J. L. Sanz-Vicario

University of Antioquia, Santa Fe de Antioquia, Antioquia, Colombia

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Publications (39)99.71 Total impact

  • A F Ordóñez, J C Cardona, J L Sanz-Vicario
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    ABSTRACT: The stability of resonant states in Helium-like atoms while under the influence of a plasma environment is studied. We analyze the variation of resonance parameters (energies and lifetimes) against the strength of the screening parameter within the Debye-Hückel model. We use a Feshbach-like projection formalism with explicitly correlated CI-wave functions to uncover the evolution of resonance parameters until they cross the upper Aq+(N=2) threshold, and a complex scaling method to analyze the survival of these Feshbach resonances across the threshold, which eventually makes them behave as shape resonances.
    Journal of Physics Conference Series 04/2014; 488(6):062010.
  • C M Granados-Castro, J L Sanz-Vicario
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    ABSTRACT: We study the resonant photoionization of the Helium atom subject to ultrashort laser pulses by using a Feshbach formalism in the time domain. We solve the projected time-dependent Schrodinger equation in terms of a configuration interaction spectral method, with a total wave function expanded with configurations defined within bound-like ( ##IMG## [http://ej.iop.org/images/1742-6596/488/3/032023/jpconf14_488_032023_eqn001.gif] ) and scattering-like ( ##IMG## [http://ej.iop.org/images/1742-6596/488/3/032023/jpconf14_488_032023_eqn002.gif] ) halfspaces. The method allows for accurate descriptions of both the atomic structure (energy positions and widths) as well as for the resonant photodynamics using ultrashort laser pulses. Special attention is given to the temporal formation of Fano profiles in the one- and two-photon ionization cross sections.
    Journal of Physics: Conference Series (XXVIII International Conference on Photonic, Electronic and Atomic Collisions (ICPEAC 2013)), Lanzhou, China; 07/2013
  • José Luis Sanz-Vicario, Carlos Mario Granados-Castro
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    ABSTRACT: A time-dependent Feshbach formalism is proposed to study the resonant photoionization of the helium atom using ultrashort laser pulses. This spectral method consist in solving the time-dependent Schrodinger equation by expanding the time-dependent wavepacket in terms of eigenfunctions defined in two orthogonal halfspaces: a bound-like resonant ##IMG## [http://ej.iop.org/images/1742-6596/488/1/012018/jpconf14_488_012018_eqn001.gif] and a non-resonant scattering-like ##IMG## [http://ej.iop.org/images/1742-6596/488/1/012018/jpconf14_488_012018_eqn002.gif] . The latter eigenfunctions for the projected Hamiltonians ##IMG## [http://ej.iop.org/images/1742-6596/488/1/012018/jpconf14_488_012018_eqn001.gif] H ##IMG## [http://ej.iop.org/images/1742-6596/488/1/012018/jpconf14_488_012018_eqn002.gif] and ##IMG## [http://ej.iop.org/images/1742-6596/488/1/012018/jpconf14_488_012018_eqn001.gif] H ##IMG## [http://ej.iop.org/images/1742-6596/488/1/012018/jpconf14_488_012018_eqn001.gif] are not indeed eigenfunctions of the total Hamiltonian, so that the electrostatic coupling ##IMG## [http://ej.iop.org/images/1742-6596/488/1/012018/jpconf14_488_012018_eqn002.gif] H ##IMG## [http://ej.iop.org/images/1742-6596/488/1/012018/jpconf14_488_012018_eqn001.gif] acts as a leaking operator ##IMG## [http://ej.iop.org/images/1742-6596/488/1/012018/jpconf14_488_012018_eqn001.gif] → ##IMG## [http://ej.iop.org/images/1742-6596/488/1/012018/jpconf14_488_012018_eqn002.gif] responsible for the temporal decay of resonances into the underlying continuum, keeping the physical insight of the Fano-Feshbach time independent formalisms. This method allows not only for accurate descriptions of the resonance parameters (energies, widths and Fano shape parameters) but also for the temporal evolution of the photodynamics involved in the resonant photoionization when using short laser pulses. We illustrate the performance of the method by analyzing the temporal formation of i) the one-photon ionization cross section below the second ionization threshold and the buildup of Fano profiles and ii) the up-down asymmetry of photoelectron angular distributions resulting from interferences of S -, P - and D -waves after simultaneous photoexcitation and decay of the lowest 1 S e , 1 P° and 1 D e resonant states, by using two sequential laser pulses with XUV harmonic frequencies separated by a time delay.
    Journal of Physics: Conference Series (XXVIII International Conference on Photonic, Electronic and Atomic Collisions (ICPEAC 2013)), Lanzhou, China; 07/2013
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    ABSTRACT: We have implemented a method based on the Feshbach formalism along with an explicitly correlated configuration interaction method to perform a systematic study on the behavior of resonance parameters (energies and lifetimes) of the autoionizing states of plasma-embedded He 1,3Se, 1,3Po, and 1,3De, as a function of the screening strength. In particular, we study the evolution of the lowest states in the series located below the He+(N=2) ionization threshold in the unscreened case. At variance with one-electron atoms (where shape resonance widths vary monotonically with the screening strength) the evolution of the Auger width with respect to screening is found to be different for each series represented by (K,T)A pseudoquantum numbers until resonances merge into the upper electronic continuum, when crossing the He+(2s) threshold. We conclude from our ab initio calculations that, although resonances pertaining to the same (K,T)A series share a similar tendency in their widths against the screening strength, general propensity rules for the robustness of lifetimes, based on the isomorphic series in the (K,T)A classification, cannot be established in plasma-embedded helium.
    Physical Review A 07/2013; 88(1). · 3.04 Impact Factor
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    C. M. Granados-Castro, J. L. Sanz-Vicario
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    ABSTRACT: (IOP Select 2013 - Also LabTalk available) We study the photoionization and autoionization of Helium atom subject to ultrashort laser pulses by using a Feshbach formalism in the time domain. We solve the time-dependent Schr\"odinger equation in terms of a configuration interaction (CI) spectral method, in which the total wavefunction is expanded with configurations defined within bound-like ($\mathcal{Q}$) and scattering-like ($\mathcal{P}$) halfspaces. The method allowsone to provide accurate descriptions of both the atomic structure (energy positions and widths) and the photodynamics. We illustrate our approach by i) calculating the time-resolved one-photon ionization below the He$^+$ ($n$=2) ionization threshold, from $1^1S^e$ and $2 ^1P^o$ initial states, then reaching the lowest autoionizing states of $^1S^e$, $^1P^o$ and $^1D^e$ final symmetries ii) studing the temporal formation of the Fano profile of $^1P^o$ resonances and iii) showing its performance in obtaining the perturbative long-time limit of one- and two-photon ionization cross sections using ultrashort laser pulses following a recently developed procedure in Phys. Rev. A, {\bf 77}, 032716 (2008).
    Journal of Physics B Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics 03/2013; 46(5):055601. · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Atomic autoionization following photoabsorption is a typical example of quantum interferences governed by electron-electron correlation. Coherence between direct photoionization and autoionization paths results in "Fano profiles", widely explored in atoms in the last 60 years. The advent of femto- and attosecond laser technology made time-resolved images of the delayed electron ejection in autoionization accessible, leading to the reemergence of such studies in atomic systems. The counterpart molecular phenomena show the richness, as well as the complexity, added by nuclear motion, which may proceed on similar time scales. However, Fano profiles are usually absent in measured molecular photoionization cross sections and an unequivocal parametrization of molecular autoionization signatures, similar to that introduced by Fano in atoms [U. Fano, Phys. Rev. 1961, 124, 1866] has not yet been achieved. In this work we introduce a simple semiclassical model that accounts for all the features observed in H2 photoionization and demonstrate that the interference structures observed in dissociative ionization spectra are almost exclusively due to the phase accumulated in the nuclear motion. Furthermore, we show that the temporal build-up of these structures in the energy-differential cross sections is also determined by nuclear motion. We validate our models by comparing with full-dimensional ab initio calculations solving the time-dependent Schrödinger equation.
    ChemPhysChem 03/2013; · 3.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this work, circular dichroism in H2 (D2) photoionization is studied in detail. We have selected several photon energies for a case study: 19 eV for which only direct ionization to the 1sσg ionization channel is present, 27 eV where autoionization of Q1 1Σ+u doubly excited states takes place, and 32.5 eV for which autoionization from Q1 and doubly excited states and direct ionization to 1sσg and 2pσu channels strongly interfere. The latter case shows clear evidence of different behavior of the photoionization against radiation helicity.
    Journal of Physics Conference Series 11/2012; 388(2):2019-.
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    ABSTRACT: We study the dissociative photoionization of D2 by an attosecond pulse train (APT) in the presence of a near-infrared (IR) field. Strong oscillations in the D+ kinetic energy release spectrum with a half period of the optical cycle of the infrared field are observed and attributed to interferences between ionization pathways involving different harmonic orders of the APT due to the IR-induced coupling between the 1sσg and 2pσu ionization channels.
    Journal of Physics Conference Series 11/2012; 388(2):2028-.
  • J. C. Cardona, A. F. Ordoñez, J. L. Sanz-Vicario
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    ABSTRACT: We present a study on the 1,3Se, 1,3P° and 1,3 De He resonant states below the He+ (N = 2) threshold under the influence of a plasma environment, when the Debye screening length is varied. The interaction between all charged particles is modeled with Yukawa-like screened Coulomb potentials. We make use of the Feshbach projector method to characterize resonant states, implemented by using explicitly correlated CI-wave functions.
    10/2012; 388(15).
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    ABSTRACT: We report experiments where hydrogen molecules were dissociatively ionized by an attosecond pulse train in the presence of a near-infrared field. Fragment ion yields from distinguishable ionization channels oscillate with a period that is half the optical cycle of the IR field. For molecules aligned parallel to the laser polarization axis, the oscillations are reproduced in two-electron quantum simulations, and can be explained in terms of an interference between ionization pathways that involve different harmonic orders and a laser-induced coupling between the 1sσ(g) and 2pσ(u) states of the molecular ion. This leads to a situation where the ionization probability is sensitive to the instantaneous polarization of the molecule by the IR electric field and demonstrates that we have probed the IR-induced electron dynamics with attosecond pulses.
    Physical Review Letters 07/2011; 107(4):043002. · 7.94 Impact Factor
  • Juan Carlos Cardona, José Luis Sanz-Vicario, Fernando Martín
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    ABSTRACT: Applications of the Feshbach formalism to systems of more than two active electrons are very scarce due to practical limitations in the construction of the projection operators P and Q that are inherent to the theory. As a consequence, most previous applications rely on the use of approximate quasiprojection operators, whose theoretical justification is not yet clear. In this work, an implementation of the Feshbach formalism for three-electron atoms is presented that includes all the ingredients of the original formalism. Energy positions and autoionization widths of the lowest 2Se, 2Po, and 2De autoionizing states of Li and Ne7+ have been evaluated. The results show that the use of quasiprojection operators is justified for the evaluation of resonant positions. However, for the 2Se states of Li, the use of quasiprojection operators can lead to errors in the autoionization widths of the order of 100%.
    Physical Review A 08/2010; 82(2). · 3.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Circular dichroism is a consequence of chirality. However, nonchiral molecules can also exhibit it when the measurement itself introduces chirality, e.g., when measuring molecular-frame photoelectron angular distributions. The few such experiments performed on homonuclear diatomic molecules show that, as expected, circular dichroism vanishes when the molecular-frame photoelectron angular distributions are integrated over the polar electron emission angle. Here we show that this is not the case in resonant dissociative ionization of H2 for photons of 30-35 eV, which is the consequence of the delayed ionization from molecular doubly excited states into ionic states of different inversion symmetry.
    Physical Review Letters 06/2010; 104(23):233003. · 7.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: For the past several decades, we have been able to directly probe the motion of atoms that is associated with chemical transformations and which occurs on the femtosecond (10(-15)-s) timescale. However, studying the inner workings of atoms and molecules on the electronic timescale has become possible only with the recent development of isolated attosecond (10(-18)-s) laser pulses. Such pulses have been used to investigate atomic photoexcitation and photoionization and electron dynamics in solids, and in molecules could help explore the prompt charge redistribution and localization that accompany photoexcitation processes. In recent work, the dissociative ionization of H(2) and D(2) was monitored on femtosecond timescales and controlled using few-cycle near-infrared laser pulses. Here we report a molecular attosecond pump-probe experiment based on that work: H(2) and D(2) are dissociatively ionized by a sequence comprising an isolated attosecond ultraviolet pulse and an intense few-cycle infrared pulse, and a localization of the electronic charge distribution within the molecule is measured that depends-with attosecond time resolution-on the delay between the pump and probe pulses. The localization occurs by means of two mechanisms, where the infrared laser influences the photoionization or the dissociation of the molecular ion. In the first case, charge localization arises from quantum mechanical interference involving autoionizing states and the laser-altered wavefunction of the departing electron. In the second case, charge localization arises owing to laser-driven population transfer between different electronic states of the molecular ion. These results establish attosecond pump-probe strategies as a powerful tool for investigating the complex molecular dynamics that result from the coupling between electronic and nuclear motions beyond the usual Born-Oppenheimer approximation.
    Nature 06/2010; 465(7299):763-6. · 38.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We used a split-mirror setup attached to a reaction microscope at the free-electron laser in Hamburg (FLASH) to perform an XUV-pump–XUV-probe experiment by tracing the ultrafast nuclear wave-packet motion in the D2+(1sσg) with <10 fs time resolution. Comparison with time-dependent calculations shows excellent agreement with the measured vibrational period of 22±4 fs in D2+, points to the importance of accurately knowing the internuclear distance-dependent ionization probability, and paves the way to control sequential and nonsequential two-photon double-ionization contributions.
    Physical Review A 05/2010; · 3.04 Impact Factor
  • International Journal of Quantum Chemistry - INT J QUANTUM CHEM. 01/2010;
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    ABSTRACT: Two-photon double ionization (TPDI) of D2 is studied for 38-eV photons at the Free Electron Laser in Hamburg (FLASH). Based on model calculations, instantaneous and sequential absorption pathways are identified as separated peaks in the measured D++D+ fragment kinetic energy release (KER) spectra. The instantaneous process appears at high KER, corresponding to ionization at the molecule’s equilibrium distance, in contrast to sequential ionization mainly leading to low-KER contributions. Measured fragment angular distributions are in good agreement with theory.
    Physical Review A 01/2010; 81(2). · 3.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We show the relevance that molecular autoionizing states display in some recent experiments related to the symmetry-breaking in molecular-frame photoelectron angular distributions in H2 when exposed to intense xuv femtosecond laser pulses, and others related to the electron (proton) localization when subject to attosecond pump-probe laser schemes. Our theoretical method solves the time-dependent Schrödinger equation with an spectral method that expands the wave function in terms of H2 correlated stationary vibronic states including all electronic and vibrational degrees of motion. Time-resolved asymmetric electron angular distributions are obtained at specific proton kinetic energies due to the delayed autoionization from H2 doubly excited states, which induces interferences between gerade (1sσg) and ungerade (2pσu) ionization channels. We also study photoionization of H2 exposed to a xuv attosecond pump pulse plus a time-delayed IR femtosecond probe pulse. Fast alternating asymmetries in the proton ejection (electron localization) are obtained as a function of the time delay between the pump and the probe pulses. Finally, we deal with the process of (xuv) two-photon double ionization of H2 under the assumption of having both sequential and non-sequential absorption processes.
    Journal of Physics Conference Series 12/2009; 194(1):012013.
  • Juan Carlos Cardona, Jose Luis Sanz-Vicario, Fernando Martín
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    ABSTRACT: A fully ab initio method of solution to compute autoionizing states in Li-like atomic systems based on the application of the Feshbach projection formalism is proposed. Applications of the Feshbach formalism, which in principle is a complete many-particle theory, to systems of more than two-active electrons are very scarce due to the limitations imposed by the practical construction of correct projection operators and inherent to the theory. We include rigorously all the ingredients required by the Feshbach theory in order to compute accurate resonance parameters for the lowest autoionizing states of Li and Ne7+, for the 2Se, 2P° and 2De symmetries.
    Journal of Physics Conference Series 12/2009; 194(15):152013.
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    ABSTRACT: Sequential and direct two-photon double ionization (DI) of D2 molecule is studied experimentally and theoretically at a photon energy of 38.8 eV. Experimental and theoretical kinetic energy releases of D++D+fragments, consisting of the contributions of sequential DI via the D2+(1sσg) state and direct DI via a virtual state, agree well with each other.
    Journal of Physics Conference Series 12/2009; 194(3):032057.
  • J F Pérez-Torres, J L Sanz-Vicario, H Bachau, F Martín
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    ABSTRACT: A theoretical study of two-photon ionization of H2 by low-intensity ultrashort xuv laser pulses is reported. The method is based on the solution of the time-dependent Schrödinger equation in a basis of stationary molecular vibronic states which include all electronic and vibrational degrees of freedom. In contrast with previous work, the doubly excited states, which also contribute to the ionization probabilities through autoionization, are explicitly included. We have found that, just below the one-photon ionization threshold, molecular autoionization leads to an enhancement of dissociative ionization, whose corresponding probability can be an order of magnitude larger than that of the nondissociative ionization process, and even larger than the corresponding dissociative probability in the one-photon absorption region. This result suggests that multicoincidence experiments, in which the orientation of the molecule with respect to the polarization axis is determined, might be easier to perform in the two-photon absorption regime than in the one-photon absorption regime. Electron angular distributions in the same range of photon energies are also reported.
    Journal of Physics B Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics 12/2009; 43(1):015204. · 2.03 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

85 Citations
73 Downloads
1k Views
99.71 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2003–2014
    • University of Antioquia
      • Instituto de Física
      Santa Fe de Antioquia, Antioquia, Colombia
  • 2006–2013
    • Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
      • Departamento de Química
      Madrid, Madrid, Spain
  • 2011
    • FOM Institute AMOLF
      Amsterdamo, North Holland, Netherlands
  • 2010
    • Université Paris-Sud 11
      • Laboratoire de Photophysique Moléculaire
      Orsay, Île-de-France, France
  • 2004
    • Stockholm University
      • Division of Atomic Physics
      Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden