the perylene derivatives on the scaffold of the SWCNTs. These findings represent a significant step forward in understanding the noncovalent interaction of π-surfactants with carbon nanotubes, which will enable the design of novel surfactants with enhanced selectivity for certain nanotube species.
Chemistry 09/2010; 16(44):13185-92. · 5.93 Impact Factor
Chemistry 02/2010; 16(11):3314-7. · 5.93 Impact Factor